Louisiana Marriage Amendment, Question 1 (September 2004)

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Louisiana Amendment 1 (Primary), also known as the Marriage in Louisiana Act, was on the September 18, 2004 primary election ballot in Louisiana as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved.[1]


On September 22, 2014, a Louisiana state judge ruled that the state's ban on same sex marriage was unconstitutional. This ruling compels the state to recognize the out of state marriage of the plaintiffs who are seeking legal adoption of their son. Due to privacy rules regarding adoption cases, the ruling is temporarily under seal so the full extent of the decision is not yet known. Attorney General Buddy Caldwell says he intends to appeal the decision directly to the state's Supreme Court.[2]

Election results

Amendment 1, Primary
Approveda Yes 619,908 78%

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Louisiana, to enact Article XII, Section 15, relative to marriage; to require that marriage in the state shall consist only of the union of one man and one woman; to provide that the legal incidents of marriage shall be conferred only upon such union; to prohibit the validation or recognition of the legal status of any union of unmarried individuals; to prohibit the recognition of a marriage contracted in another jurisdiction which is not the union of one man and one woman; to provide for submission of the proposed amendment to the electors and provide a ballot proposition; and to provide for related matters.

Related measures

Voters in 30 states have approved legislatively-referred constitutional amendments or initiated constitutional amendments prohibiting same-sex marriages at the ballot box. The first constitutional prohibition was in 1998, and the latest one occurred in May 2012. Most of these amendments define marriage along the lines of a "union of one male and one female."


The following constitutional bans were approved by voters, but later overturned by courts:


Cases overturning the following bans have been appealed to higher courts and are currently stayed:

Note: Same-sex marriage is legal in St. Louis County and the state recognizes same-sex marriages.


The following constitutional bans were approved by voters and have been upheld or not overturned by courts:


The following constitutional bans were defeated by voters:

Note: Arizonans defeated a measure in 2006, but approved one in 2008, which has been overturned.

See also

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