|U.S. House, Michigan, District 11|
|Predecessor||David Curson (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Bachelor's||St. Mary’s College|
|Service branch||Michigan Army National Guard|
|Date of birth||Oct. 6, 1951|
|Place of birth||Detroit, Michigan|
|Net worth||(2012) $654,016|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 4.7 Government affairs
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Bentivolio lost his bid for re-election to Michigan's 11th District to Dave Trott in the Republican primary on August 5, 2014. Despite this loss, Bentivolio declared his intent to run as a write-in candidate in September of 2014. On October 3, 2014, he officially filed to run as a write-in candidate for the general election. His official reason stated that he wanted to help bolster support for Republicans in the district. He was defeated by David Trott (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
Upon graduating from high school, Bentivolio enlisted into the U.S. Army as an Infantry rifleman in Vietnam from 1970 through 1971. After his honorable discharge, he earned his associate degree in Liberal Arts from Oakland Community College. He then transferred to Michigan State University, where he obtained his B.A. degree and M.A. in Education. He was a design engineer in the automotive industry for more than 20 years. He also served with the military police during Desert Storm. He and his wife, Karen, have lived in Milford, since 1982.
The following is a list of Bentivolio's career highlights.
- 2013-2015: U.S. House of Representatives, Michigan's 11th Congressional District
- 1970-1971: Served, United States Army
- 2007: Served, Artillery Unit, United States Military Police
- Design Engineer, Automotive Industry
- Served, Michigan Army National Guard
- Social Studies Teacher
Bentivolio served on the following committees:
- Oversight and Government Reform Committee
- Small Business Committee
- Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation, and Regulatory Affairs
- Subcommittee on National Security, Homeland Defense and Foreign Operations
- United States House Committee on Small Business
- Subcommittee on Contracting and the Workforce
- Subcommittee on Investigations, Oversight and Investigations
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Bentivolio's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Bentivolio voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Bentivolio voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Bentivolio voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Bentivolio voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Bentivolio joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Bentivolio voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Bentivolio voted against HR 2775.
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Bentivolio voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Bentivolio voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Bentivolio voted for HR 5272 - Prohibits the Use of Federal Funds for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Program. The bill passed the House on August 1, 2014, with a vote of 216 - 192. The bill would prohibit any federal agency from using funds after July 30, 2014 to consider applications for any undocumented immigrant requesting deferred action, to authorize deferred action, or to authorize undocumented immigrants to work in the U.S. The vote was largely along party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Bentivolio voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Bentivolio voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans—Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit. Bentivolio joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Bentivolio is a Hard-Core Conservative. Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.
Below are several campaign issues which were highlighted on Bentivolio's campaign website.
- Economic Solutions
Excerpt: "Cut the Bureaucracy and Regulations to allow American innovation will get us out of this recession. We all know that a Washington bureaucrat won’t pick the next Henry Ford or Steve Jobs... We need to cut taxes now. Our high taxes make it cheaper to do business in foreign countries at times... Government bureaucrats should not be allowed to gamble our money on their friends’ businesses. That is exactly what the current administration did with Solyndra, and it cost taxpayers more than five hundred million dollars."
Excerpt: "I wholeheartedly oppose Obamacare, and would repeal it."
- Balancing the Budget
Excerpt: "The debt crisis facing the United States is one of the most preventable calamities that our nation has ever faced. To force the career politicians to finally act, I strongly support a Balanced Budget Amendment and will co-sponsor such an amendment."
Excerpt: "Any immigration reform must begin with securing the border and stopping the flow of those who are coming into this country illegally... We should offer no amnesty to illegal immigrants, which amounts to condoning illegality."
- Our Constitutional Republic
Excerpt: "As a Congressman, I will scrutinize legislation that abuses the commerce power or other federal powers. I will seek to return more power to the States and to the people. I will seek to return power to the states, and to the people, where it belongs. And, I will do all possible to persuade the Senate to vet judicial candidates carefully to ensure they understand and appreciate the limits of federal power under the 10th Amendment."
Impeachment of President Obama
During an August 2013 town hall meeting, Bentivolio told constituents that he had consulted lawyers regarding presidential impeachment laws. Although he concluded there was not enough evidence, he stated, "If I could write that bill, it’d be a dream come true. But because he is president, I have to respect the office. That’s my job as a congressman."
Bentivolio ran for re-election to Michigan's 11th District in 2014, but lost to Dave Trott in the Republican primary on August 5, 2014. Bentivolio trailed in the polls leading up to the primary election. Bentivolio had however officially filed to run as a write-in candidate in the general election. He was defeated by David Trott (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
|U.S. House, Michigan District 11 Republican Primary, 2014|
|Kerry Bentivolio Incumbent||33.6%||21,254|
|Source: Michigan Secretary of State|
|Kerry Bentivolio vs. Dave Trott|
|Poll||Kerry Bentivolio||Dave Trott||Undecided||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
|National Research Inc.|
(June 22-23, 2014)
|WXYZ/Detroit Free Press|
(July 12-13, 2014)
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to email@example.com|
Campaign manager troubles
David Wolkinson, Bentivolio's 2014 campaign manager, left the campaign in the midst of the primary battle against businessman David Trott.
Bentivolio's 2012 campaign manager, Robert Dindoffer, sued Bentivolio in early 2014 for money Dindoffer believed was owed to him.
- Tea Party Express
Bentivolio won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Michigan's 11th District. He defeated write-in candidate Nancy Cassis in the Republican primary. He then defeated Syed Taj (D), John Tatar (L), Steven Paul Duke (G) and Daniel Johnson (NLP) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Michigan District 11 General Election, 2012|
|Green||Steven Paul Duke||1.3%||4,569|
|Write-in||James Van Gilder||0%||14|
|Source: Michigan Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
According to the Detroit Free Press, Bentivolio began airing television ads in late June to thwart a write-in campaign by former state Sen. Nancy Cassis, who entered the race as a write-in candidate at the behest of Republican leaders in Oakland and Wayne counties.
Bentivolio was endorsed by the organizations and individuals below.
- Governor Rick Snyder
- Lt. Gov Brian Calley
- Michigan Republican Chairman Bobby Schostak
- Michigan Republican Coalitions Vice-Chair Victor Diaz
- Michigan Republican Youth Vice-Chair Sarah Ledford
- Ambassador Ron Weiser
- Senator Rand Paul
- Senator Rick Santorum
- Congressman and U.S. Senate candidate Peter Hoekstra
- Congresswoman Candice Miller
- Congressman Justin Amash
- Congressman Dan Banishek
- Congressman Ron Paul
- FreedomWorks PAC
- Tea Party Express
- Gun Owners of America Political Victory Fund
- Young Americans for Liberty PAC
On June 26, 2012, Roll Call reported that Bentivolio had picked up the endorsement of Republican incumbent from Michigan's 3rd District Justin Amash. “Having spent time with Kerry over the last few weeks and having listened to his vision for our country, I believe that Kerry is someone we can count on to do what’s right, not just what’s easy,” Amash said in a statement released by Bentivolio’s campaign.
On July 26, 2012, Roll Call reported that Senator Rand Paul had endorsed Bentivolio. Roll Call also reported that local GOP officials were supporting former state Sen. Nancy Cassis, even though she isn't on the primary ballot, because they view her as the more viable candidate.
Bentivolio also ran in the special election to Michigan's 11th District to fill the final weeks of former Representative Thaddeus McCotter's term. He defeated Nancy Cassis, Kenneth Crider, Carolyn Kavanagh and Steve King in the special primary on September 7, 2012. He lost to David Curson (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Michigan District 11 Special Republican Primary, 2012|
According to the website Daily Kos, this race was one of nine top-ballot 2012 races that contained Libertarian candidates who received more total votes than was the difference between the Democratic winner and the GOP runner-up. In this case, John Tatar took in over 4,000 more votes than the number that separated Curson and Bentivolio.
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Bentivolio attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Bentivolio is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Bentivolio raised a total of $485,728 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.
|Kerry Bentivolio's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House (Michigan, District 11)||$485,728|
|Grand Total Raised||$485,728|
|Kerry Bentivolio (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 16, 2013||$0.00||$40,850.17||$(5,100.68)||$35,749.49|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$35,749.49||$65,491.76||$(63,480.72)||$37,760.53|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$37,760.53||$59,177.00||$(58,259.92)||$38,677.61|
|Year-End||January 31, 2014||$38,677.61||$127,165.25||$(36,633.12)||$129,209.74|
|Pre-Primary||July 16, 2014||$167,942||$9,685||$(52,486)||$125,141|
Cost per vote
Bentivolio spent $2.65 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Michigan District 11, 2012 - Kerry Bentivolio Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$485,729|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$482,219|
|Top contributors to Kerry Bentivolio's campaign committee|
|Credit Union National Assn||$10,000|
|Every Republican is Crucial PAC||$10,000|
|Kerr Russell & Weber Plc||$5,500|
|Automotive Free International Trade PAC||$5,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Bentivolio's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $277,032 and $1,031,000. That averages to $654,016, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $$7,614,097.96. Bentivolio ranked as the 246th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Bentivolio's calculated net worth increased by an average of 80 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Kerry Bentivolio Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||80%|
|Average annual growth:||80%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Bentivolio received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry.
From 2011-2014, 29.95 percent of Bentivolio's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Kerry Bentivolio Campaign Contributions|
|Top industry in the district||Educational services, and health care and social assistance|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|% total in top industry||10.8%|
|% total in top two industries||17.48%|
|% total in top five industries||29.95%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Bentivolio most often voted with:
Bentivolio least often voted with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Bentivolio missed 6 of 1,097 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.5 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 29, 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Bentivolio ranked 136th in the conservative rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Bentivolio voted with the Republican Party 93.2 of the time, which ranked 156th among the 233 House Republican members as of 2014.
Bentivolio voted with the Republican Party 94.9 of the time, which ranked 176th among the 233 House Republican members as of 2013.
Bentivolio is married to his wife, Karen. They and have one child.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Kerry + Bentivolio + Michigan + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from Michigan
- Michigan's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014
- Michigan's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012
- Michigan's 11th Congressional District
- Social media:
- Congressional profile at CongressMerge.com
- Summary, biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Profile at Wikipedia
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
- Kerry for Congress, "About," May 25, 2012
- Project Vote Smart, "Kerry Bentivolio's Profile," accessed October 9, 2012
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 5272 - To Prohibit Certain Actions with Respect to Deferred Action for Aliens Not Lawfully Present in the United States, and for Other Purposes - Voting Record," accessed September 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
- Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
- Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
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Cite error: Invalid
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Issues," accessed October 9, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Economic Solutions," accessed October 9, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Healthcare," accessed October 9, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Balancing Budget," accessed October 9, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Immigration," accessed October 9, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Constitutional Republic," accessed October 9, 2012
- The Washington Post, "GOP congressman: Impeaching Obama would be a ‘dream come true,’" accessed August 21, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Rep. Kerry Bentivolio’s (R-Mich.) campaign manager departs," accessed June 2, 2014
- Detroit Free Press, "Congressman Kerry Bentivolio picks up Tea Party Express endorsement," February 19, 2014
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, Michigan," accessed August 1, 2012
- Associated Press, "2012 primary results," accessed August 7, 2012
- Detroit Free Press, "Republican in 11th Congressional district makes TV ad buy" July 3, 2012
- Kerry Bentivolio, "Endorsements," accessed October 9, 2012
- Roll Call, "Freshman Amash backs Kerry Bentivolio," July 6, 2012
- Roll Call, "Bentivolio nabs Rand Paul endorsement," July 28, 2012
- Daily Tribune, "Bentivolio wins special Mich. US House GOP primary," September 6, 2012
- Daily Kos, "Libertarians provided the margin for Democrats and at least nine elections," November 15, 2012
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Kerry Bentivolio," accessed May 16, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio Summary Report," accessed July 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio April Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio Year-End," accessed February 10, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Kerry Bentivolio Pre-Primary Report," accessed April 21, 2014
- Open Secrets, " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Bentivolio, (R-MI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Kerry Bentivolio," accessed September 15, 2014
- GovTrack, "Kerry Bentivolio," accessed June 4, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Kerry Bentivolio," accessed July 29, 2014
- GovTrack, "Kerry Bentivolio," accessed July 29, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Vote Smart Project, "Kerry Bentivolio's Profile," accessed October 9, 2012
David Curson (D)
|U.S. House - Michigan District 11
| Succeeded by|
David Trott (R)