Laws governing local ballot measures in Utah

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Laws Governing Local Ballot Measures

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InitiativeHome ruleGeneral law cityCharter cityPetitionCirculation periodCirculatorPaid circulatorVolunteer circulatorCirculator affidavitSignerValid signatureForged signatureFraudulent signatureInvalid signatureElectronic petition signatureLegislative tamperingRegistered voter
Utah Constitution
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Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIXVIIIXXXXIIXXIIIXXIV
Initiative and referendum powers are available in all cities and towns of Utah. This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Utah. It explains:
  • Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
  • How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.

Types of local government

Local government in Utah consists of:

  • Counties. Utah is divided into counties. The biggest of which is Salt Lake County with a population of 1,029,655.
  • Cities. Any incorporated municipality with population of 1,000 or over is a City. Cities are organized and ranked in classes according to population by State Law.
  • Towns. A municipality with a population of under 1,000 is a town.

Municipalities can have one of five different forms of government, including a Charter form of Government. Currently Tooele City is the only city in Utah to adopt the charter form of government.[1][2]

As of September, 2012 Utah had

  • 29 counties
  • 245 cities and towns
  • In addition, there are 298 special districts and 41 independent school districts.[3][4]

School districts

See also: School bond and tax elections in Utah

Utah has a debt limit for school districts that is contained the Utah Constitution. The Constitution mandates that the total amount of revenue a school district brings in the previous year is their revenue limit the next year. Also, Utah requires an election for all bond issues. Utah uses a sinking fund to fund bond issues in relation to new construction, capital improvements, and acquiring property. Bonding in Utah cannot be used to retire debt or pay off other liabilities.

Initiative process availability

  • The initiative and referendum process is mandated and established by state law for all "general law " cities and towns.
  • The ability to amend municipal charters is established by state law.
  • There is no mention of powers of Initiative and Referendum ordinances in chartered municipalities or counties. There are currently no charter counties in Utah and there is only one charter city. The only charter city is Tooele City and it has Initiative and Referendum powers explicitly in its charter. The procedures and requirements are very similar to those of general law cities.[5][2]

Authority

Ballot Law Portal
Laws Governing Ballot Measures

Constitution

Article XI, Section 5 of the Utah Constitution establishes and governs the right to adopt and amend city charters:

Statutes

State statutes authorizing local Initiative powers:

State statutes authorizing local referendum powers:

State statutes authorizing amendment of County government:

Initiative process features

A guide to local ballot initiatives
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Local I&R Laws in the 50 States
Laws governing local ballot measures in WashingtonLaws governing local ballot measures in OregonLaws governing local ballot measures in CaliforniaLaws governing local ballot measures in NevadaLaws governing local ballot measures in ArizonaLaws governing local ballot measures in AlaskaLaws governing local ballot measures in HawaiiLaws governing local ballot measures in UtahLaws governing local ballot measures in IdahoLaws governing local ballot measures in MontanaLaws governing local ballot measures in WyomingLaws governing local ballot measures in ColoradoLaws governing local ballot measures in New MexicoLaws governing local ballot measures in TexasLaws governing local ballot measures in OklahomaLaws governing local ballot measures in KansasLaws governing local ballot measures in NebraskaLaws governing local ballot measures in South DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in North DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in MinnesotaLaws governing local ballot measures in IowaLaws governing local ballot measures in MissouriLaws governing local ballot measures in ArkansasLaws governing local ballot measures in LouisianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MississippiLaws governing local ballot measures in TennesseeLaws governing local ballot measures in AlabamaLaws governing local ballot measures in FloridaLaws governing local ballot measures in GeorgiaLaws governing local ballot measures in South CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in North CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in KentuckyLaws governing local ballot measures in VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in West VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in WisconsinLaws governing local ballot measures in IllinoisLaws governing local ballot measures in IndianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in OhioLaws governing local ballot measures in PennsylvaniaLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New YorkLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in Rhode IslandLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in MaineLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLocal I&R 50 states Map.png
Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns

Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities

List of Most Populated Cities in Utah
City[10] Population City Type Next election
Salt Lake City 189,899 General law N/A
West Valley City 131,942 General law N/A
Provo 115,321 General law N/A
West Jordan 105,675 General law N/A
Orem 90,727 General law N/A
Sancy 89,200 General law N/A
Ogden 83,949 General law N/A
St. George 74,770 General law N/A
Layton 68,495 General law N/A
Taylorsville 59,767 General law N/A

There were no additional individual city processes for initiative and referendum found as the process is fairly exhaustively provided for by State Law as shown above.

External links

References