Joseph Crowley

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Joseph Crowley
Joseph Crowley.jpeg
U.S. House, New York, District 14
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 16
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorCarolyn B. Maloney (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$53.01 in 2014
First electedNovember 3, 1998
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$14,432,449
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, New York, District 7
January 3, 1999-January 3, 2013
New York State Assembly
1987-1999
Education
Bachelor'sQueens College, City University of New York
Personal
Date of birthMarch 16, 1962
Place of birthNew York, New York
ProfessionPolitician
Net worth(2012) $292,513.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Joseph Crowley (b. March 16, 1962, in New York, NY) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 14th Congressional District. Crowley was first elected to the House in 1998 and is currently serving his ninth consecutive term, having won re-election in 2014.[1]

He ran unopposed for both nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2] He then defeated Elizabeth Perri (Conservative) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Before redistricting in 2012, Crowley had previously served the 7th District.

Prior to his congressional career, Crowley served as a member of the New York State Assembly.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Crowley is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Crowley was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.A. from Queens College, City University of New York in 1985.[4]

Soon after earning his degree, Crowley was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1986, where he served until 1999.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Crowley's academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Crowley serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Crowley served on the following committees:[7]

2011-2012

Crowley served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to Crowley's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Crowley, voted against the resolution.[12][13][14]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Crowley voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[15][16]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[17] For more information pertaining to Crowley's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[18]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Crowley voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[19]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Crowley voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[19]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Crowley voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[19]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Crowley voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[20] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[19]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Crowley voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[21] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[22]

SNAP challenge
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including Crowley, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[23] Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[24]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.pngOn September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[25] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[26] Crowley voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[27]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[28] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Crowley voted for HR 2775.[29]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Crowley voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[30] The vote largely followed party lines.[31]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Crowley has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[32]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Crowley voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[33]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Crowley voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[34]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Joseph Crowley's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Crowley is a Hard-Core Liberal.[35] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Political positions

Fast food worker strikes

In December 2013, Crowley tweeted his support for raising minimum wage for fast food workers. He tweeted, "Proud to join my Dem colleagues in calling on fast-food CEOs to raise workers’ wages."[36]

Controversy

Arrest during immigration protest

See also: Gang of Eight

On October 8, 2013, eight Democratic members of Congress were arrested while attending a protest calling for comprehensive immigration reform in front of the U.S. Capitol.[37]

The eight included Crowley, John Lewis, Luis Gutierrez, Charlie Rangel, Raul Grijalva, Keith Ellison, Jan Schakowsky and Al Green.[37] The politicians, along with activists who attended an immigration rally on the National Mall, staged a sit-in near the west side of the Capitol.[37] Authorities arrested the lawmakers for crowding and disrupting the streets around the Capitol. Almost 200 people were arrested by police during the protest.[37]

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 14th Congressional District elections, 2014

Crowley won in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 14th District. Crowley ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. He then defeated Elizabeth Perri (Conservative) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

U.S. House, New York District 14 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoseph Crowley Incumbent 74.7% 50,352
     Conservative Elizabeth Perri 10% 6,735
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 15.3% 10,285
Total Votes 67,372
Source: New York State Board of Elections

2012

See also: New York's 14th Congressional District elections, 2012

Crowley won re-election in 2012, but due to New York's redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 14th District. He was unopposed in the Democratic primary and defeated William Gibbons Jr. (R) and Anthony Gronowicz (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[38][39]

U.S. House, New York District 14 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoseph Crowley Incumbent 70.6% 120,761
     Republican William Gibbons Jr. 12.7% 21,755
     Green Anthony Gronowicz 1.5% 2,570
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 15.2% 25,909
Total Votes 170,995
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Crowley attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Crowley is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Crowley raised a total of $14,432,449 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[47]

Joseph Crowley's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (New York, District 14) Won $3,113,565
2012 U.S. House (New York, District 14) Won $2,577,592
2010 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $2,022,922
2008 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $2,058,150
2006 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $1,738,323
2004 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $1,273,991
2002 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $869,579
2000 U.S. House (New York, District 7) Won $778,327
Grand Total Raised $14,432,449


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Crowley won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Crowley's campaign committee raised a total of $3,113,565 and spent $2,668,960.[48] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[49]

Cost per vote

Crowley spent $53.01 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 14, 2014 - Joseph Crowley Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,113,565
Total Spent $2,668,960
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Joseph Crowley's campaign committee
Citigroup Inc$42,000
Bank of New York Mellon$29,000
Pfizer Inc$28,200
Verizon Communications$25,700
Related Companies$24,550
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$308,060
Securities & Investment$307,848
Insurance$291,500
Lawyers/Law Firms$216,649
Commercial Banks$137,550

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Crowley’s reports.[50]

2012

Crowley won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Crowley's campaign committee raised a total of $2,577,592 and spent $2,722,991.[60]

Cost per vote

Crowley spent $22.55 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Crowley was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a seventh term. His campaign committee raised a total of $2,022,922 and spent $2,100,428.[61]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Crowley's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $88,027 and $497,000. That averages to $292,513.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Crowley ranked as the 327th most wealthy representative in 2012.[62] Between 2004 and 2012, Crowley's calculated net worth[63] increased by an average of 16 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[64]

Joseph Crowley Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$127,623
2012$292,513
Growth from 2004 to 2012:129%
Average annual growth:16%[65]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[66]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Crowley received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 1997-2014, 35.25 percent of Crowley's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[67]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joseph Crowley Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $14,315,695
Total Spent $12,818,418
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$1,428,692
Insurance$1,159,515
Real Estate$1,040,092
Lawyers/Law Firms$893,740
Commercial Banks$524,150
% total in top industry9.98%
% total in top two industries18.08%
% total in top five industries35.25%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Crowley was a "moderate Democratic leader" as of August 2014.[68] Crowley was rated as a "rank-and-file Democrat" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[69]

Crowley most often votes with:

Crowley least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Crowley missed 342 of 10,902 roll call votes from January 1999 to August 2014. This amounts to 3.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[68]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Crowley paid his congressional staff a total of $1,046,764 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[70]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Crowley ranked 104th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[71]

2012

Crowley ranked 55th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[72]

2011

Crowley ranked 71st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[73]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Crowley voted with the Democratic Party 95.0 percent of the time, which ranked 36th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[74]

2013

Crowley voted with the Democratic Party 93 percent of the time, which ranked 122nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[75]

Personal

Crowley has three children with his wife, Kasey Crowley.[76]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joseph + Crowley + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joseph Crowley News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CROWLEY, Joseph, (1962 - )," accessed December 10, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CROWLEY, Joseph, (1962 - )," accessed February 12, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressman Joseph Crowley, Proudly Serving the 7th District of New York, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed December 10, 2011
  9. Committee on Ways and Means, Chairman Dave Camp, "Committee Members," accessed December 10, 2011
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  12. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  14. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  15. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  16. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  17. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  18. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Crowley's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  21. Vote Smart, "Crowley on agriculture," accessed October 8, 2013
  22. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  23. U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013 (dead link)
  24. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  25. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  27. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  28. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Crowley's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 8, 2013
  32. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Crowley's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 8, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "Crowley on abortion," accessed October 8, 2013
  34. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  36. Politico, "Pols back #FastFoodStrikes," accessed December 6, 2013
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 NBC News, "Democratic lawmakers arrested during immigration protest," accessed October 9, 2013
  38. AP/CSPAN, "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  39. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joseph Crowley" March 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Joseph Crowley 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 9, 2015
  49. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 9, 2015
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley April Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley Pre-Primary," accessed October 27, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley July Quarterly," accessed October 27, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley October Quarterly," accessed October 27, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Joseph Crowley Pre-General," accessed October 27, 2014
  60. Open Secrets, "Joseph Crowley 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  61. Open Secrets, "Joseph Crowley 2010 Election Data," accessed December 10, 2011
  62. OpenSecrets.org, "Joseph Crowley (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  63. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  64. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  65. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  66. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  67. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Joseph Crowley," accessed September 26, 2014
  68. 68.0 68.1 GovTrack, "Joseph Crowley," accessed August 7, 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Joseph Crowley," accessed August 7, 2014
  70. LegiStorm, "Joseph Crowley," accessed October 2, 2012
  71. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 7, 2014
  72. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  73. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  74. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  76. Congressman Joseph Crowley, Proudly Serving the 7th District of New York, "Full Biography," accessed December 10, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Carolyn B. Maloney
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 14
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Thomas Manton
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 7
1999-2013
Succeeded by
Nydia Velazquez
Preceded by
Ralph Goldstein
New York State Assembly - District 30
1987-1999
Succeeded by
Margaret Markey