Kay Hagan

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Kay Hagan
Kay Hagan.jpg
U.S. Senate, North Carolina
Former senator
In office
January 3, 2009-January 3, 2015
PredecessorElizabeth Dole (R)
Elections and appointments
Last election November 4, 2014
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
North Carolina State Senator from the 27th District
North Carolina State Senator from the 32nd District
Bachelor'sFlorida State University
J.D.Wake Forest University
Date of birthMay 26, 1953
Place of birthShelby, North Carolina
ProfessionAttorney, Banker
Net worth(2012) $17,833,270
Kay Ruthven Hagan (b. May 26, 1953, in Shelby, NC) was a Democratic member of the United States Senate from North Carolina. She was first elected to the Senate in 2008 and served one term.[1]

Hagan lost her 2014 bid for re-election to Thom Tillis (R).[2][3]

Hagan is a potential candidate in North Carolina's 2016 senate race.[4]

Prior to being elected to the Senate, Hagan was a member of the North Carolina State Senate from 1999 to 2009.[1]


Hagan was born in Shelby, North Carolina. She spent much of her childhood in Lakeland, Florida, where her father was mayor.[5] Her uncle was former Florida Senator and Governor Lawton Chiles.[5] She earned a B.A. from Florida State University in 1975 and a Juris Doctor from Wake Forest University in 1978.[1]


Prior to beginning her political career, Hagan worked in the financial industry. During this time she became a vice president of North Carolina's largest bank, NCNB (North Carolina National Bank), which is now a part of Bank of America.[6] Before entering electoral politics on her own, she was a county campaign manager for Governor Jim Hunt's campaign for governor.[5] Hagan served in the North Carolina State Senate from 1999 to 2009 and in the United States Senate from 2009 to 2015.

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Hagan served on the following committees:[7]


Hagan served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[9] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Hagan's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Hagan voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[11]


Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[12] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Hagan voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[13]

Hagan said that she planned to donate the pay she made over the course of the shutdown.[14]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Hagan voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[15]

Cash for Clunkers

Yea3.png Hagan voted for the “Cash for Clunkers” bill.[16]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Hagan voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[17]

Hagan was also one of only five Democrats to vote against the DREAM Act. The bill ultimately failed in the Senate, which the Los Angeles Times said would likely derail "any attempt at sweeping immigration reform in Congress for the foreseeable future."[18]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Hagan voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[19]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Hagan voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[20]


On The Issues Vote Match

Kay Hagan's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Hagan is a Moderate Liberal Populist. Hagan received a score of 53 percent on social issues and 28 percent on economic issues.[21]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[22]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[21] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Political positions

Gay marriage

On March 27, 2013, Hagan posted a message on Facebook, giving her position on gay marriage, saying, "Marriage equality is a complex issue with strong feelings on both sides, and I have a great deal of respect for varying opinions on the issue. After much thought and prayer, I have come to my own personal conclusion that we shouldn’t tell people who they can love or who they can marry."[23]


Regarding her stance on abortion, Hagan stated, "I am a strong supporter of a woman's right to choose...I would like to see abortions be safe, legal, and rare. These decisions are best made privately by a woman in consultation with her doctor."[24]


In December 2009, Hagan voted for the Affordable Care Act.[25] The Washington Post's Dana Milbank argued that Senator Hagan destabilized her own Senate lead because she had difficulty communicating her support of Obamacare to her own constituents. During a phone call with her constituents, Senator Hagan fumbled the explanation of her support for the ACA by getting caught in abstractions and unclear thoughts.[26]


Hagan voted to expand background checks for gun purchasers.[27] Hagan received an 'F' rating from the National Rifle Association.[28]



See also: United States Senate election in North Carolina, 2016

After losing a close race for re-election to the Senate in 2014, Hagan is considered to be a potential Democratic candidate for North Carolina's Class III U.S. Senate seat in 2016. The seat is currently held by Sen. Richard Burr (R). When asked about the possibility, Hagan did not rule it out, stating, "I am not making any decisions right now."[29]


In December 2014, Public Policy Polling released their first poll matching up Burr against potential challengers for his U.S. Senate seat in 2016. Hagan was included in the poll, along with North Carolina Treasurer Janet Cowell and United States Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx.[30]

Potential match-up: Richard Burr vs. Kay Hagan
Poll Richard Burr (R) Kay Hagan (D)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
December 4-7, 2014
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


See also: United States Senate elections in North Carolina, 2014

Hagan ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. Senate, to represent North Carolina. Hagan won the Democratic primary election on May 6, 2014, but lost to Thom Tillis (R) in the general election.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. Senate, North Carolina General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Kay Hagan Incumbent 47.3% 1,377,651
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngThom Tillis 48.8% 1,423,259
     Libertarian Sean Haugh 3.7% 109,100
     Write-in John Rhodes 0% 621
     Write-in David Waddell 0% 201
     Write-in Barry Gurney 0% 142
     Write-in Write-in (miscellaneous) 0.1% 4,307
Total Votes 2,915,281
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections
U.S. Senate, North Carolina Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKay Hagan Incumbent 77.2% 372,209
Will Stewart 13.9% 66,903
Ernest Reeves 9% 43,257
Total Votes 482,369
Source: Results via the North Carolina State Board of Elections

Race background

The FiscalTimes compiled a list of the seven most vulnerable Senate seats up for election in 2014. The seven included in the list were: Alaska, Arkansas, Iowa, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Dakota and West Virginia. Going into the 2014 election, all seven seats were held by Democrats.[31]

According to an April 2013 Politico report, Hagan had already raised $1.6 million and had $2.7 million cash on hand.[32]

Democrat Hagan was "swept into office with the aid of presidential turnout in 2008."[31] However, in 2014, there was no presidential race above her on the ballot and turnout was expected to be down. These factors, along with her middling approval rating and the midterm dynamics, made this race a toss-up.[31]

Distance from Obama

Hagan declined to attend ceremonies for President Barack Obama's January 2014 visit to North Carolina, deciding instead to remain in Washington for Senate votes. Pundits questioned whether Hagan was attempting to distance herself from the President, whose popularity in North Carolina waned significantly after he won the state in his 2008 presidential bid. Hagan lost a difficult re-election challenge in 2014. Polls from early 2014 showed her in a "dead heat" with possible Republican opponents.[33]


Hagan was endorsed by Vice President Joe Biden, who campaigned for her in November 2013. He praised her as being able to work with Republicans, saying "The only way to break through this gridlock is with people who can earn the trust of people on the other team. That's why she's so valuable."[34]


Sen. Hagan was a participant in an NYC event with pro-choice advocacy group, EMILY's List. During the 2014 election cycle, the group began holding events focusing on electing more women to office.[35]

General election debate: Hagan vs. Tillis

September 3, 2014, marked the first debate between Hagan and Republican challenger Thom Tillis. Both candidates sought to appear moderate while accusing each other of being too radical. While Hagan accused Tillis of having a bad voting record on women's issues, Tillis argued in favor of making contraceptives more available to women, saying, "I actually agree with the American Medical Association that we should make contraception more widely available. I think over-the-counter oral contraception should be available without a prescription."[36] At the same time, Tillis attempted to associate Hagan with President Barack Obama and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid. In response, Hagan distanced herself from both Democratic leaders, emphasizing that National Journal had ranked her as the most moderate senator and disagreeing with Obama on issues dealing with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Hagan stated, "Action is needed. I believe that we need to work with the moderate Syrian rebels. … I want to see the president’s plans, and I’m ready to take action."[36]

Ethics complaints

Hagan and challenger Thom Tillis (R) filed ethics complaints against each other in the month leading up to the 2014 general election. Tillis accused Hagan of helping her husband's company, JDC Manufacturing, receive $390,000 in tax credits and grants. According to the complaint, Hagan voted for the 2009 stimulus law that provided the money to Chip Hagan's company. The Republican Party of North Carolina filed the complaint with the Senate Ethics Committee, asking that they investigate whether Hagan's actions constituted a conflict of interest. Republican Party Chairman Claude Pope wrote, "The Committee needs to investigate whether Senator Hagan steered taxpayer funds to her husband for her own personal gain in violation of the Senate Ethics rules and the public trust."[37] Hagan denied helping her husband's company receive the grants, and her spokeswoman added that Hagan "made sure that a respected ethics attorney was consulted to ensure that it was appropriate, and the attorney found that it was."[37]

Hagan retaliated by calling for another ethics investigation against Tillis, arguing that Tillis voted for Recovery Act tax credits out of personal self-interest. Tillis owned stock in Aquesta Bank, which benefited from over $1 million in tax credits from the program. Forward North Carolina, a pro-Democratic group, decided to file a complaint with the North Carolina's state ethics commission. Spokesman Ben Ray stated, "Speaker Tillis should come clean about his investments and his votes to benefit Aquesta Bank and his personal bottom line."[37]


  • The Senate Majority PAC spent close to $750,000 in December 2013 on an ad supporting Hagan's work to protect Medicare and Social Security.[38]
  • As part of a $3 million offensive effort against the billionaire Koch brothers in early 2014, the Senate Majority PAC released "Bracket" on March 26, 2014.[39]
    • The ad was March Madness-themed, and alleged that while Hagan challenger Thom Tillis (R) had been Speaker of the North Carolina House, he backed tax cuts for the wealthy, and would support a plan to “end Medicare as we know it.”[39]
  • Crossroads GPS released a campaign ad in May 2014 accusing Hagan of lying about Obamacare.[40]
  • Generation Opportunity released a campaign ad against Hagan in June 2014 geared toward college graduates.[41]

"Count on:" Ad supporting Kay Hagan

Senate Majority PAC's March 2014 ad, "Bracket."

Ad attacking Kay Hagan on Obamacare

Crossroads GPS ad attacking Kay Hagan on Obamacare

Generation Opportunity ad attacking Hagan on spending and Obamacare


On November 4, 2008, Hagan was elected to the United States Senate. She defeated Elizabeth Dole (R), Christopher Cole (Libertarian) and the write-in candidates.[42]

Hagan was helped by Barack Obama's push for North Carolina's electoral votes and by political action groups lobbying on her behalf.[43][44][45] The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee spent more in North Carolina than in any other state during the election season.[45]

U.S. Senate, North Carolina General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngKay Hagan Incumbent 52.7% 2,249,311
     Republican Elizabeth Dole 44.2% 1,887,510
     Libertarian Christopher Cole 3.1% 133,430
     Write-in Write-in 0% 1,719
Total Votes 4,271,970

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Hagan attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Hagan is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Hagan raised a total of $8,557,412 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 23, 2013.[46]

Kay Hagan's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (North Carolina) Won $8,557,412
Grand Total Raised $8,557,412

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Hagan’s reports.[47]


Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from OpenSecrets.org, Hagan ranked sixth on the list with $70,300 in lobbyist contributions.[57]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Hagan's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-3,848,388 and $51,987,970. That averages to $24,069,791, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Hagan ranked as the 9th most wealthy senator in 2012.[58] Between 2007 and 2012, Hagan's calculated net worth[59] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

Kay Hagan Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2007 to 2012:3%
Average annual growth:1%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Hagan received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2007-2014, 18.33 percent of Hagan's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Kay Hagan Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $25,224,557
Total Spent $16,495,254
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,202,617
Women's Issues$915,213
Leadership PACs$733,100
Securities & Investment$619,028
% total in top industry4.77%
% total in top two industries9.34%
% total in top five industries18.33%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Hagan was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014.[64] This was the same rating Hagan received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Hagan most often voted with:

Hagan least often voted with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Hagan missed 18 of 1,713 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[66]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Hagan paid her congressional staff a total of $2,947,537 in 2011. She ranked 12th on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 14th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, North Carolina ranked 34th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[67]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Hagan ranked 49th in the conservative rankings in 2013. Although Hagan is a member of Democratic Party, her voting record was more moderate, and National Journal ranked her as the 49th most conservative, or 51st most liberal Senator.[68]


Hagan ranked 48th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[69]


Hagan ranked 32nd in the liberal rankings in 2011.[70]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Hagan voted with the Democratic Party 83.2 percent of the time, which ranked 48th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.[71]


Hagan voted with the Democratic Party 80.2 percent of the time, which ranked 49th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[72]


Hagan and her husband Chip have three children.[73]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Kay + Hagan + North Carolina + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Kay Hagan News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HAGAN, Kay, (1953 - )," accessed November 5, 2011
  2. Greensboro News and Record, "Sen. Hagan facing powerful GOP force in 2014," accessed June 24, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 Politico, "North Carolina Senate Election Results," accessed November 5, 2014
  4. Roll Call, "Democrats Prep North Carolina Contingency Plan," March 13, 2015
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 US News, "10 Things You Didn't Know About Kay Hagan," November 8, 2008
  6. Kay Hagan for U.S. Senate, "Kay's Story - About Kay," accessed November 5, 2011 (dead link)
  7. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  8. Kay Hagan, United States Senator for North Carolina, "About Kay - Committee Assignments," accessed November 5, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  12. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  13. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  16. Rocky Mountain Telegram, "Hagan’s voting record sets her up for plenty of opposition in 2014," December 6, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Los Angeles Times, "Dream Act's failure in Senate derails immigration agenda," December 19, 2010
  19. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 On The Issues, "Kay Hagan Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  22. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  23. Washington Post, "Kay Hagan becomes latest senator to endorse gay marriage," accessed August 2014
  24. Forbes, "Which Of the 20 Woman Senators Could Be The First Female President of the U.S.," accessed November 5, 2014
  25. News Observer, "US Sen. Kay Hagan banks on women's vote," May 17, 2014
  26. Washington Post, "Dana Milbank: A call for help from Democrats after Obamacare," November 12, 2013
  27. Huffington Post, "Mary Landrieu, Kay Hagan Face Better 2014 Prospects Following Gun Vote," May 2, 2013
  28. Washington Post, "Where the Senate stands on guns — in one chart," December 17, 2012
  29. Charlotte Observer, "Sen. Kay Hagan says President Obama should have praised economy during campaign," accessed December 8, 2014
  30. Public Policy Polling, "Burr, McCrory start out with modest leads," accessed December 11, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Fiscal Times, "7 Senate Seats Most at Risk—Hint: They’re All Blue," accessed February 15, 2013
  32. Politico, "Red-state Democrats raise millions," accessed April 18, 2013
  33. Washington Post, "Hagan won’t attend Obama N.C. event," accessed January 15, 2014
  34. CNN Politics, "Biden campaigns for vulnerable Senate Democrat," November 15, 2013
  35. Politico, "Allyson Schwartz, Kay Hagan to EMILY’s list event," accessed October 22, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 Politico, "Kay Hagan, Thom Tillis spar in first debate," accessed September 4, 2014
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Politico, "Kay Hagan, Thom Tillis file rival ethics complaints," accessed October 7, 2014
  38. Roll Call, "Democratic Super PAC Drops Major Buy in North Carolina," December 5, 2013
  39. 39.0 39.1 The Hill, "Dem super-PAC hits Kochs in La., NC," accessed March 27, 2014
  40. YouTube, "Crossroads GPS: 'Deceiving' NC," accessed May 23, 2014
  41. YouTube, "Tell Sen. Kay Hagan to Stop Spending Our Generation's Future," accessed June 12, 2014
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed November 5, 2011
  43. Economist,"Scrambling the red states," October 23, 2008
  44. News Observer, "Obama coattails for Hagan?," November 4, 2008
  45. 45.0 45.1 American Prospect, "Is the Southern Strategy Dead?," October 24, 2008
  46. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Kay Hagan," April 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan Summary Report," accessed August 3, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan April Quarterly," accessed August 3, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan July Quarterly," accessed August 3, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan Year-End Quarterly," accessed November 25, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan April Quarterly," accessed May 8, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan Pre-Primary," accessed November 3, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan July Quarterly," accessed November 3, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan October Quarterly," accessed November 3, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Kay Hagan Pre-General," accessed November 3, 2014
  57. Open Secrets, "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013
  58. OpenSecrets, "Hagan, (D-NC), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Kay R. Hagan," accessed September 18, 2014
  64. GovTrack, "Kay Hagan," accessed July 24, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Kay Hagan," accessed July 24, 2014
  66. GovTrack, "Kay Hagan," accessed July 24, 2014
  67. LegiStorm, "Kay Hagan," accessed August 17, 2012
  68. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 24, 2014
  69. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  70. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  71. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  72. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  73. Kay Hagan for U.S. Senate, "About Kay - Family," accessed November 5, 2011 (dead link)
Political offices
Preceded by
Elizabeth Dole
United States Senate - North Carolina
Succeeded by
Thom Tillis
Preceded by
John Garwood
North Carolina State Senate - District 27
Succeeded by
Don Vaughan
Preceded by
John Blust
North Carolina State Senate - District 32
Succeeded by
Linda Garrou