Louisiana District Courts

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Louisiana District Courts

Louisiana has 42 judicial districts, each with its own district court. Each of the districts serves at least one parish and has at least one district judge. Each district elects a chief judge.

The Louisiana state legislature has the authority to change the types of cases heard in the district courts, and the number of districts, by a two-thirds majority vote. As of 2007, the legislature may establish new judgeships for district courts as well.

Louisiana district court judges are elected in partisan elections for six-year terms. On recommendation of the state's judiciary commission, the Louisiana Supreme Court may discipline or remove district judges from office.

Jurisdiction of the district courts

The district courts have original jurisdiction of all civil and criminal matters. They are the exclusive original jurisdiction of felony cases and of most cases involving property.

The types of cases the district courts do not oversee are:

  • Legal cases concerning the right to run for office or other public position;
  • Cases concerning civil or political rights;
  • Most issues of probate and succession.
  • Although the district courts normally have jurisdiction over cases involving property, when those cases relate to disputes over community property, as in the settlement of claims arising from divorce or annulment of a marriage, then those cases are heard in family court.[1]

Criminal cases against those younger than age seventeen are referred to juvenile courts. However the legislature may provide laws for exceptions to this rule for serious cases such as murder, rape, kidnapping, drug dealing, and armed robbery.

List of the judicial districts

District Counties served
District 1 Caddo Parish
District 2 Claiborne, Bienville and Jackson Parishes
District 3 Union Parish and Lincoln Parish
District 4 Ouachita Parish and Morehouse Parish
District 5 West Carroll, Richland, and Franklin Parishes
District 6 East Carroll, Madison and Tensas Parishes
District 7 Catahoula Parish and Concordia Parish
District 8 Winn Parish
District 9 Rapides Parish
District 10 Natchitoches Parish
District 11 Sabine Parish
District 12 Avoyelles Parish
District 13 Evangeline Parish
District 14 Calcasieu Parish
District 15 Acadia, Lafayette, and Vermilion Parishes
District 16 St. Martin, Iberia and St. Mary Parishes
District 17 Lafourche Parish
District 18 Pointe Coupee, West Baton Rouge and Iberville Parishes
District 19 East Baton Rouge Parish
District 20 West Feliciana Parish and East Feliciana Parish
District 21 St. Helena, Livingston, and Tangipahoa Parishes
District 22 Washington Parish and St. Tammany Parish
District 23 Ascension, Assumption and St. James Parishes
District 24 Jefferson Parish
District 25 Plaquemines Parish
District 26 Webster Parish and Bossier Parish
District 27 St. Landry Parish
District 28 La Salle Parish
District 29 St. Charles Parish
District 30 Vernon Parish
District 31 Jefferson Davis Parish
District 32 Terrebonne Parish
District 33 Allen Parish
District 34 St. Bernard Parish
District 35 Grant Parish
District 36 Beauregard Parish
District 37 Caldwell Parish
District 38 Cameron Parish
District 39 Red River Parish
District 40 St. John the Baptist Parish
Orleans District Orleans Parish
District 42 De Soto Parish

See also

External links