John Lewis (Georgia)

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John Lewis
John Lewis.jpg
U.S. House, Georgia, District 5
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1987-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 27
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorWyche Fowler, Jr. (D)
Leadership
3rd Chairman, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1963-1966
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$5.55 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 1986
Campaign $$5,590,088
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Atlanta City Council
1982-1986
Education
High schoolPike County Training High School
Bachelor'sAmerican Baptist Theological Seminary, Fisk University
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 21, 1940
Place of birthTroy, Alabama
ProfessionCivil Rights Leader, Political Consultant
Net worth$72,004.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
John Robert Lewis (b. February 21, 1940, in Troy, AL) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Lewis was elected by voters from Georgia's 5th Congressional District. Lewis was first elected to the U.S. House in 1986.[1]

Lewis ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Georgia's 5th District.[2] He won the general election on November 6, 2012.[3][4]

Lewis ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won an uncontested general election.[5] He also ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 20, 2014.[6]

Lewis was one of the "Big Six" leaders in the American Civil Rights Movement and chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).[7] Lewis, at the age of 23 and a leader in the civil rights movement, took the podium at the March on Washington in 1963 as the youngest speaker. He is also the only living speaker from the 1963 March on Washington.[8]

Lewis serves as the Senior Chief Deputy Whips of the Democratic caucus for the 113th Congress.[9]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lewis is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Lewis was born on February 21, 1940, outside of Troy, AL. He grew up on his family's farm and attended segregated public schools in Pike County, AL.[1]

As a student at American Baptist College, Lewis organized sit-in demonstrations at segregated lunch counters in Nashville, TN. In 1961, he volunteered to participate in the Freedom Rides. During the height of the Movement, from 1963 to 1966, Lewis was named Chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), which he helped form. SNCC was largely responsible for organizing student activism in the Movement, including sit-ins and other activities.[1]

By 1963, he was dubbed one of the Big Six leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. (The others were Whitney Young, A. Phillip Randolph, Martin Luther King Jr., James Farmer and Roy Wilkins). At the age of 23, he was an architect of and a keynote speaker at the historic March on Washington in August 1963.[10][1]

Lewis holds a B.A. in Religion and Philosophy from Fisk University, and is a graduate of the American Baptist Theological Seminary, both in Nashville, TN.[1]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lewis serves on the following committees:[11][12]

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[14] For more information pertaining to Lewis's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[15]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Lewis voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[16]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Lewis voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[16]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Lewis voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[17] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[16]

NDAA

Yea3.png Lewis voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[16]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[18] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[19][20] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[20] Lewis voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[21][22] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[22] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[23] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Lewis joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[21][22]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[24] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[25] Lewis voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[26]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[27] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lewis voted for HR 2775.[28]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Nay3.png Lewis voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[16]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Lewis voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[16]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Lewis voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[16]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Lewis voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[16]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Lewis voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[16]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Neutral/Abstain Lewis did not cast a vote regarding the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

John Lewis' Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lewis is a Hard-Core Liberal. Lewis received a score of 78 percent on social issues and 2 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[32][33] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lewis was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[32][33]

On September 2, 2013, Lewis said, "Once Congressional debate begins and the Congress has had a full briefing, we will make a statement. We do not want to do so without that preparation."[34]

Controversy

Arrest during immigration protest

See also: Gang of Eight

On October 8, 2013, eight Democratic members of Congress were arrested while attending a protest calling for comprehensive immigration reform in front of the U.S. Capitol.[35]

The eight included Lewis, Luis Gutierrez, Charlie Rangel, Raul Grijalva, Joseph Crowley, Jan Schakowsky, Keith Ellison and Al Green.[35] The politicians, along with activists who attended an immigration rally on the National Mall, staged a sit-in near the west side of the Capitol.[35] Authorities arrested the lawmakers for crowding and disrupting the streets around the Capitol. Almost 200 people were arrested by police during the protest.[35]

Lewis had been arrested 45 times previously, according to his twitter account. Lewis has been known to participate in sit-ins and protests throughout his many years in Congress.[35]

March on Washington speech

Lewis said Martin Luther King Jr. asked him to tone down the speech he delivered during the March on Washington more than 50 years ago.[36]

“Some people thought my speech as a little too strong, some would say maybe a little too militant. I said in the beginning, in my prepared text, I thought the Kennedy-proposed legislation was too little and that it was too late. And in another part of the speech, I said, ‘You tell us to wait. You tell us to be patient. We cannot wait. We cannot be patient. We want our freedom and we want it now,’” Lewis said.[36]

Elections

2014

See also: Georgia's 5th Congressional District elections, 2014

Lewis ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 20, 2014.[6] He ran unopposed in the general election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Georgia District 5 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Lewis Incumbent 100% 170,326
Total Votes 170,326
Source: Georgia Secretary of State

2012

See also: Georgia's 5th Congressional District elections, 2012

Lewis ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Georgia's 5th District. Lewis sought re-election on the Democratic ticket. The signature filing deadline was May 25, 2012, with the primary taking place on July 31, 2012. Michael Johnson was defeated by Lewis in the Democratic primary[3]. Lewis defeated Howard Stopeck (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

U.S. House, Georgia District 5 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Lewis Incumbent 84.4% 234,330
     Republican Howard Stopeck 15.6% 43,335
Total Votes 277,665
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Georgia District 5 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Lewis Incumbent 80.8% 69,985
Michael Johnson 19.2% 16,666
Total Votes 86,651

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Lewis attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Lewis is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Lewis raised a total of $5,590,088 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[41]

John Lewis (Georgia)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $1,238,299
2010 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $1,013,992
2008 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $1,267,597
2006 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $628,202
2004 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $421,030
2002 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $338,831
2000 U.S. House (Georgia, District 5) Won $682,137
Grand Total Raised $5,590,088


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lewis' reports.[42]

John Lewis (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[43]April 17, 2013$206,722.39$46,925.00$(53,392.65)$200,254.74
July Quarterly[44]July 15, 2013$200,254.74$62,568.40$(58,153.97)$204,669.17
October Quarterly[45]October 13, 2013$204,669.17$76,021.42$(64,340.96)$216,349.63
Year-end[46]January 31, 2014$216,349$96,392$(91,868)$220,874.00
April Quarterly[47]April 15, 2014$220,874$55,309$(87,884)$188,299
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2014$185,927.00$101,902.00$(78,988.00)$208,841.00
October Quarterly[49]October 15, 2014$208,841$179,508$(172,159)$216,189
Running totals
$618,625.82$(606,786.58)

2012

Lewis won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lewis' campaign committee raised a total of $1,238,299 and spent $1,300,095.[50] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[51]

Cost per vote

Lewis spent $5.55 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Lewis won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Lewis' campaign committee raised a total of $1,013,992 and spent $1,115,868.[52]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lewis's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $9,009 to $135,000. That averages to $72,004.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Lewis ranked as the 386th most wealthy representative in 2012.[53] Between 2004 and 2012, Lewis' calculated net worth[54] decreased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[55]

John Lewis Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$94,114
2012$72,004.50
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-23%
Average annual growth:-3%[56]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[57]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Lewis received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 1989-2014, 31.86 percent of Lewis' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[58]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
John Lewis (Georgia) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $7,987,717
Total Spent $8,013,366
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$664,026
Lawyers/Law Firms$595,282
Insurance$449,700
Public Sector Unions$427,168
Industrial Unions$408,850
% total in top industry8.31%
% total in top two industries15.77%
% total in top five industries31.86%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lewis is a "far-left Democratic leader," as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Lewis received in June 2013.[59]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[60]

Lewis most often votes with:

Lewis least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lewis missed 1,196 of 17,292 roll call votes from January 1987 to July 2014. This amounts to 6.9 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[61]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lewis paid his congressional staff a total of $1,109,123 in 2011. He ranks 47th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranks 57th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Georgia ranks 24th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[62]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Lewis ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[63]

2012

Lewis ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2012.[64]

2011

Lewis ranked 21st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[65]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Lewis voted with the Democratic Party 95.7 percent of the time, which ranked 10th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[66]

2013

Lewis voted with the Democratic Party 95.8 percent of the time, which ranked 40th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[67]

Personal

Lewis lives in Atlanta, GA, and is married to Lillian Miles. They have one son, John Miles.[1]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term John + Lewis + Georgia + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

John Lewis News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
John Lewis

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 The Online Office of Congressman John Lewis, "Biography of John Lewis," accessed October 27, 2011
  2. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Lewis to defend congressional seat in 2012," accessed December 4, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Results," accessed July 31, 2012
  4. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  5. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 Associated Press, "Primary election results," accessed May 20, 2014
  7. Howard University, "The Big Six: John Lewis and His Contemporaries," accessed August 26, 2013
  8. NBC News, "7 Things to Know About Rep. John Lewis (D-GA)," accessed August 26, 2013
  9. Office of the Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer, "Hoyer Announces Whip Team for the 113th Congress," accessed January 4, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 John Lewis for Congress, "Meet John Lewis," accessed October 27, 2011 (dead link)
  11. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  12. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  13. The Online Office of Congressman John Lewis, "House Committees and Subcommittees," accessed October 27, 2011
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 Project Vote Smart, "John Lewis Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  18. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  23. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  26. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "John Lewis Vote Match," accessed June 25, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  33. 33.0 33.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  34. 11 Alive.com, "Georgia lawmakers explain their positions on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 NBC News, "Democratic lawmakers arrested during immigration protest," accessed October 9, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 Politico, "Lewis: King asked to tone down March speech," accessed August 26, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "John Lewis," accessed April 5, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "John Lewis 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 10, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  50. Open Secrets, "John Lewis 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "John Kerry 2008 Election Cycle," accessed October 2011
  53. OpenSecrets, "John Lewis (D-GA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  55. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  57. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  58. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. John Lewis," accessed September 23, 2014
  59. GovTrack, "Lewis," accessed July 29, 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Rep. John Lewis," accessed July 29, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "John Lewis," accessed July 29, 2014
  62. LegiStorm, "John Lewis," accessed 2012
  63. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  64. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 27, 2013
  65. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Wyche Fowler
U.S. House of Representatives - Georgia, District 5
1987–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Atlanta City Council
1982-1986
Succeeded by
'