Joe Heck

From Ballotpedia
(Redirected from Joseph J. Heck)
Jump to: navigation, search
Joe Heck
Joe Heck.jpg
U.S. House, Nevada, District 3
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PredecessorDina Titus (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$-3,961,133
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Nevada Senate from the Clark 5 district
Bachelor'sPenn State University
Master'sU.S. Army War College
M.D.Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army Reserve
Years of service1991–Present
Date of birthOctober 30, 1961
Place of birthQueens, New York
ProfessionOsteopathic Physician
Net worth(2012) $305,004.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Joe Heck campaign logo
Joseph John "Joe" Heck (b. October 30, 1961, in Queens, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Nevada. Heck was elected by voters from Nevada's 3rd Congressional District.

Heck was first elected in 2010 and is currently serving his third consecutive term, having won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran uncontested for the Republican nomination in the primary on June 10, 2014.[1] Heck then defeated Erin Bilbray (D), Randy Kimmick (L), David Goossen (I) and Steven St John (I) in the general election.[2]

Heck has been in the U.S. Army Reserves since 1991. He has been called to active duty three times, including a deployment in Operation Iraqi Freedom.[3][4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Heck is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.


Heck was born in Queens, New York. He earned a B.A. from Pennsylvania State University in 1984 and his Doctor's of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O) from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1988. He earned a Master's of Strategic Studies (M.S.S.) at the U.S. Army War College in 2006.[3]

Heck worked as a physician and as the president and medical director of Specialized Medical Operations, Inc. He has taught classes at Touro University, the Community College of Southern Nevada and the University of Nevada School of Medicine.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Heck's academic, professional and political career:[3][4]

  • 2011-Present: U.S. Representative from Nevada's 3rd Congressional District
  • 1991-Present: Colonel, U.S. Army Reserves
  • 2004-2008: Member of the Nevada State Senate
  • 1998-2003: Professor at the Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD
  • 1988: Earned D.O. from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
  • 1984: Earned B.S. in health education from Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Heck serves on the following committees:[5]


Heck served on the following committees:[6]


Heck served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[8] For more information pertaining to Heck's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security


Yea3.png Heck supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Heck supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.pngHeck opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Heck supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]


Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[12] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[12] Heck was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[12]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[13]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[12] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[12] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[12]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Heck supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Heck voted to support the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Heck voted for HR 2775.[19]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Heck supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[20] The vote largely followed party lines.[21]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Heck has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Social issues


Yea3.png Heck supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[24] Heck joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[25][26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Heck voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]


On The Issues Vote Match

Joe Heck's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Heck is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Heck received a score of 35 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Neutral
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

American intervention in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Heck signed a letter asking President Obama to "consult and receive authorization from Congress before ordering the use of U.S. military force in Syria." The letter was sent August 28, 2013.[30]

Immigration reform

Several Republican members of the U.S. House may have faced a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[31]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they were less likely to vote for their representative if he failed to support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they were less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members blocked immigration reform proposals.[31] Heck was one of the seven representatives who served in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[31]

Campaign themes


Heck listed the following issues on his campaign website:[32]

  • Healthcare: Joe Heck is fighting for a better alternative. Joe Heck’s solution supports Nevada’s families by protecting the patient-physician relationship and reducing health care costs. Joe Heck is working to protect Medicare for Nevada’s seniors and preserve it for future generations.
  • Jobs and the Economy: Joe Heck’s plan to fast track the tourist visa process will bring much needed economic growth to Southern Nevada and help businesses open and put Nevada men and women back to work.
  • Government Spending: Joe Heck has pushed for an audit of the Federal Reserve and for a vote on a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.
  • Energy: Joe Heck also supports efforts to develop alternate sources of energy like wind, solar, geothermal and hydro power as part of a long range solution to the energy crisis. Joe Heck successfully sponsored the Hoover Power Act to ensure a supply of low cost, renewable energy from Hoover Dam for 50 years.
  • Housing: He has supported programs that help homeowners who are underwater and introduced legislation to give folks who lost a home to foreclosure a second chance at homeownership and the American dream. Joe is an independent voice in gridlocked Washington who puts the interests of Nevada families and homeowners first.
  • Excessive Regulations: Joe Heck supported efforts to stop new government regulations during this time of scarce jobs and high unemployment. Joe Heck also supported efforts restricting the ability of unelected bureaucrats to impose regulations on Nevadans that could cost jobs.
  • Protecting Veterans: Dr. Heck believes the benefits of every service member who has sacrificed for his or her country must be safeguarded. Joe Heck believes we have a responsibility to deliver on the promises made to those who have volunteered to serve our country.


—Joe Heck, Campaign website (archive)



Heck indicated that he would work to repeal, repair and replace the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[34] His priorities included protecting the patient-physician relationship, reducing health care costs, working to protect Medicare for Nevada’s seniors and preserving it for future generations.[32]


Heck indicated that he had a plan to fast track tourist visas to boost the tourist industry in Southern Nevada.[32] He noted his opposition to government tax burdens and red tape on the private sector.[34]

Government Spending

Heck supported an audit of the Federal Reserve and a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.[32]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Joe Heck endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [35]



See also: Nevada's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

The 3rd Congressional District of Nevada held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Joe Heck (R) defeated Erin Bilbray (D), Randy Kimmick (L), David Goossen (I) and Steven St John (I) in the general election. Bilbray defeated Zachary Campbell in the Democratic primary on June 10, 2014, while the other candidates ran unopposed or did not run in the primary.

Nevada's 3rd was considered a battleground district in 2014. Heck had only been in office since 2011, and although he won re-election in 2012 with a 7.5 percent margin of victory, the district voted Democratic in the 2012 presidential election. President Barack Obama won the district by just 0.8 percent.

U.S. House, Nevada District 3 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Heck Incumbent 60.8% 88,528
     Democratic Erin Bilbray 36.1% 52,644
     Libertarian Randy Kimmick 1.1% 1,566
     Independent David Goossen 1.1% 1,637
     Independent Steven St John 0.9% 1,344
Total Votes 145,719
Source: Nevada Secretary of State

Race background

Heck was a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[36]


Heck received the following endorsements for his 2014 re-election campaign:


See also: Nevada's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Heck won re-election in 2012. He defeated Chris Dyer in the Republican primary on June 12, 2012. After the election, the Sunlight Foundation listed four races where outside spending likely pushed the winner over the top. Heck was listed as one of the four, spurred on by more than $2 million in spending by independent groups, including the American Action Network and the National Republican Campaign Committee.[38][39]

U.S. House, Nevada District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic John Oceguera 42.9% 116,823
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Heck Incumbent 50.4% 137,244
     Independent American Party of Nevada Tom Jones 2.1% 5,600
     Independent Jim Murphy 4.7% 12,856
Total Votes 272,523
Source: Nevada Secretary of State "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S House, Nevada District 3 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Heck Incumbent 90.1% 20,798
Chris Dyer 9.9% 2,298
Total Votes 23,096

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Heck attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Heck is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Heck raised a total of $6,446,096 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 15, 2015.[41]

Joe Heck's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Nevada, District 3) Won $2,484,963
2012 U.S. House (Nevada, District 3) Won $2,423,277
2010 U.S. House (Nevada, District 3) Won $1,537,856
Grand Total Raised $6,446,096

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Heck won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Heck's campaign committee raised a total of $2,484,963 and spent $1,979,831.[42] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[43]

Cost per vote

Heck spent $22.36 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Nevada District 3, 2014 - Joe Heck Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,484,963
Total Spent $1,979,831
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $1,161,529
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $1,156,609
Top contributors to Joe Heck's campaign committee
Votesane PAC$68,250
Las Vegas Sands$51,800
MGM Resorts International$31,618
Caesars Entertainment$22,022
Brady Industries$21,800
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$327,244
Leadership PACs$181,444
Real Estate$91,449

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Heck's reports.[44]

Heck raised $385,030.83 in direct donations, and another $41,714.07 in transfers from committees affiliated with the campaign during the second quarter. He had a total of $658,641.66 cash on hand as of the 2013 July Quarterly. Heck raised more than double any other Nevada representative.[54]

The list of donors to Heck's campaign included Sheldon Adelson, the Koch Brothers, Sen. Dean Heller, House Speaker John Boehner and House Majority Leader Eric Cantor. The donations were from their own campaign funds or their PACs.[54]


Heck won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Heck's campaign committee raised a total of $2,423,277 and spent $2,346,654.[55]

Cost per vote

Heck spent $17.10 per vote received in 2012.


Heck was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,537,856 and spent $1,383,242.[56]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Heck's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $99,010 and $510,999. That averages to $305,004.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Heck ranked as the 315th most wealthy representative in 2012.[57] Between 2009 and 2012, Heck's calculated net worth[58] decreased by an average of 5 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[59]

Joe Heck Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-16%
Average annual growth:-5%[60]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[61]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Heck received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 2009-2014, 37.8 percent of Heck's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[62]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joe Heck Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $5,831,371
Total Spent $4,370,524
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$819,471
Leadership PACs$454,071
Real Estate$225,866
% total in top industry14.05%
% total in top two industries21.84%
% total in top five industries37.8%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Heck was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[63] This was the same rating Heck received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[64]

Heck most often votes with:

Heck least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Heck missed 12 of 2,710 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.4 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[63]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Heck paid his congressional staff a total of $723,063 in 2011. Overall, Nevada ranked 50th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[65]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Heck ranked 207th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[66]


Heck ranked 159th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[67]


Heck ranked 215th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[68]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Heck voted with the Republican Party 92.2 percent of the time, which ranked 181st among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[69]


Heck voted with the Republican Party 93.5 percent of the time, which ranked 186th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[70]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joe + Heck + Nevada + Congress

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joe Heck News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
Joseph Heck


  1. Associated Press, "Nevada - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2014
  2. The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HECK, Joe, (1961 - )," accessed October 13, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Congressman Joe Heck, Proudly Representing the 3rd District of Nevada, "Full Biography," accessed November 14, 2011
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  6., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 23, 2013
  7. Congressman Joe Heck, Proudly Representing the 3rd District of Nevada, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed November 14, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 29, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  13. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "Heck on agriculture," accessed September 29, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 29, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 29, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Heck on abortion," accessed September 29, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Joe Heck Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  30. Project Vote Smart, "Heck's Political Summary," accessed September 16, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Joe Heck for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 2, 2014
  33. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  34. 34.0 34.1 Las Vegas Review-Journal, "Cold Shoulders Clash in Heck, Oceguera Congressional Debate," accessed October 12, 2012
  35. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 23, 2011
  36. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," accessed April 22, 2013
  37. The Washington Post, "Mitt Romney returns to political stage as Republicans prepare for midterms," accessed May 27, 2014
  38. Sunlight Foundation, "Four House races where outside money may have pushed the needle," accessed November 7, 2012
  39. Nevada Secretary of State, "U.S. House of Representatives," accessed September 25, 2012
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joe Heck," accessed April 15, 2015
  42. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 8, 2015
  43. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 8, 2015
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Heck 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  45. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  46. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  47. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  48. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed November 24, 2014
  49. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed April 23, 2014
  50. FEC, "Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  51. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  52. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  53. FEC, "Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  54. 54.0 54.1 Las Vegas Sun, "Joe Heck leads the pack in campaign contributions," accessed July 17, 2013
  55. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck 2010 Election Data," accessed November 14, 2011
  57. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck (R-NV), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  58. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  59. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  60. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  61. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  62., "Rep. Joe Heck," accessed September 25, 2014
  63. 63.0 63.1 GovTrack, "Joe Heck," accessed July 30, 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Joe Heck," accessed July 15, 2014
  65. LegiStorm, "Joe Heck," accessed October 8, 2012
  66. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
  67. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 5, 2013
  68. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Dina Titus
U.S. House of Representatives - Nevada, District 3
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ann O'Connell
Nevada State Senate - Clark 5 District
Succeeded by
Shirley Breeden