Joy A. Smith
|Joy A. Smith|
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|Former candidate for|
|Birmingham City School Board, District 6|
|J.D.||University of Alabama School of Law|
Smith currently resides in Birmingham, Alabama. She earned her bachelor's degree at Auburn University and her J.D. at the University of Alabama School of Law. She is an attorney.
Smith sought the seat held by incumbent board member W. J. Maye Jr., who did not seek re-election. In addition to Smith, four other candidates sought the same seat: Lavon Beard, Cheri A. Gardner, Gwendolyn Thomas Bell and Ervin Philemon Hill Sr. The election was held on Tuesday, August 27, 2013. Smith came in last place place behind Cheri A. Gardner, Gwendolyn Thomas Bell, Lavon Beard and Ervin Philemon Hill Sr. Gardner and Bell both advanced to a runoff election held on October 8, 2013.
|Birmingham City Schools, District 6 General Election, 4-year term, 2013|
|Nonpartisan||Cheri A. Gardner||35.2%||1,231|
|Nonpartisan||Gwendolyn Thomas Bell||25.7%||898|
|Nonpartisan||Ervin Philemon Hill Sr.||12.9%||450|
|Nonpartisan||Joy A. Smith||9.2%||320|
|Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013|
What was at stake?
Gang of Five
Three members of the controversial "Gang of Five" coalition of board members that attempted to oust Superintendent Witherspoon were on the ballot. All three were defeated. These members were Emanuel B. Ford, Virginia S. Volker and Tyrone H. Belcher, Sr., who all ran contested races. Ford and Volker are also plaintiffs in a lawsuit that seeks an injunction against the Alabama State Board of Education, Ed Richardson and State Superintendent Tommy Bice. The suit alleges that the majority Caucasian State Board of Education overruled decisions made by the majority African American Birmingham City Schools Board of Education. According to the Voting Rights Act, changes to Alabama elections must be pre-approved by a federal judge. A decision in this lawsuit is still pending.
Student enrollment has dropped from 35,000 in 2000 to less than 25,000 in 2013.
On June 26, 2012, the Alabama Department of Education assumed control of Birmingham City Schools after the school board failed to pass a measure that would have cut hundreds of jobs over two years to bring the district into compliance with state law. The discovery that schools in the district were operating without the mandated month of emergency reserve funds, which amounted to approximately $20 million, was another contributor to the state takeover. The Alabama State Board of Education appointed former State Superintendent Ed Richardson to oversee the district. Working with the state board, Richardson has overridden several Birmingham Board of Education votes, including votes regarding the method of building consolidation and layoffs of over 100 employees. Since the takeover, the school board has consolidated seven schools and six office buildings in an effort to save the district approximately $8 million.
About the district
The Birmingham City School District was created in 1910 when the Alabama State Legislature passed a bill creating Greater Birmingham. Through this bill, 40 schools were annexed by the Birmingham Free School, most of them substandard and in disrepair. Birmingham City Schools is now comprised of 51 schools including 25 elementary schools, 11 middle schools, seven K-8 schools, seven high schools, and one alternative school.
Jefferson County outperforms the rest of Alabama in terms of median household income, poverty rates and higher education achievement in 2011. The median household income for Jefferson County is $45,750 when compared to $42,934 for the state of Alabama. The percentage of people below poverty level for Jefferson County is 16.2% while it is 17.6% for the state of Alabama. The 2010 U.S. Census also found that 29.0% of Jefferson County residents aged 25 or older attained a bachelor's degree compared to 22.0% in Iowa
About District 6
District 6 is one of nine single member electoral districts on the Birmingham City School Board. It is home to two schools: Hemphill Elementary (K-5) and Booker T. Washington K-8 (K-8). District 6 primarily includes the West End of Birmingham.
- Marissa Mitchell, ABC 3340, "Qualifying candidates for Birmingham mayoral, city council, school board races," July 12, 2013
- Kent Faulk, AL.com, "Birmingham group: state should be ordered to get federal approval to override city school board votes," June 22, 2013
- Fox 6 WBRC "School lobby, Birmingham BOE members file lawsuit against state board" February 14, 2013
- Sherea Harris and Brianne Britzius, Fox 6 WBRC, "State will take over Birmingham schools starting Wednesday," July 3, 2012
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Cite error: Invalid
- Birmingham City Schools, "History of the Birmingham City Schools" accessed July 16, 2013
- United States Census Bureau, "Guide to 2010 Census State and Local Geography - Alabama," accessed August 13, 2013
- United States Census Bureau, "Jefferson County Quick Facts," accessed August 13, 2013
- Alabama Secretary of State, "Elections Information," accessed August 14, 2013
- Birmingham City Schools. "District 6 schools". Birmingham City Schools. http://bcs.schoolwires.net/Page/425. Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
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