- See also: School bond and tax elections in Maine
In Maine, school districts are required to have elections to approve a budget or to issue new bonding and or bond taxes. Regional school districts have budgets set on a triennial basis (every three years) while school administrative units approve their budgets annually. New Hampshire is one of three states along with New Jersey and Connecticut requiring the annual or triennial budget to be approved by the voters. If a budget is not approved by the voters, it is up to the board to come up with another budget that will be approved by the voters. Also, Maine bans below part sale of bonds issued for public school construction. Maine allows bond issues sold at or above its normal par value.
Local measure information
The main source of information about local ballot measures in Maine is Local Government in Maine, published in 1979 by the Maine Municipal Association and primarily written by Kenneth Roberts. In Chapter 8, "Citizen Participation," it says:
- "Town meeting, of course, provides opportunities for citizen action on any issue coming before the meeting as a warrant article. But in larger towns and cities, a charter often provides for an initiative and referendum process similar to the state’s. Voters often can review and reject actions of the city or town council, including decisions to sell municipal property and adopt new ordinances."
- "Similar to the state level, citizens initiatives are typically used when a municipal legislative body fails to act on an issue that citizens think is important. Citizen petitions can be circulated to force a referendum vote on actions taken by the legislative body that citizens disagree with. Except as provided under a municipal charter, under both “home rule” and other provisions of state law, people generally are allowed to petition for a referendum vote on a number of matters pertaining solely to their community. For instance, a group might want to amend the town charter to change the form of government. If they obtain the required number of signatures from eligible voters, the council would be required to set a date for a referendum vote on the question. If a sufficient number of people vote for the proposal, the citizens have started the process to change their form of government."