LGBT issues on the ballot

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LGBT issues on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) people. Major topics include same-sex marriage, domestic partnerships (see marriage and family), and discrimination.


Ballot measures lists



  1. California Proposition 6, the Briggs Initiative (1978)


  1. Colorado No Protected Status for Sexual Orientation Amendment, Initiative 2 (1992)


  1. Florida Definition of Marriage, Amendment 2 (2008)


  1. Idaho Marriage Definition, HJR 2 (2006)
  2. Idaho State Policies Regarding Homosexuality Initiative, Initiative 1 (1994)


  1. Maine Civil Rights and Prevent Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation, Question 6 (2000)
  2. Maine Limiting Protected Classifications, Question 1 (1995)
  3. Maine Reject Extension of Civil Rights Protections Regardless of Sexual Orientation, Question 1 (2005)
  4. Maine Repeal of Ban Against Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Question 1 (1998)
  5. Maine Same-Sex Marriage People's Veto, Question 1 (2009)


  1. Michigan Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2016)


  1. Missouri Marriage Definition, Amendment 2 (August 2004)


  1. Montana Definition of Marriage, CI-96 (2004)


  1. Oklahoma Definition of Marriage, State Question 711 (2004)


  1. Oregon Government Cannot Classify Based on Homosexuality, Measure 13 (1994)
  2. Oregon Government Must Discourage Homosexuality, Measure 9 (1992)
  3. Oregon Prohibition of Public School Instruction on Homosexual Behaviors, Measure 9 (2000)
  4. Oregon Revoke Governor’s Authority to Ban Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Measure 8 (1988)

South Dakota

  1. South Dakota Marriage Definition, Amendment C (2006)


  1. Texas Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2015)


  1. Washington Domestic Partners Rights and Responsibilities, Referendum 71 (2009)

Voting on LGBT Issues
Ballot Measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
Local Measures
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Measures by topic
Measures by year
Measures by state

One man and one woman?

Many marriage-related ballot measures offer definitions of marriage as a union of one man and one woman. In defining marriage in that fashion, proponents are saying that when a man and a man, or a woman and a woman, enter into a committed relationship with each other, their arrangements with each other should not legally be considered a marriage. These ballot measures are sometimes collectively referred to as Defense of Marriage Amendments or "DOMAs."

Altogether, voters in 29 states have passed state constitutional amendments that ban same-sex marriage: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin.

Hawaii voters approved a constitutional amendment empowering the legislature to outlaw same-sex marriage; that state's lawmakers then did so in 1998.

Voters in Arizona rejected an attempt to ban same-sex marriage in 2006, but voters later approved a narrower ban on same-sex marriage that did not affect civil unions or domestic partnerships.

In 2009 voters in Washington approved granting all the rights of marriage to registered domestic partners.

Not all marriage-related amendments and initiatives are about defining marriage; some of them relate to adoption, custody, divorce and other marriage-related issues.

External links