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John Boehner

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John A. Boehner
John Boehner.jpg
U.S. House, Ohio, District 8
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 24
PredecessorDonald Buz Lukens (R)
Speaker of the House
House Republican Conference Chairman
President of the Board of Trustees of Union Township, Ohio
Base salary$223,500/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$86.04 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1990
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$43,833,755
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Ohio House of Representatives
Board of Trustees, Union Township, Ohio
Bachelor'sXavier University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Navy
Years of service1968
Date of birthNovember 17, 1949
Place of birthWest Chester, Ohio
ProfessionBusiness Consultant
Net worth(2012) $3,924,561
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
John Andrew Boehner (b. November 17, 1949, in West Chester, OH) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Ohio. Boehner was first elected by voters from Ohio's 8th Congressional District in 1990. Boehner is the current Speaker of the House for the U.S. House.

Boehner won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary on May 6, 2014, and went on to defeat Tom Poetter (D) and Jim Condit Jr. (Constitution) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Prior to his election to the U.S. House of Representatives, Boehner was a member of the Ohio House of Representatives.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Boehner is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.


Boehner was born in West Chester, Ohio. He earned his B.S. from Xavier University in 1977.[2]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Boehner's academic, professional and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


As Speaker of the House, Boehner does not serve on any committees.

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[3] For more information pertaining to Boehner's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

NSA surveillance programs amendment

The U.S. House of Representatives voted on July 24, 2013, to narrowly defeat an amendment brought by Justin Amash meant to halt the National Security Agency's bulk collection of surveillance data.[5] The amendment would have stripped funding for an NSA program that collects the telephone records of people in the United States but not the content of calls.[6]

The vote scrambled the usual ideological fault lines in the House, with conservative Republicans siding with liberal Democrats.[7] The House voted 205-217 to defeat the amendment with more Democrats than Republicans voting in favor of the amendment.[8][6][9] From Amash's own party, 134 Republicans voted against the amendment, with only 94 agreeing with it, while 111 Democrats voted for the amendment, with 83 voting against.[8]

Among the Republicans opposing the measure was Michele Bachmann. Bachmann defended the NSA's data collection programs, arguing that "there’s no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy or right to the business-record exception" concerning the collection of phone metadata.[8] She continued by saying, “If we take this program and remove from the United States the distinct advantage that we have versus any other country, it will be those who are seeking to achieve the goals of Islamic jihad who will benefit by putting the United States at risk, and it will be the United States which will be at risk. I believe that we need to win the War on Terror. We need to defeat the goals and aims of Islamic jihad, and for that reason I will be voting no on the Amash amendment.”[8] Bachmann was joined by, among others, Speaker Boehner and Majority Leader Eric Cantor in opposing the amendment.[8]

On July 24, 2013, the House overwhelmingly passed a separate NSA amendment put forward by Rep. Mike Pompeo that was intended as a middle ground but was blasted by civil liberties advocates as achieving nothing.[6] The measure ensured that the NSA cannot acquire or store the content of emails and phone calls of people in the United States, but it allowed the NSA to continue storing phone metadata.[6]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In January 2014, Boehner said he believed supply management would be successfully left out of the farm bill in 2014. He said, “I have fought off the supply management ideas for 23 years that I’ve been in Congress, and my position hasn’t changed. Mr. Peterson and others are aware of that."[10]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[11] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[12] Boehner voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Boehner voted for HR 2775.[15]

Boehner released a statement on September 29, 2013, blasting Senate Democratic leaders over the looming shutdown. He said, "If the Senate stalls until Monday afternoon instead of working today, it would be an act of breathtaking arrogance by the Senate Democratic leadership. They will be deliberately bringing the nation to the brink of a government shutdown for the sake of raising taxes on seniors’ pacemakers and children’s hearing aids and plowing ahead with the train wreck that is the president’s health care law. The American people will not stand for it."[16] While Boehner attempted to shift blame for a potential shutdown on Senate Democrats, a CNN poll found that 46% of Americans blamed congressional Republicans.[17]

Boehner refused his pay for the duration of the shutdown.[18]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[19] Boehner joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[20][21]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Boehner voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]


On The Issues Vote Match

John Boehner's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Boehner is a Hard-Core Conservative. Boehner received a score of 16 percent on social issues and 98 percent on economic issues.[23]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[24]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[23]

Leadership style

Some journalists, such as Norm Ornstein from National Journal, have argued that Boehner has a "passive-aggressive" leadership style. According to one of Ornstein's articles, Boehner uses, "a passive-aggressive approach to agenda management—wait to bring up bills that will not pass muster with the extremist hard-liners until it becomes clear that they all will suffer from inaction; this allows his members to vote against the bills while the Democrats bail them out." Ornstein also stated that Boehner works to "mollify his extremist hard-liners. That is, get out in front of them and promote or pursue extremist policies and rhetoric to show he is one of them."[25] While on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, in January 2014, Boehner commented further on his leadership and challenges. He said, “Some members, I have to be the big brother figure. Some, I have to be the father figure. Others, I have to be the dean of students or the principal. Some of them, I have to be the Gestapo." He also added, "I like to describe my job as trying to get 218 frogs in a wheelbarrow long enough to pass a bill. It’s hard to do."[26]

Political positions

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Boehner supported President Barack Obama's proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "The use of these weapons has to be responded to and only the United States has the capability and the capacity to stop Assad and to warn others around the world that this type of behavior is not to be tolerated."[27]

Response to Putin's op-ed

In September 2013, Russia's President Vladimir Putin wrote an opinion piece in The New York Times arguing that the Syrian government was not responsible for the use of chemical weapons. In response, Boehner stated that he was "insulted" by Putin's editorial, further elaborating:

"The president does foreign policy and I’ve always believed while we have opinions, I probably already said more than I should have, but you got the truth."[28]

Unemployment benefits

Boehner commented on the debate over extending unemployment benefits. He said, "One month ago I personally told the White House that another extension of temporary emergency unemployment benefits should not only be paid for but include something to help put people back to work. To date, the president has offered no such plan. If he does, I’ll be happy to discuss it, but right now the House is going to remain focused on growing the economy and giving America’s unemployed the independence that only comes from finding a good job."[29]

Bartender indicted for murder threats

Michael Hoyt, Boehner's bartender at Wetherington Country Club, was indicted on January 14, 2015, for plotting to kill Boehner either by poisoning his drink or shooting him. Hoyt had been fired from the country club and appeared to be troubled, claiming that he was Jesus and Boehner was the Devil. The report stated, "Hoyt told the officer he was Jesus Christ and he was going to kill Boehner because Boehner was mean to him at the country club and because Boehner is responsible for Ebola."[30] A spokesman for Boehner responded, "Speaker Boehner is aware of this situation, and sincerely thanks the FBI, the Capitol Police and local authorities in Ohio for their efforts."[31]

Leno appearance

In January 2014, Boehner appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. He told Leno, "Listen, I like to play golf. I like to cut my own grass. You know, I do drink red wine. I smoke cigarettes. And I'm not giving that up to be president of the United States." Boehner also insisted his skin tone was all natural and that he did not use tanning beds or spray tans. He also addressed his thoughts on the October 2013 shutdown. He said, "When I looked up, I saw my colleagues going this way. And you learn that a leader without followers is simply a man taking a walk. So I said, 'You want to fight this fight? I'll go fight the fight with you.' But it was a very predictable disaster. The sooner we got it over with, the better." Boehner briefly mentioned 2016, adding he thought his friend, Jeb Bush, would make a good president, but stopped short of endorsing him.[32]

Endorsement of Mike Simpson

See also: Idaho's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

House Speaker Boehner attended a fundraiser luncheon on August 26, 2013, to help his friend and colleague Mike Simpson in his bid for a ninth term.[33] Boehner and Simpson were joined by Republican Gov. Butch Otter in making remarks to the luncheon crowd.[33]

Before lunch, Boehner appeared at a private event for contributors who made the maximum $2,600 contribution to Simpson for the 2014 primary election, said Brody Aston, Simpson’s campaign manager.[33]

Military aircraft travel

In October 2013, a rule against members of Congress traveling on expensive military aircraft was waived for a delegation of thirty House members, including Boehner and Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, to attend the funeral of longtime Florida Congressman Bill Young.[34] The flight time cost was estimated at $10,000 per hour. A spokesman for Boehner told the Washington Post, "Given Rep. Young’s long and distinguished service to his congressional district, and especially to the men and women of our Armed Forces, the rule against military aircraft is waived for this funeral."[34] The rule was also waived for two other funerals earlier in 2013.

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

John Boehner endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [35]

Speaker of the House elections

114th Congress Speaker of the House election

On January 6, 2015, Boehner was re-elected as Speaker of the House with 216 out of 408 votes cast. An unusually high number of Republicans dissented, with 25 GOP congressmen casting votes against Boehner.[36] According to The Washington Post, this marked "the biggest defection in at least 100 years."[37]

Three other Republicans, Reps. Louie Gohmert (TX), Ted Yoho (FL) and Daniel Webster (FL), were also nominated for the speakership. Webster received 12 votes, while various other Republicans received three or less votes. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) received the majority of Democratic support with 164 votes.[38]

113th Congress Speaker of the House election

During the swearing in ceremony and election for Speaker of the House, Boehner saw nine Republican members of Congress either vote for someone else or abstain and vote present. This is a change from the Speaker election in 2010, when the entire Republican caucus voted for him, then 241 members. Boehner won re-election to the speakership with 220 votes. He needed a majority of members voting, which was 214 of the 426 who voted. Former Speaker and California representative Nancy Pelosi (D) in turn, received 192 votes.[39]

The nine Republican members who voted for someone other than Boehner included Justin Amash, Steve Pearce, Jim Bridenstine, Ted Yoho, Paul Broun, Louie Gohmert, Walter Jones, Thomas Massie and Tim Huelskamp. Not all members who voted for someone other than Boehner or Pelosi voted for a current member of the U.S. House. Out-going member Allen West, former Comptroller General David Walker and former Secretary of State Colin Powell all received votes.[39] This highlighted the fact that the speaker does not have to be a member of the U.S. House, although all previous speakers had been.[40]


Trey Radel arrested for cocaine possession

See also: Trey Radel

Florida's 19th Congressional District Rep. Trey Radel (R) was arrested in the District of Columbia on October 29, 2013, for possession of cocaine. He was officially charged on November 19, 2013, in D.C. Superior Court with misdemeanor possession of cocaine.[41][42] On Wednesday, November 20, 2013, Radel plead guilty to possession of cocaine. He was sentenced to one year of supervised probation.[41][43][44]

Boehner commented on the incident saying, "Members of Congress should be held to the highest standards, and the alleged crime will be handled by the courts. Beyond that, this is between Rep. Radel, his family, and his constituents."[45]

Lawsuit against the Obama Administration

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

On June 24, 2014, Boehner confirmed to reporters at a press conference that he planned to initiate a lawsuit against President Obama over the president's use of executive orders.[46]

In a June 2014 memo to House members, Boehner indicated that the legal action would cover a number of issues -- including health care law, energy regulations, foreign policy and education -- but did not cite specific cases of executive overreach.[46]

On July 10, 2014, it was announced that the lawsuit would focus on Obama's failure to enforce the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's employer mandate.[47] The House voted to sue President Obama on July 30, 2014.[48]



See also: Ohio's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Boehner won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary on May 6, 2014. Boehner defeated Tom Poetter (D) and Jim Condit Jr. (Constitution) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

U.S. House, Ohio District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Boehner Incumbent 67.2% 126,539
     Democratic Tom Poetter 27.4% 51,534
     Constitution Jim Condit Jr. 5.4% 10,257
Total Votes 188,330
Source: Ohio Secretary of State
U.S. House, Ohio District 8 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Boehner Incumbent 71.5% 47,261
J.D. Winteregg 22.7% 15,030
Eric Gurr 5.8% 3,812
Total Votes 66,103
Source: Ohio Secretary of State, Official Election Results


See also: Ohio's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Boehner won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, to represent Ohio's 8th District.[49] He defeated David Lewis in the March 6 Republican primary and was unopposed in the general election on November 6.

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Ohio in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[50] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for ninth on the list.[50]

U.S. House, Ohio District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn A. Boehner Incumbent 99.2% 246,378
     Write-In James Condit Jr. 0.8% 1,938
Total Votes 248,316
Source: Ohio Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Ohio District 8 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Boehner Incumbent 83.8% 71,120
David Lewis 16.2% 13,733
Total Votes 84,853

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Boehner attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Boehner is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Boehner raised a total of $43,833,755 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[62]

John Boehner's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $22,024,288
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $9,796,947
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $5,161,985
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $3,200,084
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $1,544,255
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $1,190,181
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 8) Won $916,015
Grand Total Raised $43,833,755

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


In advance of the 2014 midterm elections, Boehner had raised more than $30 million by July 2013. Of that, he gave more than $5 million to the National Republican Congressional Committee. As of July, he had held over 100 fundraising events.[63]

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Boehner’s reports.[64]


Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from, Boehner ranked seventh on the list with $67,930 in lobbyist contributions.[74]


Boehner won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Boehner's campaign committee raised a total of $22,024,288 and spent $21,197,801.[75]

Cost per vote

Boehner spent $86.04 per vote received in 2012.


Boehner won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Boehner's campaign committee raised a total of $9,796,947 and spent $9,876,911.[76]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Boehner's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,914,122 to $5,935,000. That averages to $3,924,561, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Boehner ranked as the 90th most wealthy representative in 2012.[77] Between 2004 and 2012, Boehner's calculated net worth[78] increased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[79]

John Boehner Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:19%
Average annual growth:2%[80]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[81]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Boehner received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 1989-2014, 19.29 percent of Boehner's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[82]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
John Boehner Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $63,734,366
Total Spent $61,620,906
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$3,491,046
Real Estate$1,776,027
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing$1,705,697
% total in top industry5.48%
% total in top two industries10.53%
% total in top five industries19.29%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Boehner was a "centrist Republican" as of August 2014.[83] This was the same rating Boehner received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[84]

Boehner most often votes with:

Boehner least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Boehner missed 512 of 12,794 roll call votes from January 1991 to May 2014. This amounts to 4.0 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[83]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Boehner paid his congressional staff a total of $951,055 in 2011. Overall, Ohio ranked 30th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[85]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

As Speaker of the House, Boehner is not ranked by National Journal.[86]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Boehner voted with the Republican Party 93.8 percent of the time, which ranked 142nd among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[87]


Boehner voted with the Republican Party 100.0 percent of the time, which ranked first among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[88]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term John + Boehner + Ohio + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

John Boehner News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link
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John Boehner


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  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "BOEHNER, John Andrew, (1949 - )," accessed March 19, 2012
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  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
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  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Politico, "Justin Amash prevails as amendment fails," accessed July 26, 2013
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  19. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  20. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  21. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 On The Issues, "John Boehner Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  24. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
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  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
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  59. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  60. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  61. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
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  78. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  79. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  80. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  81. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
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  87. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  88. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Buz Lukens
U.S. House of Representatives - Ohio, District 8
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ohio House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Board of Trustees, Union Township, Ohio
Succeeded by