Joe Barton

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Joe Barton
Joe Barton.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 6
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1985-present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 30
PartyRepublican
PredecessorPhil Gramm (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$17.97 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 1984
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$14,159,511
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sTexas A&M University
Master'sPurdue University
Personal
Date of birthSeptember 15, 1949
Place of birthWaco, Texas
ProfessionEngineer
Net worth(2012) $78,501
ReligionMethodist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Joe Linus Barton (b. September 15, 1949, in Waco, TX) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Texas. Barton represents Texas' 6th Congressional District and was first elected to the House in 1984.

Barton won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Frank Kuchar in the Republican primary on March 4, 2014. He then defeated David Cozad (D) and Hugh Chauvin (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Barton is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Barton was born in Waco, Texas. He earned his B.A. from Texas Agricultural & Mechanical University in 1972 and his M.S. from Purdue University in 1973.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Barton's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1985-Present: U.S. Representative from Texas' 6th Congressional District
  • 1981-1982: Aide to Secretary of Energy James B. Edwards
  • 1973: Graduated from Purdue University with an M.S.
  • 1972: Graduated from Texas A&M University with a B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Barton serves on the following committees:[4]

2013-2014

Barton served on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Barton was a member of the following House committees:[6]

  • Committee on Energy and Commerce
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy
    • Subcommittee on Health
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] For more information pertaining to Barton's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Barton voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Barton voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Barton voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Barton voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Barton joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Barton voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Barton voted against HR 2775.[22]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Yea3.png In March 2013, the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[23] Barton was one of four Republican Representatives who voted in favor of Ryan's budget proposal after previously being in opposition.[23]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[24]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[23] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011, only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[23] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Yea3.png Barton voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[25]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Barton voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[26] The vote largely followed party lines.[27]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Neutral/Abstain Barton did not vote on House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[28]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Barton voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[29]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[30] Barton joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[31][32]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Barton voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[33]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Joe Linus Barton's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Barton is a Hard-Core Conservative. Barton received a score of 14 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[34]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[35]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[34] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Redistricting

Representative Joe Barton filed a redistricting lawsuit with District Judge James Lagomarsino in Navarro County on May 22, 2011, at 12:01 am. Barton sued because the Texas Legislature failed to produce a new map for Texas's U.S. Congressional Delegation.[36]

An email from Barton to constituents dated May 23, 2011 read:

Dear Texas Colleague,
At 12:01 a.m. on May 22, 2011, moments after it became clear that the Texas Legislature could not create a new Congressional District map in time, I filed a lawsuit in Navarro County District Court to protect the constitutional rights of the citizens of Texas. I had hoped that the Texas Legislature would fulfill its duty. However, time expired and I believe filing a lawsuit was the only way to ensure that our constituents had a Congressional map that meets the needs and rights of every voter. I acted immediately after the legislative deadline passed to increase the likelihood that this lawsuit would become the vehicle for Attorney General of Texas to use in creating the Congressional map for the 2012 election cycle. I will keep you updated on the progress of the suit. As lead plaintiff, I will be pressing a map to the attorney general and the court. Your thoughts and ideas will be very helpful so please don’t hesitate to contact me. Sincerely, Joe Barton, 6th District of Texas, Member of Congress.[36]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Joe Barton endorsed Newt Gingrich in the 2012 presidential election. [37]

Earmarks

A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[38] According to the report, Barton helped secure about $2.98 million toward widening about three miles of the U.S. 287 bypass in Ennis, where Barton owns two homes.[39]

Campaign themes

2014

Barton's campaign website listed the following issues:[40]

  • Reducing The Federal Deficit
Excerpt: "It is time for the federal government to run its budget like you do. When you run out of money you stop spending. Instead of passing the buck, it is time to make cuts."
  • Creating Jobs
Excerpt: "It is time to put Americans back to work. The best thing Washington can do is get out of the way so our nation can do what it does best: create, innovate, and lead. I have joined my colleagues to support the Plan for America's Job Creators."
  • Protecting Kids Online
Excerpt: "The Internet has transformed into an invaluable educational, research, and entertainment tool, but with the good comes the bad. I believe that every American has the right to choose what they believe to be best for themselves and their children. Often in our digital world this right is lost because your personal information is collected and stored without your knowledge."
  • Powering Texas
Excerpt: "The needless environmental assault on our energy production has reached a critical point. The EPA, following orders from the Obama Administration, is attacking all sectors of the energy industry and economy leading to higher gas prices and the growing possibility of brownouts."
  • Repeal & Replace Obama Care
Excerpt: "The battle to repeal and replace ObamaCare isn't easy, but it is a fight we will eventually win. This trillion dollar job-killing, care-rationing, tax-raising law is proving itself to be unsustainable, unaffordable, undesirable and I believe, unconstitutional."

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

Barton won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Frank Kuchar to win the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014. He then defeated David Cozad (D) and Hugh Chauvin (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

U.S. House, Texas District 6 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Barton Incumbent 61.1% 92,334
     Democratic David Cozad 36.4% 55,027
     Libertarian Hugh Chauvin 2.4% 3,635
Total Votes 150,996
Source: Texas Secretary of State
U.S. House, Texas District 6 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Barton Incumbent 72.7% 32,618
Frank Kuchar 27.3% 12,272
Total Votes 44,890
Source: Texas Secretary of State

2012

See also: Texas' 6th Congressional District elections, 2012

Barton won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 6th District. He defeated Joe Chow, Itamar Gelbman and Frank Kuchar in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012. He then defeated Kenneth Sanders (D), Hugh Chauvin (L) and Brandon Parmer (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[41][42]

U.S. House, Texas District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Barton Incumbent 58% 145,019
     Democratic Kenneth Sanders 39.2% 98,053
     Libertarian Hugh Chauvin 1.9% 4,847
     Green Brandon Parmer 0.8% 2,017
Total Votes 249,936
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Texas District 6 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Barton Incumbent 63.2% 26,192
Joe Chow 19.7% 8,154
Frank Kuchar 11.4% 4,725
Itamar Gelbman 5.7% 2,356
Total Votes 41,427

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Barton attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Barton is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Barton raised a total of $14,159,511 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.[57]

Joe Barton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $1,172,496
2012 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $1,535,592
2010 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $2,377,715
2008 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $1,517,025
2006 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $3,164,154
2004 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $2,517,071
2002 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $870,512
2000 U.S. House (Texas, District 6) Won $1,004,946
Grand Total Raised $14,159,511


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Barton won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Barton's campaign committee raised a total of $1,172,496 and spent $1,659,548.[58] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[59]

Cost per vote

Barton spent $17.97 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Texas District 6, 2014 - Joe Barton Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,172,496
Total Spent $1,659,548
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $13,027
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $12,826
Top contributors to Joe Barton's campaign committee
Oil City Iron Works$20,300
Energy Future Holdings Corp$15,000
Martin Sprocket & Gear$11,200
AT&T Inc$11,000
Ultimate Fighting Championship$10,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$134,400
Electric Utilities$101,500
Health Professionals$54,400
TV/Movies/Music$41,300
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing$38,750

Below are Barton's FEC reports.[60]

2012

Barton won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Barton's campaign committee raised a total of $1,535,592 and spent $2,152,616.[69] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[70]

Cost per vote

Barton spent $14.84 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Barton won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Barton's campaign committee raised a total of $2,377,715 and spent $2,255,364.[71]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Barton's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,004 and $154,999. That averages to $78,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Barton ranked as the 385th most wealthy representative in 2012.[72] Between 2004 and 2012, Barton's calculated net worth[73] increased by an average of 8 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[74]

Joe Barton Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$48,012
2012$78,501
Growth from 2004 to 2012:64%
Average annual growth:8%[75]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[76]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Barton received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry.

From 1989-2014, 30.92 percent of Barton's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[77]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joe Barton Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $20,460,899
Total Spent $19,987,429
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$1,816,205
Electric Utilities$1,622,735
Health Professionals$1,309,852
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$917,188
Lawyers/Law Firms$659,815
% total in top industry8.88%
% total in top two industries16.81%
% total in top five industries30.92%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Barton was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Barton received in June 2013.[78]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[79]

Barton most often votes with:

Barton least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Barton missed 1,057 of 18,158 roll call votes from January 1985 to July 2014. This amounts to 5.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[80]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Barton paid his congressional staff a total of $1,001,221 in 2011. Overall, Texas ranked 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[81]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Barton was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Barton's staff was given an apparent $42,734.25 in bonus money.[82]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Barton ranked 35th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[83]

2012

Barton tied with three other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 159th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[84]

2011

Barton was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 66th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[85]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Barton voted with the Republican Party 95 percent of the time, which ranked 82nd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[86]

2013

Barton voted with the Republican Party 98.7 percent of the time, which ranked 28th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[87]

Personal

Barton is married to Terri and has four children, two stepchildren and five grandchildren.[88]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joe + Barton + Texas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joe Barton News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Joe Barton


References

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  4. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
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  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
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  35. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  36. 36.0 36.1 Austin American-Statesman, "Barton files lawsuit over Lege inaction on redistricting," May 23, 2011
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  39. Washington Post, "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
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  63. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  66. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  67. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  68. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Barton October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  69. Open Secrets, "Joe Barton 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  70. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  71. Open Secrets, "Joe Barton 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  72. OpenSecrets, "Joe Barton (R-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  73. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  74. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  75. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  76. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  77. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Joe Barton," accessed September 23, 2014
  78. GovTrack, "Joe Barton," accessed July 21, 2014
  79. OpenCongress, "Joe Barton," accessed July 18, 2014
  80. GovTrack, "Joe Barton," accessed July 21, 2014
  81. LegiStorm, "Joe Barton," accessed September 17, 2012
  82. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  83. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  84. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  85. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  86. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  87. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  88. Official House website, "Biography," accessed October 21, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Phil Gramm
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas, District 6
1985-Present
Succeeded by
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