Lois Capps

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Lois Capps
Lois Capps.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 24
Incumbent
In office
1998-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 17
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorWalter Capps (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$24.15 in 2014
First electedMarch 10, 1998
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$12,686,931
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sPacific Lutheran University
Master'sYale University & University of California, Santa Barbara
Personal
Date of birthJanuary 10, 1938
Place of birthLadysmith, WI
ProfessionNurse, Educator
Net worth(2012) $98,006
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Lois Capps (b. January 10, 1938, in Ladysmith, WI) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 24th Congressional District. Capps was first elected to the House in a special election on March 10, 1998, to fill the vacancy created by the death of her husband, Walter Capps. Capps announced on April 8, 2015, that she would not seek re-election in 2016.[1]

Capps won re-election in 2014. She was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents during the 2014 election cycle.[2] She and Chris Mitchum (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014. Capps went on to defeat Mitchum in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Capps is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Capps was born in Ladysmith, Wisconsin. She earned a B.S. from Pacific Lutheran University in 1959, an M.A. from Yale University in 1964 and another M.A. from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1990.[4]

Before her political career, Capps worked as a nurse, an educator and as the Director of the Teenage Pregnancy and Parenting Project and the Parent and Child Enrichment Center of Santa Barbara County, California.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Capps' academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Capps serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Capps served on the following committees:[7]

2011-2012

Capps served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Capps's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Capps, voted against the resolution.[11][12][13]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Neutral/Abstain On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Capps and four other Democrats did not vote on the bill.[14][15]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[16] For more information pertaining to Capps's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[17]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Capps voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[18]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Capps voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[19]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Capps voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[20]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[21] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[22][23] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[23] Capps voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[24][25] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[25] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[26] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Capps joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[24][25]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[27] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[28] Capps voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[29]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[30] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Capps voted for HR 2775.[31]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Capps voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[32]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Capps voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[33] The vote largely followed party lines.[34]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Capps voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[35]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Capps voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[36]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Capps voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[37]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Lois Capps's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Capps is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Capps received a score of 72 percent on social issues and 12 percent on economic issues.[38] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[39][40] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Capps was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[39][40]

Campaign themes

2012

Capps' campaign website listed the following issues:[41]

  • Creating Jobs and Getting Our Economy Moving Again
Excerpt: "Encouraging job creation and getting our economy fully restarted are my top priorities. And though the economy has been slowly rebuilding since the end of the Bush Administration when we were losing nearly 800,000 jobs a month, we still have work to do."
  • Ensuring Quality, Affordable Healthcare For All
Excerpt: "As a nurse, ensuring all Americans have access to affordable, quality health care has always been one of my top priorities. And as the Vice-Chair of a key Health Subcommittee in the House of Representatives, I worked hard to ensure health insurance reform legislation meets the many needs of Central Coast residents."
  • Moving To A Clean Energy Future
Excerpt: "Our nation’s overreliance on fossil fuels imperils our environment and hurts American families. By shipping billions of dollars overseas every year to purchase oil and gas from unstable, often hostile regions of the world, we threaten our economy, national security, and planet’s health."
  • Promoting Equality and Opportunity for Women
Excerpt: "While women make up more than half of this country, we still account for less than 20% of Members of Congress. That is one reason why I have worked so hard to promote policies that empower women and ensure that all opportunities for success are open to them."
  • Promoting Fiscal Responsibility
Excerpt: "The large federal deficit is a threat to our long term economic prosperity. We must enact a balanced plan to address this challenge as we did during the 1990s, the last time our budget was balanced. Of course, the most important deficit reduction step is to get our economy back to full speed and I’ve outlined my plan to do that."

Elections

2016

See also: California's 24th Congressional District election, 2016

Capps is not seeking re-election in 2016. She said, "Now I believe it is time for me to return home, back to the community and family that I love so much. And so I’m announcing that this 114th Congress will be my last."[1]

2014

See also: California's 24th Congressional District elections, 2014

Capps won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Chris Mitchum (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014.[42] Capps went on to defeat Mitchum in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Capps was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents during the 2014 election cycle.[2]

U.S. House, California District 24 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngLois Capps Incumbent 51.9% 103,228
     Republican Chris Mitchum 48.1% 95,566
Total Votes 198,794
Source: California Secretary of State
U.S. House, California District 24 Primary, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngLois Capps Incumbent 43.7% 58,198
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChris Mitchum 15.8% 21,059
     Republican Justin Fareed 15.3% 20,445
     Republican Dale Francisco 11.7% 15,575
     Republican Bradley Allen 7% 9,269
     Democratic Sandra Marshall 3.5% 4,646
     Democratic Paul Coyne 1.6% 2,144
     Independent Steve Isakson 0.9% 1,249
     Republican Alexis Stuart 0.5% 678
Total Votes 133,263
Source: California Secretary of State

2012

See also: California's 24th Congressional District elections, 2012

Capps won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 24th District.[43] She was displaced from her former district, the 23rd, by redistricting. She and Abel Maldonado (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Chris Mitchum (R) and Matt Boutte (Ind). Capps went on to defeat Maldonado in the general election on November 6, 2012.[44][45]

According to the Washington Post, Capps' seat was a new battleground in 2012 as Democrats and Republicans sought to gain control of the House. With Capps' territory overhauled in redistricting, her district became nearly evenly split between Democratic and Republican voters. She formerly had a Democratic advantage in the double-digits.[46]

U.S. House, California District 24 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngLois Capps Incumbent 55.1% 156,749
     Republican Abel Maldonado 44.9% 127,746
Total Votes 284,495
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 24 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLois Capps (D) Incumbent 46.4% 72,356
Green check mark transparent.pngAbel Maldonado (R) 29.7% 46,295
Chris Mitchum (R) 21.5% 33,604
Matt Boutte (NPP) 2.5% 3,832
Total Votes 156,087

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Capps attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Capps is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Capps raised a total of $12,686,931 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.[54]

Lois Capps's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (California, District 24) Won $2,282,305
2012 U.S. House (California, District 24) Won $3,320,070
2010 U.S. House (California, District 23) Won $955,565
2008 U.S. House (California, District 23) Won $1,054,974
2006 U.S. House (California, District 23) Won $874,676
2004 U.S. House (California, District 23) Won $1,109,883
2002 U.S. House (California, District 23) Won $1,449,620
2000 U.S. House (California, District 22) Won $1,639,838
Grand Total Raised $12,686,931


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Capps won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Capps' campaign committee raised a total of $2,282,305 and spent $2,493,169.[55] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[56]

Cost per vote

Capps spent $24.15 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, California District 24, 2014 - Lois Capps Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,282,305
Total Spent $2,493,169
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $481,278
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $477,674
Top contributors to Lois Capps's campaign committee
JStreetPAC$25,606
University of California$20,400
Ocean Champions$13,850
Intl Brotherhood of Electrical Workers$13,600
League of Conservation Voters$13,408
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$238,884
Retired$206,264
Leadership PACs$167,300
Lawyers/Law Firms$83,850
Candidate Committees$81,250

Below are Capps' FEC reports.[57]

2012

Capps won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Capps' campaign committee raised a total of $3,320,070 and spent $3,286,649.[66] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[67]

Cost per vote

Capps spent $20.97 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Capps won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Capps' campaign committee raised a total of $955,565 and spent $991,079.[68]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Capps' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-3,976,987 and $4,172,999. That averages to $98,006, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Capps ranked as the 381st most wealthy representative in 2012.[69] Between 2004 and 2012, Capps' calculated net worth[70] decreased by an average of 12 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[71]

Lois Capps Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$3,999,375
2012$98,006
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-98%
Average annual growth:-12%[72]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[73]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Capps received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 1997-2014, 27.6 percent of Capps' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[74]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Lois Capps Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $14,816,405
Total Spent $13,680,609
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$1,265,095
Retired$1,240,380
Lawyers/Law Firms$568,990
TV/Movies/Music$537,828
Public Sector Unions$477,200
% total in top industry8.54%
% total in top two industries16.91%
% total in top five industries27.6%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Capps was a "far-left Democratic leader" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Capps received in June 2013.[75]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[76]

Capps most often votes with:

Capps least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Capps missed 257 of 11,348 roll call votes from March 1998 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[77]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Capps paid her congressional staff a total of $1,138,251 in 2011. She ranked 160th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 40th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[78]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Capps ranked 104th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[79]

2012

Capps ranked 73rd in the liberal rankings in 2012.[80]

2011

Capps ranked 85th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[81]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Capps voted with the Democratic Party 94.7 percent of the time, which ranked 42nd among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[82]

2013

Capps voted with the Democratic Party 96.4 percent of the time, which ranked 46th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[83]

Personal

Capps is a widow and has three children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Lois + Capps + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Lois Capps News Feed

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See also

External links

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Lois Capps

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roll Call, "Lois Capps to Retire (Video)," April 8, 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CAPPS, Lois, (1938 - )," accessed August 1, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CAPPS, Lois, (1938 - )," accessed February 4, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  7. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  8. Congresswoman Lois Capps, Representing California's 23rd District, "Committee and Caucus Memberships," accessed August 1, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
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  70. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  71. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  72. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  73. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
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Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Capps
U.S. House of Representatives - California
1998-Present
Succeeded by
'