Joe Garcia (Florida)

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Joe Garcia
Joe Garcia.jpg
U.S. House, Florida, District 26
Former representative
In office
January 3, 2013-January 3, 2015
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Department of Energy, Director, Office of Economic Impact
High schoolBelen Jesuit High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Miami
J.D.University of Miami
Date of birthOctober 19, 1963
Place of birthMiami, Florida
Net worth(2012) $390,002
Joe Garcia (b. October 19, 1963, in Miami, FL) is a former Democratic member of the U.S. House. Garcia represented the 26th Congressional District of Florida from 2013 to 2015.[1]

Garcia lost his bid for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He was defeated by Carlos Curbelo (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

According to a Washington Post article in December 2012, Garcia was one of the 10 most vulnerable incumbents in 2014.[3]

Garcia's chief of staff resigned on May 31, 2013, after he was implicated in a scheme to submit fraudulent absentee ballots during the congressman’s 2012 primary election.[4][5]



  • 1991: University of Miami, J.D. (but failed the bar exam)
  • 1987: University of Miami, Political Science, History and Philosophy
  • 1984: Miami Dade
  • 1982: Belen Jesuit High School


Committee assignments

U.S. House


Garcia served on the following committees:[7][8]

  • Committee on Judiciary
    • Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security
    • Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial, and Antitrust Law
  • Committee on Natural Resources
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources
    • Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, Oceans and Insular Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation

Key votes

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[9] For more information pertaining to Garcia's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Garcia voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Garcia voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Garcia voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]


Yea3.png Garcia voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]


Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Garcia voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Garcia joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Garcia voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Garica voted for HR 2775.[23]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Garcia voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Garcia voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Garcia voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Garcia voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]


On The Issues Vote Match

Joe Garcia's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Garcia is a Moderate Liberal Populist. Garcia received a score of 58 percent on social issues and 33 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Unknown Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Unknown Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Unknown
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]


Garcia is pro-choice and voted against legislation that would prohibit organizations that perform abortions from receiving federal funds.[26]



Garcia sent a letter to President Obama on February 24, 2014, requesting that he grant more political asylum applications from Venezuela and to stop deporting people there.[27][28]

Garcia argued that Venezuelans who have lived in the U.S. may be targeted if they return home, after Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro blamed some of the clashes between his government forces and opposition demonstrators on the U.S. and other countries.[28]


Garcia opposes offshore drilling, but also opposes offshore energy production.[29]


Garcia voted for a $1 trillion farm bill that expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers, but which made cuts to the food stamp program by an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people across 15 states.[30]

Affordable Care Act

Garcia is opposed to repealing the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.[31]

Comments on communism

In a Google Hangout about immigration, Garcia positively commented about Communism:[32]

“It happens to be across the border from the most dangerous city in the Americas, which is Juarez, right? And two of the safest cities in America, two of them are on the border with Mexico. And of course, the reason is we’ve proved that Communism works...If you give everybody a good, government job, there’s no crime," Garcia said.[32]

Republican members equal to Taliban

On October 2, 2013, Garcia implied that Republican members of Congress were afraid to vote on a clean continuing resolution because they were afraid of other Republicans.[33]

“Unfortunately they've been taken hostage by extremist elements in their party. We just need our colleagues to step up, push aside these extremist elements, this Taliban,” Garcia said.[33]

Campaign themes


Garcia's campaign website listed the following issues:[34]

  • Flood Insurance: "When flood insurance rates skyrocketed in Florida, Joe Garcia went to work. Joe was an original co-sponsor of the Homeowners Flood Insurance Affordability Act and worked with his Republican and Democratic friends in Congress to secure an insurance rate cap putting a stop to insurance companies overcharging South Florida families. Joe also insisted insurance companies to refund homeowners who had been overcharged, saving our homeowners millions."
  • Immigration Reform: "Rep. Garcia is a passionate advocate for fixing our broken system because it makes sense for our economy and for our families. Joe has been the only member of this House of Representatives, Democrat or Republican, who has been able to introduce bipartisan comprehensive immigration reform. Joe believes families should be kept together, our border secured, and immigrant students given a chance to go to college, pay taxes and contribute to our economy."
  • College Affordability and Education: "Congressman Joe Garcia is committed to ensuring college education is in reach for all Americans. He succeeded in passing legislation to reduce student loan rates by almost 50%, and has fought Tea Party Republicans to maintain and increase funding for the Pell Grant program that provides thousands of Florida families support for a college education."
  • Medicare: "Congressman Joe Garcia is a bi-partisan solution seeker – especially when it comes to doing what is best for South Florida’s seniors. Congressman Garcia worked with Democrats and Republicans to oppose cuts to Medicare, even though it meant going against President Obama. After all of Joe’s hard work, the administration decided not to cut Medicare benefits to seniors."
  • Working Across the Aisle: "Rep. Joe Garcia believes in working with Democrats and Republicans to do what’s right for South Florida, even if that means standing up to his own party. When President Obama attempted to cut important Medicare programs, Joe stood up to the President and won, protecting Medicare for our seniors. Rep. Joe Garcia has been named one of the most bipartisan members of Congress by the National Journal, largely because of leadership roles in the bipartisan flood insurance reforms and his success in working with both parties to issue improvements to Obamacare."
  • Jobs: "Representative Joe Garcia has worked tirelessly to bring good paying jobs to South Florida. He supports increasing the federal minimum wage to $10.10 an hour and in Washington, Joe successfully won millions of dollars for job training in South Florida, so Floridians could get good paying jobs and grow our economy. Rep. Garcia has received Republican support for a small business bill he sponsored that invests in training and resources for small businesses in South Florida and supported the Fair Pay Act that prohibits wage discrimination based on gender. Our economy needs leaders like Joe Garcia."


—Joe Garcia's campaign website,


Garcia's campaign website listed the following issues:[36]

  • Early Voting: Excerpt: "Increased participation in Early Voting and Vote By Mail have drastically changed the timing of communication plans for candidates in FL-26. "
  • Education: Excerpt: "America needs a strong, educated class with a quality education. "
  • Equality: Excerpt: "Joe will fight for marriage and equality rights for the LGBT community. "
  • Healthcare: Excerpt: "It is imperative that we protect healthcare reforms that provide essential services and assistance to the uninsured, underinsured, and benefit the entirety of the American people. "
  • Jobs and the Economy: Excerpt: "Our number one priority should be putting people back to work and stimulating our economy. "



See also: Florida's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014

Florida's 26th Congressional District was a battleground district in 2014. Incumbent Joe Garcia faced no challenger in the Democratic primary. In the Republican primary, Carlos Curbelo triumphed over Ed MacDougall, Joe Martinez, Lorenzo Palomares Starbuck and former U.S. Rep. David Rivera. Curbelo then beat incumbent Garcia in the general election on November 4, 2014.[37][2]

According to a Washington Post article in December 2012, Garcia was one of the 10 most vulnerable incumbents in 2014.[38]

Garcia was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[39]

U.S. House, Florida District 26 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCarlos Curbelo 51.5% 83,031
     Democratic Joe Garcia Incumbent 48.5% 78,306
Total Votes 161,337
Source: Florida Division of Elections


See also: Florida's 26th Congressional District elections, 2012

Garcia ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Florida's 26th District. Garcia won the nomination on the Democratic ticket.[40] Candidates wishing to run were required to file by the signature filing deadline of June 8, 2012. The primary elections were held on August 14, 2012. Garcia won the nomination in the Democratic primary on August 14, 2012.[1] He was elected on November 6, 2012.[41]

U.S. House, Florida District 26 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Garcia 53.6% 135,694
     Republican David Rivera Incumbent 43% 108,820
     Independent Angel Fernandez 2.3% 5,726
     Independent Jose Peixoto 1.1% 2,717
Total Votes 252,957
Source: Florida Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Florida District 26 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Garcia 53.4% 13,922
Gloria Romero Roses 30.8% 8,023
Lamar Sternad 10.9% 2,852
Gustavo Marin 4.9% 1,283
Total Votes 26,080


Garcia received endorsements from:[42]

  • SEIU
  • AFL – CIO
  • United Teachers of Dade
  • Florida Education Association
  • South Florida Labor Council
  • Unite Here!
  • Daily Kos[43]

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Garcia attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Garcia is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Garcia raised a total of $1,395,068 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 4, 2013.[46]

Joe Garcia (Florida)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Florida, District 26) Won $1,395,068
Grand Total Raised $1,395,068

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Garcia's reports.[47]

Joe Garcia (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[48]June 10, 2013$46,214.21$548,226.84$(92,931.30)$501,509.75
July Quarterly[49]July 15, 2013$501,509.75$442,334.14$(142,477.45)$801,366.44
October Quarterly[50]October 13, 2013$801,366.44$410,250.32$(173,220.70)$1,038,396.06
Year-end[51]January 31, 2014$1,038,396$412,521$(109,178)$1,341,739
April Quarterly[52]April 15, 2014$1,341,739$464,083$(155,173)$1,650,649
July Quarterly[53]July 15, 2014$1,650,649$455,679$(243,815)$1,862,513
Pre-Primary[54]August 14, 2014$1,862,513$105,329$(115,196)$1,852,645
October Quarterly[55]October 15, 2014$1,852,645$497,019$(1,234,295)$1,115,370
Pre-General[56]October 23, 2014$1,115,370$113,530$(790,908)$437,991
Running totals

Garcia was a top freshman fundraiser in the 113th congress as a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's "Frontline" program.[57][58]


Garcia won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Garcia's campaign committee raised a total of $1,395,068 and spent $1,162,568.[59] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[60]

Cost per vote

Garcia spent $8.58 per vote received in 2012.

On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the Federal Election Commission. The political blog Daily Kos did an analysis of the fundraising figures and found Democratic challenger Joe Garcia outraised Republican incumbent David Rivera in the third quarter. Garcia raised $431,000 to Rivera's $122,000.[61]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Garcia's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $220,009 and $575,000. That averages to $397,504, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Garcia ranked as the 294th most wealthy representative in 2012.[62] Between 2011 and 2012, Garcia's calculated net worth[63] decreased by an average of 51 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[64]

Joe Garcia Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-51%
Average annual growth:-51%[65]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[66]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Garcia received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2007-2014, 30.07 percent of Garcia's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[67]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joe Garcia (Florida) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $7,683,319
Total Spent $5,635,941
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,072,858
Leadership PACs$366,100
Real Estate$340,963
Candidate Committees$209,500
% total in top industry13.96%
% total in top two industries18.73%
% total in top five industries30.07%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Garcia was a "centrist Democrat" as of July 24, 2014.[68]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Garcia missed 2 of 89 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.2 percent, which is equal to the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[69]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[70]

Garcia most often voted with:

Garcia least often voted with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Garcia ranked 183rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[71]


Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Garia voted with the Democratic Party 83.1 percent of the time, which ranked 182nd among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[72]


Garcia voted with the Democratic Party 86.3 percent of the time, which ranked 186th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[73]


Garcia was married to Aileen Ugalde. Garcia and Ugalde, who have one child together, divorced in 2012.[74]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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Joe Garcia


  1. 1.0 1.1 AP Results, "U.S. House Results," accessed August 14, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  3. Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
  4. NBC Miami, "Congressman Joe Garcia's Chief of Staff Resigns Over Probe," accessed June 4, 2013
  5. Miami Herald, "Congressman Joe Garcia’s chief of staff implicated in phantom absentee-ballot requests scheme," accessed June 4, 2013
  6. Joe Garcia for Congress Facebook Page, "Info," accessed August 6, 2012
  7., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Vote Smart, "Joe Garcia Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Joe Garcia Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Ontheissues, "Joe Garcia on Abortion", accessed August 23, 2014
  27. WINK News, "Rep. Garcia asks to stop deportations to Venezuela," accessed February 25, 2014
  28. 28.0 28.1 Miami Herald, "Amid political unrest, Miami Congressman Joe Garcia asks President Obama to let more Venezuelans stay in U.S.," accessed February 25, 2014
  29. Roll Call, "Joe Garcia, D Fla.-26," accessed August 23, 2014
  30. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," February 4, 2014
  31. Democracy for America, "Joe Garcia for Congress," accessed August 23, 2014
  32. 32.0 32.1 Fox News, "Florida Democratic Congressman Under Fire For Saying 'Communism Works'," accessed May 28, 2014
  33. 33.0 33.1 Miami Herald, "Rep. Garcia's ‘Taliban’ comment riles GOP," accessed October 2, 2013
  34. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed September 15, 2014
  35. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  36. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  37. Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed August 26, 2014
  38. Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
  39. Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  40. Florida Election Division, "Candidate List," accessed March 28, 2012
  41. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  42. Joe Garcia 2012, "Endorsements," accessed August 6, 2012
  43. Joe Garica 2012, "Daily Kos endorses Joe: 'He's a fighter'," accessed August 6, 2012
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Joe Garcia," accessed April 4, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Garcia 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 22, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 22, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 10, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Garcia July Quarterly," accessed September 30, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Garcia Pre-Primary," accessed September 30, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Garcia October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Garcia Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  57. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  58. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "Joe Garcia 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  61. Daily Kos, "Third quarter House fundraising: who's got the cash?," accessed October 18, 2012
  62. OpenSecrets, "Joe Garcia (D-FL), 2012," accessed June 10, 2014
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  64. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  65. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  66. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  67., "Rep. Joe Garcia," accessed September 23, 2014
  68. GovTrack, "Joe Garcia," accessed July 24, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Joe Garcia," accessed March 29, 2013
  70. OpenCongress, "Rep. Joe Garcia," accessed July 24, 2014
  71. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 23, 2014
  72. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  73. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  74. Wall Street Journal, "Joe Garcia (D)," accessed August 8, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
United States House of Representatives - Florida District 26
Succeeded by
- Carlos Curbelo