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Maine House of Representatives

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Maine House of Representatives

Seal of Maine.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2015 session start:   December 3, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Mark Eves (D)
Majority Leader:   Jeff McCabe (D)
Minority Leader:   Kenneth Fredette (R)
Members:  154
   Independent / Unenrolled (4)
Non-voting (3)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Article IV--Part Third, Maine Constitution
Salary:   $13,526/year Sess. 1, $9,661/year Sess. 2 + per diem
Last Election:  November 4, 2014 (151 seats)
Next election:  November 8, 2016 (151 seats)
Redistricting:  Maine Legislature has control
The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine State Legislature. It has 154 members, three of whom are non-voting. All 151 voting members are elected from each of 151 districts in the state. The three non-voting members represent Native American tribes based in the state. Members of the Maine House of Representatives serve two-year terms with term limits.[1] Each member represents an average of 8,682 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 8,333 residents.[3]

As of March 2015, Maine is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Maine State Legislature, Maine State Senate, Maine Governor


Article IV, Part Third of the Maine Constitution establishes when the Maine State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 1 of the Part states that, following a legislative election, the Legislature is to convene its first regular session on the first Wednesday of December. The second regular session of the legislature is to convene in the next even-numbered year. This second session is to convene on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Section 1 also instructs the Legislature to enact statutory limits on the length of its regular sessions.

Section 1 also establishes the procedures for convening special sessions of the Legislature. A special session can be convened by the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, with the consent of a majority of legislators from each political party.


See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions

In 2015, the Legislature is projected to be in session from December 3, 2014 through June 17, 2015.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2015 legislative session include the state economy, welfare reform and energy policy.[4]


See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through May 2.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included Medicaid expansion vetoed by Gov. Paul LePage (R) last session and welfare reform.[5]


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from December 5, 2012 through July 10, 2013.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included addressing education, energy, domestic violence, jobs and strengthening the state's economy, and a new two-year budget that's facing a $128 million deficit.[6]

Election of constitutional officers

The Maine House of Representatives voted 79-59 on June 4 to reject a proposal to allow voters to select the state’s Treasurer, Secretary of State and Attorney General. LD 1279 called for a referendum to amend the Maine State Constitution to shift the selection of these officers from the Legislature to voters.[7] The bill sponsored by Representative Andre Cushing (R) called for two-year terms for the Treasurer and Secretary of State and a four-year term for the Attorney General. Legislators currently select all three officers every two years. This legislation was blocked on June 3 by the Maine State Senate 18-16.[8]

The House and Senate votes largely followed party lines with Democratic majorities in both houses. Republican majorities in the House and Senate blocked similar legislation in 2011.[9][10]


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 4 through April 14, in recess from April 14 through May 13, and adjourned May 31.

Major issues

Lawmakers faced a $221 million budget deficit. They also looked to restructure the state Medicaid system, reduce energy costs and improve charter schools.[11]


See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from December 1, 2010-June 28, 2011. Maine statutes required the legislature to adjourn by June 15, however, pursuant to Joint Order S.P. 520, the regular session was extended for five legislative days, slated to end on June 22, 2011.[12] However, on June 16, Governor Paul LePage ordered lawmakers home for 12 days, only to return to the statehouse for a special veto session to begin June 28.[13]

Session highlights

Increased security

State representatives appropriated $546,000 during the 2011 session to improve security in the House after the publication of three separate studies suggesting improvements in Capitol Police practices. Beginning in September 2011, visitors to the capitol will have to pass through walk-through metal detectors and their baggage are subjected to X-ray scans.[14]


See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Legislature was in session from January 6th to April 12th.[15]

Role in state budget

See also: Maine state budget and finances
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The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[16][17]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held from October through December.
  4. Public hearings are held from January through May.
  5. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January (this deadline is extended to February for a newly elected governor).
  6. The legislature typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins on July 1.

Maine is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[17]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.[17]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Maine was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.[18]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[19] According to the report, Maine received a grade of C+ and a numerical score of 76, indicating that Maine was "middling" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[19]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Maine was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[20]



See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 10, 2014, and a general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for party candidates wishing to run in this election was March 17, 2014. The deadline for write-in candidates to run in the primary election was April 28, 2014, and the deadline for non-party candidates to run in the general election was June 2, 2014. The deadline for write-in candidates to run in the general election was September 22, 2014.


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives were held in Maine on November 6, 2012. All 153 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2012.

Maine state representatives are subject to term limits and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 26 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives were held in Maine on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15 for candidates with partisan affiliations and June 1 for others. The primary Election Day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $1,607,976 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[21]


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 10, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,712,760. The top 10 contributors were:[22]


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $2,106,312. The top 10 contributors were:[23]


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 8, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,794,005. The top 10 contributors were:[24]


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 11, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,466,749. The top 10 contributors were:[25]


See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,203,357. The top 10 contributors were:[26]


Section 4 of Part 1 of Article 4 of the Maine Constitution states, "Qualifications; residency requirement. No person shall be a member of the House of Representatives, unless the person shall, at the commencement of the period for which the person is elected, have been 5 years a citizen of the United States, have arrived at the age of 21 years, have been a resident in this State one year; and for the 3 months next preceding the time of this person's election shall have been, and, during the period for which elected, shall continue to be a resident in the district which that person represents."


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
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If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat.[27][28] The Governor must call for an election and allow all political committees representing the vacant seat to set all deadlines.[29][27][28] The person elected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.[30]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Maine legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Maine Term Limits Act in 1993. That initiative said that Maine representatives are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1993 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 1996.[1]


Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of March 2015
     Democratic Party 79
     Republican Party 68
     Independent 4
     Non-voting 3
Total 154

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Maine State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Maine State House.PNG


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding all questions of order, and appointing all committee members.[31][32]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Maine House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Mark Eves Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Jeff McCabe Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Sara Gideon Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Kenneth Fredette Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Ellie Espling Ends.png Republican


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Maine legislature are paid $13,852/year (first regular session) and $9,661/year (second regular session). Legislators receive $38/day per diem for one of two options: housing or mileage and tolls. Additionally, legislators receive $32/day for meals.[33]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Maine legislators assume office after the first Wednesday in December after their election.

Current members

Current members, Maine House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Deane Rykerson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
2 Roberta Beavers Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
3 Lydia Blume Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
4 Patricia Hymanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
5 Beth O'Connor Ends.png Republican 2014
6 Mark Eves Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
7 Robert Foley Ends.png Republican 2014
8 Christopher Babbidge Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
9 Stedman Seavey Ends.png Republican 2014
10 Wayne Parry Ends.png Republican 2010
11 Ryan Fecteau Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
12 Martin Grohman Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
13 George Hogan Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
14 Barry Hobbins Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
15 Justin Chenette Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
16 Donald Marean Ends.png Republican 2012
17 Dwayne Prescott Ends.png Republican 2014
18 Anne-Marie Mastraccio Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
19 William Noon Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
20 Karen Gerrish Ends.png Republican 2014
21 James Campbell Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
22 Jonathan Kinney Ends.png Republican 2012
23 Michael Shaw Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
24 Mark Bryant Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
25 Patrick Corey Ends.png Republican 2014
26 Linda Sanborn Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
27 Andrew McLean Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
28 Heather Sirocki Ends.png Republican 2010
29 Karen Vachon Ends.png Republican 2014
30 Kimberly Monaghan-Derrig Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
31 Terry Morrison Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
32 Scott Hamann Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
33 Kevin Battle Ends.png Republican 2014
34 Andrew Gattine Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
35 Dillon Bates Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
36 Denise Harlow Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
37 Richard Farnsworth Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
38 Matthew Moonen Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
39 Diane Russell Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
40 Benjamin Chipman Grey.png Nonpartisan 2010
41 Erik Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
42 Peter Stuckey Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
43 Mark Dion Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
44 Teresa Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
45 Michael Timmons (Maine) Ends.png Republican 2014
46 Paul Chace Ends.png Republican 2014
47 Janice Cooper Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
48 Sara Gideon Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
49 Matthea Daughtry Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
50 Ralph Tucker Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
51 Joyce McCreight Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
52 Jennifer DeChant Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
53 Jeffrey Pierce Ends.png Republican 2014
54 Denise Tepler Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
55 Brian Hobart Ends.png Republican 2014
56 Dale Crafts Ends.png Republican 2008
57 Stephen Wood Ends.png Republican 2010
58 Michel Lajoie Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
59 Margaret Rotundo Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
60 Jared Golden Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
61 Heidi Brooks Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
62 Gina Melaragno Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
63 Bruce Bickford Ends.png Republican 2014
64 David Sawicki Ends.png Republican 2014
65 Eleanor Espling Ends.png Republican 2010
66 Michael McClellan Ends.png Republican 2010
67 Susan Austin Ends.png Republican 2014
68 Christine Powers Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
69 Phyllis Ginzler Ends.png Republican 2014
70 Nathan Wadsworth Ends.png Republican 2014
71 Tom Winsor Ends.png Republican 2010
72 Kathleen Jackson Dillingham Ends.png Republican 2014
73 Lloyd Herrick Ends.png Republican 2014
74 Paul Gilbert Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
75 Jeffrey Timberlake Ends.png Republican 2010
76 Gary Hilliard Ends.png Republican 2014
77 Robert Nutting Ends.png Republican 2008
78 Catherine Nadeau Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
79 Timothy Theriault Ends.png Republican 2014
80 Lori Fowle Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
81 Craig Hickman Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
82 Randall Greenwood Ends.png Republican 2014
83 Gay Grant Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
84 Charlotte Warren Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
85 Donna Doore Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
86 Matthew Pouliot Ends.png Republican 2012
87 Jeffery Hanley Ends.png Republican 2014
88 Deborah Sanderson Ends.png Republican 2010
89 Stephanie Hawke Ends.png Republican 2014
90 Michael Devin Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
91 Jeffrey Evangelos Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
92 Charles Kruger Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
93 Anne "Pinny" Beebe-Center Electiondot.png Democratic March 2015
94 Joan Welsh Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
95 Gary Sukeforth Grey.png Nonpartisan 2014
96 Christine Burstein Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
97 Erin Herbig Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
98 James Gillway Ends.png Republican 2010
99 MaryAnne Kinney Ends.png Republican 2014
100 Kenneth Fredette Ends.png Republican 2010
101 James Davitt Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
102 Stacy Guerin Ends.png Republican 2010
103 Roger Reed Ends.png Republican 2012
104 Raymond Wallace Ends.png Republican 2011
105 Joel Stetkis Ends.png Republican 2014
106 Stanley Short Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
107 Jeff McCabe Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
108 John Picchiotti Ends.png Republican 2014
109 Thomas Longstaff Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
110 Henry Beck Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
111 Bradlee Farrin Ends.png Republican 2014
112 Thomas Skolfield Ends.png Republican 2014
113 Andrew Buckland Ends.png Republican 2014
114 Russell Black Ends.png Republican 2010
115 Matthew Peterson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
116 Richard Pickett Ends.png Republican 2014
117 Frances Head Ends.png Republican 2014
118 Larry Dunphy Ends.png Republican 2010
119 Paul Stearns Ends.png Republican 2014
120 Norman Higgins Ends.png Republican 2014
121 Robert Duchesne Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
122 Michelle Dunphy Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
123 Ryan Tipping-Spitz Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
124 Aaron Frey Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
125 Victoria Kornfield Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
126 John Schneck Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
127 Adam Goode Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
128 Arthur Verow Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
129 Peter Lyford Ends.png Republican 2014
130 Richard Campbell Ends.png Republican 2012
131 Karleton Ward Ends.png Republican 2014
132 Louis Luchini Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
133 Ralph Chapman Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
134 Walter Kumiega Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
135 Brian Hubbell Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
136 Richard Malaby Ends.png Republican 2010
137 Lawrence Lockman Ends.png Republican 2012
138 Robert Alley Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
139 William Tuell Ends.png Republican 2014
140 Joyce Maker Ends.png Republican 2010
141 Beth Turner Ends.png Republican 2011
142 Sheldon Hanington Ends.png Republican 2014
143 Stephen Stanley Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
144 Roger Sherman Ends.png Republican 2014
145 Ricky Long Ends.png Republican 2010
146 Dustin White Ends.png Republican 2014
147 Robert Saucier Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
148 Anthony Edgecomb Ends.png Republican 2014
149 Carol McElwee Ends.png Republican 2012
150 Roland Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
151 John L. Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Henry John Bear (non-voting member) 2013
Penobscot Nation Wayne Mitchell (non-voting member) 2008
Passamaquoddy Tribe Matthew Dana II (non-voting member) 2014

Standing committees

The Maine House of Representatives has six standing committees:

Joint standing committees

There are sixteen (16) joint standing committees in the Legislature:


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maine
Partisan breakdown of the Maine legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maine State House of Representatives for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Maine State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Maine, the Maine State Senate and the Maine House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Maine state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maine state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between 1992 and 2002, the state experienced divided government until electing a Democratic trifecta, which occurred between 2003 and 2011. For two years (2011 and 2012), the state had a Republican trifecta before reverting back to divided government. Maine hit the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking in 2006 and 2007 (42nd and 45th, respectively). Its highest ranking in the SQLI ranking occurred in 2012 (27th) under a Republican trifecta. The state rose seven points in the SQLI ranking between the years 2010 and 2011.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 38.38
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 33.73
Chart displaying the partisanship of Maine government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1, "Chart of Term Limits States," accessed December 16, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," April 2011
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
  4. Maine Democrats and Republicans Lay out Priorities for Upcoming Legislative Session, "Maine Democrats and Republicans Lay out Priorities for Upcoming Legislative Session," December 23, 2014
  5., "Maine Legislature returns for short session," January 7, 2014
  6. WCSH 6, "Maine legislature to reconvene Tuesday," January 5, 2013
  7. Legislative Information Office, "LD 1279," accessed June 4, 2013
  8. Portland Press Herald, "Maine House vote kills bill to elect top state officials," June 4, 2013 (dead link) (dead link)
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bangor
  10. Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library, "Proposed Constitutional Amendments," accessed June 4, 2013
  11. Bangor Daily News, "Maine lawmakers return Wednesday for 2012 session," January 3, 2012
  12., 125th Legislature Session Schedule, June 16, 2011
  13. Bangor Daily News, State lawmakers headed home but only for 12 days, June 16, 2011
  14., "Maine set to beef up State House security," July 18, 2011
  15. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Session Calendar," October 30, 2010 (Archived)
  16. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  18. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  20. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  21. Follow the Money, "Maine 2010 - Candidates," accessed August 19, 2014
  22. Follow the Money, "Maine 2008 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  23. Follow the Money, "Maine 2006 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  24. Follow the Money, "Maine 2004 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  25. Follow the Money, "Maine 2002 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  26. Follow the Money, "Maine 2000 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013 (Referenced Statute 21A-381)
  28. 28.0 28.1 Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 21A-382)
  29. Maine Legislature, "Constitution of Maine," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Section Article IV, Section 5)
  30. Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013 (Referenced Statute 21A-361)
  31. Maine Legislature, "The Rules of the Maine House of Representatives of the 126th Legislature," December 5, 2012 (Referenced Part 2 - Speaker)
  32. Maine House of Representatives, "Leadership Links," accessed August 19, 2014
  33., "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013