Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
|Virginia Lieutenant Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012 FY Budget:||$323,803|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Virginia Constitution, Article V, Section 13|
|Assumed office:||January 11, 2014|
|Next election:||November 7, 2017|
|Last election:||November 5, 2013|
|Other Virginia Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 Recent news
- 12 Contact information
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
- 15 References
- See also: Current Lieutenant Governors
Under Article V, Section 13:
A Lieutenant Governor shall be elected at the same time and for the same term as the Governor, and his qualifications and the manner and ascertainment of his election, in all respects, shall be the same, except that there shall be no limit on the terms of the Lieutenant Governor.
In order to be eligible for the office of lieutenant governor, a candidate must be:
- a United States citizen
- a resident of Virginia for at least five years at the time of the election
- a qualified elector of Virginia for at least one year preceding the election
- at least 30 years old
Virginia belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in odd-numbered years that are neither presidential nor midterm years. In Virginia's case, elections are held in the year after a presidential and before a midterm; thus, 2017, 2021 and 2025 are all lieutenant gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the second Wednesday in the January after an election.
By law, lieutenant governors are elected in separate elections from governors in both the primary and general elections. This means it is possible to have a partisan split in the executive office.
In the event of a tie between two candidates or a contested election, a joint session of the legislature shall cast ballots.
Success running for governor
An April 2013 article in Governing looked at how successful lieutenant governors in all states have been in their bids for the governorship. Their research showed that since the early 1990s they made 55 attempts for the top post, of which 17 won and 38 lost—a winning percentage of 31 percent.
Virginia stood out among the states, where incumbent lieutenant governors won four of the nine races for governor since 1977. State term limits allow governors only one term in office and provide lieutenant governors with an advantage. University of Virginia political scientist Larry Sabato explained the situation, stating, "It's a part-time, poorly paid post whose occupants mainly spend their time running for governor." And due to Virginia's system, he added, "being seen as in the wings is a big plus."
To view the electoral history dating back to 2001 for the office of Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, Click [show] to expand the section.
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 7.
A vacancy in the lieutenant governor's office is filled by the governor.
The lieutenant governor serves as the president of the Virginia State Senate and is first in the line of succession to the governor; in the event the governor dies, resigns or otherwise leaves office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.
He serves as the President of the Senate but only has a vote in cases of a tie. (§ 14)
The Code of Virginia provides that the lieutenant governor is automatically a member of these state boards, commissions and councils:
- The Board of Trustees of the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation
- The Board of Trustees of the Center for Rural Virginia
- The Board of Directors of the Virginia Economic Development Partnership
- The Board of Directors of the Virginia Tourism Authority
- The Virginia Military Advisory Council
- The Commonwealth Preparedness Council
- The Council on Virginia’s Future
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
- See also: Virginia state budget and finances
The budget for the Virginia Lieutenant Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012 was $323,803.
- See also: Comparison of lieutenant gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers
See statutes: VA Code § 2.2-201 (2014)
The lieutenant governor is entitled to receive a fixed annual salary in accordance with Title 2, Chapter 2 of the Virginia Code (§ 2.2-201). The amount is set by law, pursuant to Article V, Section 14 of the Virginia Constitution:
|The Lieutenant Governor... shall receive for his services a compensation to be prescribed by law, which shall not be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected.|
As of 2010, the lieutenant governor was paid $36,321 a year, the 40th highest lieutenant gubernatorial salary in America.
There have been 39 lieutenant governors of Virginia since 1852. Of the 39 officeholders, 27 were Democrats, five were Republicans, three were Unionists, two were Conservatives, one was a Readjuster Republican coalition and one was an Independent.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1852-Present|
|1||Shelton Farrar Leake||1852 – 1856||Democratic|
|2||Elisha W. McComas||1856 – 1857||Democratic|
|3||William Lowther Jackson||1857 - 1860||Democratic|
|4||Robert Latane Montague||1860 – 1864||Democratic|
|5||Samuel Price||1864 – 1865||Democratic|
|6||Daniel Polsley||1861 – 1863||Unionist|
|7||Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper||1863 – 1865||Unionist|
|8||Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper||1865 – 1869||Unionist|
|9||John Francis Lewis||1869-1870||Republican|
|10||John Lawrence Marye, Jr.||1870-1874||Conservative|
|11||Robert Enoch Withers||1874-1875||Conservative|
|12||Henry Wirtz Thomas||1875-1878||Republican|
|13||James Alexander Walker||1878 – 1882||Democratic|
|14||John Francis Lewis||1882-1886||Readjuster Republican coalition|
|15||John Edward "Parson" Massey||1886-1890||Democratic|
|16||James Hoge Tyler||1890-1894||Democratic|
|17||Robert Craig Kent||1894-1898||Democratic|
|19||Joseph Edward Willard||1902-1906||Democratic|
|20||James Taylor Ellyson||1906-1918||Democratic|
|21||Benjamin Franklin Buchanan||1918-1922||Democratic|
|22||Junius Edgar West||1922-1930||Democratic|
|23||James Hubert Price||1930-1938||Democratic|
|24||Saxon Winston Holt||1938-1940||Democratic|
|25||William Munford Tuck||1942-1946||Democratic|
|26||Lewis Preston Collins, II||1946-1952||Democratic|
|27||Allie Edward Stokes Stephens||1952-1962||Democratic|
|28||Mills Edwin Godwin, Jr.||1962-1966||Democratic|
|29||Fred Gresham Pollard||1966-1970||Democratic|
|30||Julian Sargeant Reynolds||1970-1971||Democratic|
|31||Henry Evans Howell, Jr.||1971-1974||Independent|
|32||John Nichols Dalton||1974-1978||Republican|
|33||Charles Spittal Robb||1978-1982||Democratic|
|34||Richard Joseph Davis||1982-1986||Democratic|
|35||Lawrence Douglas Wilder||1986-1990||Democratic|
|36||Donald Sternoff Beyer, Jr.||1990-1998||Democratic|
|37||John Henry Hager||1998-2002||Republican|
|38||Timothy M. Kaine||2002-2006||Democratic|
|39||William T. Bolling||2006-2014||Republican|
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Virginia Lieutenant Governor."
- Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.
- Politico, "Recount for Virginia attorney general election possible," January 11, 2014
- Governing, "How Successful Are Lieutenant Governors Seeking the Governorship?," April 12, 2013
- About the Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
- Virginia Budget Appropriations Database, "Final Budget for the 2010-2012 Biennium," accessed April 4, 2013
- Justia.com, "VA Code § 2.2-201 (2014)," accessed February 23, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 8, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," January 31, 2014
- Office of the Lieutenant Governor Virginia, " Past Lieutenant Governors," accessed July 16, 2013
- Encyclopedia Virginia, " Lieutenant Governors of Virginia," accessed July 16, 2013