Judy Chu

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Judy Chu
Judy Chu.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 27
Incumbent
In office
2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorHilda Solis (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.21 in 2012
First electedJuly 14, 2009
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,971,493
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Assembly
2001-2006
Monterey Park City Council
1988-2001
Board of Education, Garvey School District
1985-1988
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of California, Los Angeles
Ph.D.California School of Professional Psychology
Personal
BirthdayJuly 7, 1953
Place of birthLos Angeles, California
ProfessionCollege Professor
Net worth$2,212,519
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Judy May Chu (b. July 7, 1953, in Los Angeles, CA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 27th Congressional District. Chu was first elected to the House in a special election on July 14, 2009.

Chu most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 27th District. She defeated Jack Orswell (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1] She was displaced from her former district, the 32nd, by redistricting.[2]

Chu began her political career in the California State Assembly, where she served from 2001 to 2006.

Chu is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Jack Orswell (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, and will face off in the general election.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Chu is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Chu was born in Los Angeles, California. She earned her B.A. from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1974 and her PhD from the California School of Professional Psychology in 1979.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Chu's academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Chu serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Chu served on the following committees:[5]

  • Judiciary Committee
    • Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
    • Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet
  • Small Business Committee
    • Subcommittee on Contracting and Workforce Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Tax and Capital Access
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture, Energy and Trade

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Chu's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Neutral/Abstain Chu did not vote on HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Chu voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Chu voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Chu voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Chu joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Chu voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Chu voted for HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Nay3.png Chu voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[22]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Chu voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Chu voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Chu voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Chu voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Judy Chu's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Chu is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Chu received a score of 68 percent on social issues and 7 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Neutral
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[30][31] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Chu was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[30][31]

Campaign themes

2014

Chu's campaign website lists the following issues:[32]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "Since being elected to Congress in the midst of one of the worst economic crises in our nation's history, Judy Chu has maintained a laser-like focus on creating jobs, stimulating economic development and assisting small businesses to not only survive, but to thrive as we emerge from the Great Recession."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Judy Chu is proud to have cast her vote in favor of the historic Affordable Care Act, the most sweeping reform to our nation’s health care system since the passage of Medicare in the 1960s."
  • Education
Excerpt: "Having taught for twenty years in the Los Angeles Community College system before coming to Congress, Judy Chu knows firsthand about the challenge every schoolteacher faces while balancing quality education with shrinking budgets."
  • Transportation
Excerpt: "The San Gabriel Valley has six major freeways cutting through its geographical boundaries. And because of the area's tremendous population growth, most of those freeways have reached their capacity and are jammed with commuters during peak hours."
  • Environment and Clean Energy
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Chu continues to fight to protect our environment by supporting clean-up efforts of our local air and water resources. She is standing up against attempts by the majority in Congress to undo the Clean Air and Water Acts, and is a big proponent of clean and renewable energy, which not only helps us become more energy independent, but also creates new jobs."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 27th Congressional District elections, 2014

Chu is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Jack Orswell (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, unopposed.[33] They will face off in the general election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, California District 27 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Judy Chu Incumbent 0% 0
     Republican Jack Orswell 0% 0
Total Votes 0

2012

See also: California's 27th Congressional District elections, 2012

Chu won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 27th District as a Democrat.[1] She was displaced from her former district, the 32nd, by redistricting. She and Jack Orswell (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Bob Duran (R). Chu then defeated Orswell in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34][35]

U.S. House, California District 27 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJudy Chu Incumbent 64% 154,191
     Republican Jack Orswell 36% 86,817
Total Votes 241,008
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 27 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJudy Chu (D) Incumbent 57.8% 50,203
Green check mark transparent.pngJack Orswell (R) 24% 20,868
Bob Duran (R) 18.2% 15,819
Total Votes 86,890

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Chu attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Chu is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Chu raised a total of $3,971,493 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[38]

Judy Chu's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 27) Won $1,468,072
2010 US House (California, District 32) Won $2,503,421
Grand Total Raised $3,971,493


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Chu's reports.[39]

Judy Chu (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2013$1,256,637.83$73,487.10$(67,084.84)$1,262,940.09
July Quarterly[41]July 15, 2013$1,262,940.09$78,394.00$(75,980.40)$1,265,353.69
October Quarterly[42]October 15, 2013$1,265,353.69$143,477.00$(74,952.36)$1,333,878.33
Year-End[43]January 31, 2014$1,333,878$241,976$(97,365)$1,478,489
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2014$1,478,489$82,460$(87,755)$1,473,195
Pre-Primary[45]May 22, 2014$1,473,195$50,368$(31,358)$1,492,204
July Quarterly[46]July 14, 2014$1,492,204$35,860$(39,822)$1,488,241
October Quarterly[47]October 15, 2014$1,488,241$303,443$(126,910)$1,664,774
Running totals
$1,009,465.1$(601,227.6)

2012

Chu won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Chu's campaign committee raised a total of $1,468,072 and spent $803,348.[48] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[49]

Cost per vote

Chu spent $5.21 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Chu won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Chu's campaign committee raised a total of $2,503,421 and spent $1,860,357.[50]

Her top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Chu's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,075,039 and $3,349,999. That averages to $2,212,519, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Chu ranked as the 142nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[51] Between 2008 and 2012, Chu's calculated net worth[52] increased by an average of 539 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[53]

Judy Chu Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2008$98,114
2012$2,212,519
Growth from 2008 to 2012:2,155%
Average annual growth:539%[54]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[55]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Chu received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 2009-2014, 20.53 percent of Chu's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[56]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Judy Chu Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $4,676,266
Total Spent $3,138,024
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$259,120
Lawyers/Law Firms$216,048
Building Trade Unions$184,800
Public Sector Unions$158,000
Real Estate$142,300
% total in top industry5.54%
% total in top two industries10.16%
% total in top five industries20.53%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Chu is a "far-left Democrat" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Chu received in June 2013.[57]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[58]

Chu most often votes with:

Chu least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Chu missed 112 of 3,785 roll call votes from July 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Chu paid her congressional staff a total of $885,521 in 2011. She ranked 23rd on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 126th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Chu tied for 1st in the liberal rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Chu ranked 55th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[62]

2011

Chu was 1 of 19 members of congress who ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Chu voted with the Democratic Party 95.8 percent of the time, which ranked 9th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[64]

2013

Chu voted with the Democratic Party 97.0 percent of the time, which ranked 23rd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Chu has a husband, Mike Eng.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Judy + Chu + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Judy Chu News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Judy Chu

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN, "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed December 1, 2012
  2. "Judy Chu announces plans to run for new San Gabriel Valley congressional district," PasadenaStarNews.com, August 8, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CHU, Judy, (1953 - )," accessed August 1, 2011
  4. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. U.S. Congresswoman Judy Chu, Serving California's 32nd District, "Biography," accessed August 1, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Judy Chu Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  32. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed April 22, 2014
  33. The New York Times, "California Primary Results," June 3, 2014
  34. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  35. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012 (dead link)
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. California Secretary of State special election results, accessed April 22, 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Judy Chu," accessed March 22, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu Pre-Primary," accessed June 3, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Judy Chu October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  48. Open Secrets, "Judy Chu 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Judy Chu 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 12, 2011
  51. OpenSecrets, "Judy Chu (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  53. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  55. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  56. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Judy Chu," accessed September 22, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Judy Chu," accessed July 21, 2014
  58. OpenCongress, "Judy Chu," accessed July 18, 2014
  59. GovTrack, "Judy Chu," accessed July 21, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Judy Chu," accessed August 21, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Hilda Solis
U.S. House of Representatives - California
2009-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
California State Assembly
2001-2006
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Monterrey Park City Council
1988-2001
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Board of Education, Garvey School District
1985-1988
Succeeded by
'