Counties in Kentucky
Kentucky has 120 counties.
Types of local government
Local government in Kentucky consists of:
- Counties: the state is divided into 120 counties.
- Cities: there are 418 cities in Kentucky. Cities are divided into classes according to population.
- First Class: 100,000 or more
- Second Class: 20,000 to 99,999
- Third Class: 8,000 to 19,999
- Fourth class: 3,000-7,999
- Fifth Class: 1,000 to 2,999
- Sixth Class: Less than 1,000
- The cities have different powers according to their class, but none of them can adopt a charter. However, all cities have limited Home rule powers under Kentucky Revised Statute 82.082.
- Cities and Counties also have the option of consolidating governments under one of the forms provided by state law.
- Louisville-Jefferson operates as a Consolidated Local Government under Kentucky Revised Statute 67C.
- Lexington-Fayette operates as an Urban County Government under Kentucky Revised Statute 67A and the local charter created during the merger process.
- Consolidation may also occur as a Charter County under Kentucky Revised Statute 67.825 to 67.875, or as a Unified Local Government under 67.900 to 67.940.
- In addition, there are 604 special districts and 174 independent school districts.
Initiative process availability
An initiative process is not mentioned explicitly, but seems to be prohibited by Kentucky Revised Statute Section 83A.120 below. The process for referendum is allowed, but is restricted to the limited issues which are established in Section 60 of the Constitution below.
County website evaluations
- See also: Evaluation of Kentucky county websites
As of 2009:
- Only 13 of the 120 counties posted their budgets online; an additional three had some budget information posted.
- 34 counties included information on their websites about public government meetings, with 22 providing partial information.
- 91 included information about the county's elected officials, and an additional 29 had partial information.
- 107 included information about the county's administrative officials, with an additional eight providing partial information.
- 22 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county, with an additional 15 providing partial information.
- Nine of the counties put information on their websites about audits that the county government has had performed, with an additional one providing partial information.
- Five counties gave information about their contracts with vendors, with an additional 14 providing partial information.
- Zero county websites disclosed whether the counties belonged to any government sector lobbying associations, with one providing partial information.
- 73 counties provided information on how to request public records using the Kentucky Open Records Act.
- 33 county websites provided some information about county taxes, with an additional six providing partial information.
Counties without websites
As of December 2011, nine of Kentucky's 120 counties had no website.
List of counties
- National Association of Counties Website "County Seats," accessed September 10, 2013
- Kentucky League of Cities, 2012 Classification of Cities Document
- Kentucky Revised Statute 82.082
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- Kentucky League of Cities, Merger Options for Kentucky Local Governments
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
Portions of this article have been taken and modified from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia under the GNU license.
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