Lyle Larson

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Lyle Larson
Lyle Larson.jpg
Texas House of Representatives, District 122
Incumbent
In office
2011 - Present
Term ends
January 13, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
Compensation
Base salary$7,200/year
Per diem$150/day
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolMcArthur High School
Bachelor'sTexas A&M University, 1981
Personal
Birthday03/25/1959
Place of birthSan Antonio, TX
ProfessionBusiness owner
ReligionMethodist
Websites
Office website
Personal website
CandidateVerification
Lyle Larson (b.March 25, 1959) is a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives, representing District 122. He was first elected to the chamber in 2011.

Biography

Larson graduated from McArthur High School and earned a BBA in Marketing from Texas A&M University in 1981. He has owned and operated a small business for the last 24 years.

Larson has been a Bexar County Commissioner from Precinct 3 since 1997. He served as a San Antonio City Councilman from District 10 between 1991 and 1995. He was a candidate for the United States House of Representatives District 23 in 2008. He has served as the chairman of the San Antonio Military Transformation Task Force, the San Antonio-Bezar County Metropolitan Planning Organization, the Alamo Area Council of Governments, and the Greater San Antonio Crime Commission

Committee assignments

2013-2014

At the beginning of the 2013 legislative session, Larson served on the following committees:

Texas Committee Assignments, 2013
Culture, Recreation, & Tourism
Local & Consent Calendars, Vice-chair
Natural Resources
Transparency in State Agency Operations (Select)

2011-2012

In the 2011-2012 legislative session, Larson served on the following Texas House of Representatives committees:

Issues

University of Texas investigations

See also: Wallace Hall impeachment trial

Seal of Texas.svg.png

University of Texas Investigations

Background
Wallace Hall impeachment trialPolitical favoritism in admissions to the University of TexasForgivable loans program at the University of Texas Law School House Select Committee on Transparency in State Agency Operations (TSAO)Joint Committee on Oversight of Higher Ed Governance, Excellence & Transparency

UT Regents
Wallace HallPaul FosterEugene PowellSteven HicksErnest AlisedaJeffery HildebrandBrenda PejovichAlex CranbergRobert Stillwell

Elected Officials
Rick PerryJoe StrausCharles PerryTrey FischerDan FlynnNaomi GonzalezEric JohnsonLyle LarsonCarol AlvaradoFour PriceJim PittsDan Branch

UT Individuals
Bill PowersLarry SagerBarry BurgdorfKevin HegartyFrancisco CigarroaCarol Longoria

Texas state legislators are exploring an unprecedented legal step -- impeaching an appointed official. University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall, who was named to the post by Governor Rick Perry, is the subject of an investigation by a Texas state house committee. Legislators who are in favor of the impeachment process initially set out to investigate whether Hall failed to disclose information on his regent application, revealed protected information about students and exceeded his role as a regent in requesting massive amounts of information. Although the committee left open the possibility of revisiting impeachment, an August 11, 2014 vote passed 6-1 to censure Hall, possibly bringing a close to the more than year-long process.[1][2] In response to the censure vote, Governor of Texas Rick Perry issued a statement defending Hall's actions, saying the regent acted in the best interest of Texas "in the face of withering personal attacks."[3]

Only two elected officials in the history of Texas have ever been successfully impeached.[4] Hall is the first regent to have been censured by the Texas State Legislature.[5]

Governor Rick Perry and others have strongly criticized the attempted impeachment. Critics says it is an effort to criminalize policy differences. In late November 2013, Perry and State House Speaker Joe Straus sent letters to gubernatorial appointees to address the impeachment trial. Perry's letter explained the importance of oversight of state agencies by gubernatorial appointees. In his letter, Straus agreed with Perry and wrote, "Both board members and the Legislature need to ask difficult questions."[6][7][8][9][10]

After he was appointed in 2011, University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall began looking into what he believed to be clout scandals within the University of Texas system. Hall investigated the university's forgivable-loans program and admissions policies and preferential treatment to politically-connected individuals.[11] Hall filed FOIA requests with the University system after his inquiries via his role as a Regent were initially rebuffed.[12] According to his accusers, Hall filed requests of more than 800,000 pages, which some Texas administrators called an unnecessary burden.[13][14] However, a letter from University chancellor Francisco Cigarroa in February 2014 said that Hall requested closer to 100,000 pages.[15][16] In addition, Cigarroa wrote: "During testimony before the Select Committee, some early witnesses implied that the U.T. System has not protected the privacy rights of students, staff, and patients. This is simply not true."[17]

An effort was begun in June 2013 to try and impeach Hall from his position as Regent. Some legislators justified the impeachment on the grounds that Hall did not disclose several lawsuits that he was involved in when he originally completed his Regent background check. Hall updated Governor Rick Perry's office in April 2013 with the full list.[18][19] The lack of lawsuit disclosure by Hall is not unique -- more than 9,000 lawsuits were not disclosed by other appointed Texas officials.[20] No unelected official in Texas has ever been successfully impeached or removed from office.[21] Governor of Texas Rick Perry's spokesperson said the investigations send a "chilling message" to gubernatorial appointees.[22] He added that the investigation was "extraordinary political theater."[23] Texas state legislators have never previously tried to remove an appointed official. Only two elected officials in the history of Texas have ever been successfully impeached.[24]

Richard Legon, president of the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, criticized the impeachment process in a November interview with the Austin American-Statesman. He called the impeachment process the "nuclear option" and said it could send a chilling signal to other members of higher education boards. Legon suggested that the board should have first been given the opportunity to address Hall's requests. "It’s fine for a board member to seek information through the appropriate path. The first layer of reining in an overly aggressive board member should be the board," he said.[25]

A January 2014 review by the law firm Hilder & Associates concluded that there was "no credible evidence of a violation of [the state government code] that would warrant a referral for criminal prosecution." The report concluded that Hall had a legitimate reason for having the documents in question. "In light of the fundamental role attorneys play, it would lead to an absurd result were it criminal for an official to provide student records to his or her attorney in the face of litigation, or anticipated litigation, involving these records," Philip Hilder wrote in the report. Hilder submitted the report to the legislative committee. The Board of Regents hired the firm to review whether Hall may have violated any federal privacy laws in his handling of student information. November 2013 testimony prompted committee-member Trey Fischer to request the inquiry. Committee member Dan Flynn said he was not surprised by the findings and was pleased the university counsel reached a conclusion.[26][27][28][29]

The hiring of Rusty Hardin to conduct an investigation into Hall's activities ultimately cost the state $500,000. Although the bills ultimately came to more than $588,000, Hardin's team told State Speaker of the House Joe Straus that a cap of $500,000 would be placed on the expenses.[30][31]

Committee on transparency activity

Larson is one of the eight members of the Committee on Transparency in State Agency Operations, which is overseeing the investigation into a possible impeachment. The committee was formed in 2013, specifically existing to explore the possibility of impeaching Hall. The committee is holding hearings in late 2013 to hear testimony from individuals from the university system.[32]

In September 2013, Dan Flynn, co-chair of the select committee, said three basic questions would be asked during the process.[33]

  1. Did Hall fail to disclose material information on his application to be a regent?[34]
  2. Did he reveal information about students that violated their privacy?[34]
  3. Did he exceed his role as a regent in requesting massive amounts of information from UT-Austin?[34]
Request for personal computers

In November 2013, committee member Trey Martinez Fischer submitted a request indicating a desire to look at Hall's personal computers, iPads and smartphones as part of the investigation. "We must consider forensic examination of the personal or professional electronic communications of the regents in order to ensure compliance with the law," Fischer wrote in a letter to committee attorney Rusty Hardin.[35]

Subpoena of Hall

At a November 12, 2013 meeting, the committee issued a subpoena for Hall to appear on December 10. However, legislators quickly rescinded the subpoena, since no meeting was scheduled until December 18. Legislators also voted to issue subpoenas to University of Texas Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa and University of Texas, Austin President Bill Powers to appear at the December 18, 2013 meeting.[36][37][38][39] With no subpoena having yet been issued to Hall, his lawyers sent a letter to the committee asking for clarification. With Francisco Cigarroa and Bill Powers already subpoenaed, Hall's lawyer Allan Van Fleet requested that the committee respond regarding whether it would also subpoena Hall. He said that Hall's lawyers have told him not to appear before the committee without a subpoena. On December 5, 2013, Van Fleet sent a letter to the committee requesting that the co-chairs announce whether Hall would indeed be subpoenaed. Van Fleet's request asked for an answer by the end of the day. In response, committee attorney Rusty Hardin said "We're not going to adhere to his deadline. He doesn't get to pick the time and place." Van Fleet pointed out that providing two weeks' notice for testimony is the standard to allow individuals to prepare testimony. He added that the letter has "caused confusion about the committee's intentions."[40]

On December 10, 2013, the committee sent a letter to Hall asking that he testify -- but they did not issue a subpoena. The committee sent a one-page, two-paragraph letter that invited Hall to testify and provide a list of witnesses.[41] On December 16, 2013, Hall's attorney Allan Van Fleet said Hall would not testify at the December 18 committee hearing. Van Fleet wrote: "Regent Hall has volunteered a number of times in the past to share his views with legislative Committees about the challenges and opportunities faced by the UT System. Though these offers have never been accepted, he remains interested in sharing his views, in collaborating with all policy makers on initiatives that will benefit the UT System, and in working with the committees to improve the transparency and accountability practices that should guide all UT System activities."[42][43][44][45]

Hall was invited to testify but was not given a subpoena, which is often perceived to provide some legal protection to the witness. Other individuals -- such as Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa and University of Texas Austin President Bill Powers -- were given formal subpoenas. Legislators criticized Hall for not agreeing to testify, despite the differing set of circumstances given to Hall. "It’s very disappointing to me that he and his attorney do not understand or do not care to observes the rules and procedures of the Texas House of Representatives and have decided they are not going to appear to testify," said co-chair Dan Flynn. Committee member Charles Perry noted that while all individuals who testified were given an official subpoena, Hall himself was not granted one. In fact, it was more directly avoided by the committee, after it first sent him a subpoena only to withdraw it.[46] A subpoena would have insulated individuals from risk in violating FERPA.[47][48][49]

Empower Texans response

In December 2013, the nonprofit organization Empower Texans sent a mailer criticizing committee chair Carol Alvarado. The mailer stated that lawmakers improperly focused on Hall's behavior, rather than investigating the allegations of clout at the University of Texas, Austin. Alvarado called the mailer the action of "an outside group that’s trying to influence an investigation." Empower Texans president Michael Quinn Sullivan said the legislature was engaging in a "whitewashing" of potential university wrongdoings. "We're impeaching someone for asking questions," he said.[50][51]

Committee report
Note: The full draft report can be found here

On April 7, 2014, the San Antonio Express-News and Houston Chronicle viewed an advance copy of Hardin's 176-page report. The newspapers reported that the document was previously made available to committee members on April 4, 2014. The report alleges that Hall broke state and federal law. As of April 8, 2014, the report was not yet made public. Hall's lawyers said he would not comment on the report until he had seen it. According to the newspaper summary, the report alleges that Hall attempted to coerce UT administrators prior to their testimony.[52][53] The report refers to Hall's "burdensome" requests for records as one of the critiques laid out against the regent.[54][55]

The Texas Tribune, which also received a copy of the report, wrote that "ironically a substantial number of the actions that the Hardin report highlights as potentially triggering impeachment occurred in part or entirely because of the committee’s investigation." The report listed four items as a sufficient basis for articles of impeachment. The report does not make any explicit recommendation to the committee.[56]

The draft report recommended to the committee that impeachment could be pursued for at least four bases.[57]

Hall's lawyers' response to the report

On May 6, 2014, Hall's attorney Allan Van Fleet sent a letter to the Transparency Committee in response to the report issued by Rusty Hardin. Van Fleet accused the committee of withholding information that would "exonerate Regent Hall from all of the committee's charges." The letter alleged that the committee "manipulated the process to prevent public exposure to the truth."[58]

Van Fleet's May 6 letter made reference to a previously sent letter on April 25, 2014, that requested the release of an audio recording from an August 22, 2013 University of Texas System Board of Regents board meeting. According to the letter, a recording made by Regent Alex Cranberg at the meeting pinpoints the exact position of the Regent members regarding President Bill Powers' employment situation. The letter maintained it is a key piece of evidence that has not been released to the public. Hall's lawyers requested that the recording be released and sent to the Travis County District Attorney. The Texas Tribune also requested the recording. University of Texas System officials then asked the Attorney General for permission to withhold the recording.[59][60]

The letter from Van Fleet lists seven facts that he alleges refutes the committee's assertions. Those facts listed were as follows:[61]

  1. "Regent Hall fully disclosed information on his nomination application"[61]
  2. "Regent Hall did not violate FERPA protections"[61]
  3. "Regent Hall did not “leak” or otherwise disclose student information"[61]
  4. "Regent Hall properly represented the UT System in discussions about charitable donations"[61]
  5. "Regent Hall’s information requests were reasonable and necessary"[61]
  6. "Regent Hall did not tamper with or coerce testimony"[61]
  7. "The committee has manipulated the process to prevent public exposure to the truth about every issue under investigation"[61]

Post-report meetings

On April 24, 2014, the committee met privately for three hours discussing Hardin's report. Legislators would not disclose the conversations held behind closed doors.[62][63][64]

A committee hearing was held on May 12, 2014 where legislators voted 7-1 that there were grounds for impeachment. Committee co-chair Dan Flynn (R) called the vote a "historical time."[65] Charles Perry (R) was the one representative who voted against grounds for impeachment. In response to the vote, Hall released a statement, in which he defended his actions and accused the transparency committee of interfering with investigations of the University. "My efforts as a regent are to serve the interests of our great educational institutions, the students, faculty, and staff who make them great, and the taxpayers who fund them, not to appease a privileged class who abuse them," Hall said in the statement.[66][67]

Reaction

Anne Neal, president of the American Council of Trustees and Alumni (ACTA), said the investigation of Hall was "simply off the rails." Throughout much of the investigation, legislators have maintained that Hall was on a "witch hunt" for President Bill Powers. Neal's statement took the opposite approach, accusing the legislature of engaging in an "expensive witch hunts designed to discourage public servants from asking tough questions in pursuit of the public interest." According to its website, the ACTA is "an independent, non-profit organization committed to academic freedom, excellence, and accountability at America's colleges and universities."[68] The Texas Coalition for Higher Education Excellence supported the report's conclusions. Spokeswoman Jenifer Sarver called the findings, "deeply troubling."[69]

After the release of the report, Hall's lawyers sent a letter on April 8, 2014 to the committee on transparency. In the letter, Hall's lawyers requested that a copy of the report be sent to their offices, as they had not been delivered a version prior to the leak of the report to the media.[70]

In light of the report, editors at the Houston Chronicle called for Hall to resign.[71]

In November 2013, Larson sent a letter to Governor of Texas Rick Perry, recommending that Hall resign from his position. "I truly believe Wallace Hall's resignation is the best way to move forward," he wrote.[72] Larson also published an op-ed on May 14, 2014, in which suggested that the facts were "indisputable" that Hall had violated laws and should resign.[73] On May 30, 2014, Hall's lawyer informed Larson that the column could be seen as defamation against Hall, and that if it were not retracted Hall would possibly sue Larson. The letter, sent by Hall's counsel David Rivkin, accuses Larson of making a "false statement with actual malice, because you knew it to be false or acted with reckless disregard as to its truth." Larson told the Texas Tribune that he was not bothered or deterred by the letter.[74][75]

Commissioners court

  • "Led the effort to lower the tax rate 7 times during his 12 years in office, saving tax payers over $150 million."
  • "Led the Court to freeze property taxes for seniors and the disabled."
  • "Helped create and fund Project Push and Project Swift... to increase adoptions of young foster children and teenagers."[76]

Campaign themes

2012

Larson's website highlighted the following campaign themes:

Truth in budgeting

  • Supports legislation to end diversions from the state gas tax fund and other dedicated funds.

Cut spending and balance the budget

  • Supports use of retro-budgeting – a process that rolls back state agency spending to previous budget years – to address the state’s $18 billion shortfall.

Hold foreign countries accountable for illegal immigration

  • Supports legislation to collect citizenship information before rendering state funded services to undocumented immigrants and demand reimbursement from their countries of origin.

End government waste

  • Supports consolidating Bexar County and the City of San Antonio to form a metro government.

Make government accountable

  • Supports legislation to allow Texans to elect their transportation and energy leaders.

Elections

2014

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for all 150 seats in the Texas House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on March 4, 2014. Those candidates who did not receive 50% or more of the vote in their party primary on March 4 faced an additional May 27 primary runoff. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was December 9, 2013. Incumbent Lyle Larson was unopposed in the Republican primary. Larson defeated James Holland (L) in the general election.[77][78][79]

Texas House of Representatives, District 122 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLyle Larson Incumbent 85% 42,473
     Libertarian James Holland 15% 7,489
Total Votes 49,962

2012

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2012

Larson won re-election in the 2012 election for Texas House of Representatives, District 122. Larson was unopposed in the May 29 Republican primary and was unopposed in the general election, which took place on November 6, 2012.[80]

2010

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2010

Larson won election to Texas House of Representatives District 122. He defeated Danis Barnhill in the March 2 Republican primary and then defeated Democratic candidate Masarrat Ali in the November 2 general election.[80]

Texas House of Representatives, District 122
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Green check mark transparent.png Lyle Larson (R) 56,702 77.37%
Masarrat Ali (D) 16,576 22.62%

2008

On November 4, 2008, Larson lost election to the United States House of Representatives from Texas's 23rd District, to incumbent Ciro Rodriguez (D).[80]

United States House of Representatives, Texas, District 23
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Ciro Rodriguez (D) 134,090
Lyle Larson (R) 100,799
Lani Connolly (L) 5,581

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Larson is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Larson raised a total of $506,547 during that time period. This information was last updated on August 15, 2013.[81]

Lyle Larson's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 Texas State House, District 122 Won $234,136
2010 Texas State House, District 122 Won $272,411
Grand Total Raised $506,547

2012

Larson won re-election to the Texas House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Larson raised a total of $234,136.
Texas House of Representatives 2012 election - Campaign Contributions
Top contributors to Lyle Larson's campaign in 2012
USAA$5,018
Holt, Peter M$5,000
Texas Deer Association$3,327
Hillco Partners$3,000
San Antonio Fire Fighters$3,000
Total Raised in 2012$234,136
Source:Follow the Money

2010

Larson won election to the Texas House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Larson raised a total of $272,411.

Scorecards

See also: State legislative scorecards and State legislative scorecards in Texas

Legislative scorecards are used to evaluate elected public officials based on voting record. Some scorecards are created by political advocacy groups with a focus on specific issues, while others are developed by newspapers and are broad in scope. Scorecards are meant to be used as a tool for voters to have a quick picture of whether their views align with a particular legislator's record.

Because scorecards can be specific to particular issues or general to a state’s legislative term, for example, each report should be considered on its own merits. Each entity that publishes these reports uses different methodologies and definitions for the terms used.

An overview for scorecards in all 50 states can be found on this page. To contribute to the list of Texas scorecards, email suggestions to scorecards@ballotpedia.org.

Please see our writing guidelines if you would like to add results from an individual scorecard to this legislator's profile.

2013

In 2013, the Texas State Legislature was in its 83rd legislative session from January 8 through May 27. Thirty minutes after the regular session ended, Governor Rick Perry called legislators back for a special session starting that evening.[82] Two additional called sessions were held from July 1 through July 30 and July 30 through August 5.[83]

  • Legislators are scored on bills which relate to economic freedom, the size and scope of government and individual liberty.
  • Legislators are scored based on their votes on bills relating to the organizations principles, missions and goals of responsible, conservative solutions for Texas.
  • Legislators are scored based on their votes on bills relating to core budget and free enterprise issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for bills with the greatest impact on Texas’ environment and public health.
  • Equality Texas - Equality Texas rankings for the Texas House during the 83rd regular legislative session
  • Legislators are assigned grades reflecting votes on LGBT issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on their votes on bills relating to taxes and property rights.
  • Legislators are scored based on issues critical to businesses, taxpayers and families.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes relating to conservative issues.
  • The 2013 TLCV scorecard covers a range of votes and issues, including: water, global warming, environmental regulation, clean energy, clean air, good government, oil and gas regulation and energy efficiency.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for bills relating to this issue of abortion.
  • Mark P. Jones is the Chair of the Department of Political Science at Rice University. He builds a ranking of Texas state representatives each year based on their votes from the previous session. Jones then ranks legislators based on how liberal and conservative they are according to legislative history.
  • Legislators are scored on their votes on key conservative issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for Amendments 2, 12, 51, 95 and 118.
  • Young Conservatives of Texas: Legislative Ratings for the 83rd Legislature
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for House Bill 2.
  • Legislators are scored on their votes on key small business issues.
  • Concerned Women for America of Texas: Legislative Scorecard for the 83rd session.

2011

In 2011, the Texas State Legislature was in its 82nd legislative session from January 11 through May 30. A special session was called for May 31 through June 29.[83]

  • Legislators are scored based on their votes on bills relating to the organizations principles, missions and goals of responsible, conservative solutions for Texas.
  • Legislators are scored based on their votes on bills relating to core budget and free enterprise issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes on social issues, economic issues and other issues.
  • The Humane Scorecard assesses support on a broad range of animal protection issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes relating to conservative issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes relating to environment and conservation issues.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for bills relating to this issue of abortion.
  • Mark P. Jones is the Chair of the Department of Political Science at Rice University. He builds a ranking of Texas state representatives each year based on their votes from the previous session. Jones then ranks legislators based on how liberal and conservative they are according to legislative history.
  • Legislators are scored based on 56 House votes and 38 Senate votes that offer clear public policy choice.
  • Legislators are scored based on votes for bills with the greatest impact on Texas’ environment and public health.
  • Legislators are scored based on consumer-related bills.

Empower Texans Fiscal Responsibility Index

See also: Empower Texans Fiscal Responsibility Index and Empower Texans

Empower Texans produces the Fiscal Responsibility Index as "a measurement of how lawmakers perform on size and role of government issues." The index uses "exemplar votes on core budget and free enterprise issues that demonstrate legislators' governing philosophy."[84] Legislators were graded along a 0 through 100 scale in 2013 and on an A through F grading scale in 2011.

2013

Larson received a score of 39 in the 2013 Fiscal Responsibility Index, compared to the grade of D+ that Larson received for the 2011 Fiscal Responsibility Index.

2011

Lyle Larson received a grade of D+ on the 2011 Fiscal Responsibility Index.

Controversies

Pig advertisement

During his 2008 run for the United States House of Representatives, Larson put out an advertisement featuring him comparing members of Congress to pigs at a trough, in which he forgot to include a written disclaimer indicating that he approved of the advertisement.

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission and the advertisement was removed.

"Apparently we hit a nerve," Larson said at the time.

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References

  1. Dallas Morning News, "Panel censures but doesn’t impeach UT Regent Wallace Hall," August 11, 2014
  2. Austin American-Statesman, "Panel censures UT Regent Wallace L. Hall Jr.," August 11, 2014
  3. Your Houston News, "Statement by Gov. Perry on UT Regent Wallace Hall," August 11, 2014
  4. Texas Public Radio, "UT Regent Wallace Hall Will Testify In Impeachment Hearing," November 13, 2013
  5. Austin Business Journal, "A first: UT regent censured," August 11, 2014
  6. Texas Tribune, "Perry, Straus reach out to appointees amid Hall inquiry," December 21, 2013
  7. Daily Caller, "Texas tries to topple higher-ed transparency," November 21, 2013
  8. Fort Worth Star-Telegram, "Perry calls regent impeachment “political theater”," October 30, 2013
  9. Lubbock Online, "Perry, Straus Reach Out to Appointees Amid Hall Inquiry," December 22, 2013
  10. Texas Tribune, "Letter from Rick Perry to Appointees," November 22, 2013
  11. American Spectator, "Transparency for Thee," October 25, 2013
  12. Daily Texas Online, "Facing impeachment, Regent Wallace Hall defends actions in debate with Sen. Kirk Watson," September 28, 2013
  13. Daily Texas Online, "Former UT System vice chancellor alleges Regent Wallace Hall’s ‘clear intent to get rid of Bill Powers’," October 24, 2013
  14. Dallas Morning News, "UT regent sought 800,000 documents, official says in impeachment hearing," October 22, 2013
  15. Watchdog, "‘Witch hunt’ fallout: Speaker calls for narrower public records law," February 5, 2014
  16. Texas Tribune, "UT System Responds to Transparency Committee Directives," February 3, 2014
  17. Texas Tribune, "Cigarroa letter to the Committee on Transparency in State Agency Operations," February 1, 2014
  18. Texas Tribune, "UT Regent Wallace Hall Updates Lawsuit Disclosures," April 30, 2013
  19. Real Clear Policy, "The Campaign Against Wallace Hall," August 15, 2013
  20. Watchdog.org, "Case against UT regent Wallace Hall is a sham — here’s proof," September 6, 2013
  21. News-Journal, "University of Texas regent not worried by impeachment inquiry," September 9, 2013
  22. Texas Tribune, "Transparency Committee to Mull Impeachment of UT Regent," June 25, 2013
  23. Texas Tribune, "Perry Blasts Impeachment Probe of Wallace Hall," October 30, 2013
  24. Texas Public Radio, "UT Regent Wallace Hall Will Testify In Impeachment Hearing," November 13, 2013
  25. Austin American Statesman, "A UT regent impeachment could make other boards cautious, expert says," November 29, 2013
  26. Dallas Morning News, "UT Regent Hall didn't commit crime, university attorney concludes,"January 16, 2014
  27. Watchdog, "UT Report: Charge against Hall is legally 'absurd'" January 14, 2014
  28. Texas Tribune, "Report: Regent Didn't Violate Student Privacy Laws," January 15, 2014
  29. Texas Tribune Uploads, "Hilder & Associates Report," January 13, 2014
  30. Houston Chronicle, "UPDATED: Wallace Hall impeachment probe cost $500K," July 22, 2014
  31. KWTX, "Cost Of UT Regent Probe Reaches Almost $600,000," July 22, 2014
  32. Texas State House Committees, "Transparency in State Agency Operations Committee Members," accessed October 31, 2013
  33. Texas Monthly, "Regent Wallace Hall is Another Step Closer to Impeachment," September 17, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Austin American Statesman, "Transparency panel begins investigation of UT regent with closed-door session," September 16, 2013
  35. Texas Tribune, "Lawmaker Eyes Access to UT Regents' Computers," November 4, 2013
  36. San Francisco Chronicle, "Texas House subpoenas Hall, but then recalls it," November 12, 2013
  37. Texas Tribune, "UT System Lawyer: Hall May Have Shared Private Info," November 12, 2013
  38. Austin American Statesman, "UT Regent Wallace Hall might have broken privacy laws, panel members suggest," November 12, 2013
  39. Texas Tribune, "Committee Recalls Subpoena for UT Regent Hall," November 12, 2013
  40. Texas Tribune, "Ahead of Hearings, UT Regent Hall Requests Subpoena," December 5, 2013
  41. Texas Tribune, "Committee Letter to Hall," December 10, 2013
  42. My San Antonio, "Letter to Committee," December 16, 2013
  43. The Republic, "Embattled UT Regent Wallace Hall won't testify to lawmakers considering possible impeachment," December 17, 2013
  44. Your Houston News, "UT regent facing possible ouster won’t testify," December 17, 2013
  45. Texas Tribune, "UT Regent Hall Declines Invitation to Testify," December 17, 2013
  46. News Journal, "Lawmaker: Regent’s silence ’slap in face’" December 19, 2013
  47. Dallas Morning News, "UT regent Wallace Hall won’t attend impeachment investigation," December 17, 2013
  48. Texas Public Radio, "UT Regent Wallace Hall Declines to Speak with Lawmakers," December 16, 2013
  49. Watchdog, "Chancellor is probing favoritism in UT admissions," December 19, 2013
  50. Houston Chronicle, "Empower Texans mailer criticizes Hall impeachment panel," December 19, 2013
  51. My San Antonio, "Clout Mailer from Empower Texans," December 19, 2013
  52. Houston Chronicle, "Report: UT regent abused office, may have violated law," April 7, 2014
  53. Dallas Morning News, "UT regent Wallace Hall possibly committed impeachable offenses, investigation report show," April 7, 2014
  54. Austin American Statesman, "Report for House panel finds grounds to impeach UT Regent Wallace L. Hall Jr.," April 7, 2014
  55. Houston Chronicle, "Report: UT regent may have broken law," April 7, 2014
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