Maine Job Creating Transportation Projects, Question 3 (June 2010)
The Maine Job Creating Transportation Projects Bond Issue, also known as Question 3 was on the June 8, 2010 ballot in Maine as a legislatively-referred bond question, where it was approved. The measure issued $47.8 million in bonds to create jobs through transportation projects. The specific allocations were $24.8 million for highways, $16 million for rails, $6.5 million for the Ocean Gateway Deep Water Pier in Portland, $500,000 for small harbor improvements, $5 million for Ocean Wind Power R&D and $5 million for the improved dental services. Funds dedicated to rails included funds to purchase the railroad line in Aroostook County.
Despite the approval of Question 3, the purchase of a 233-mile-long rail line in northern Maine remains in limbo. According to reports the anticipated purchase price for the rail line is $17 million, however before the deal is made a federal agency has to approve the company's request to abandon the line. Despite continued negotiations, one thing is certain, the state of Maine will not be running the railroad. "I know there's still people who think DOT is going to run a railroad -- no, we don't do that, we're not allowed to do that," said Transportation Commissioner David Cole. According to reports the state transportation officials and the Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway had until July 9, 2010 to reach final negotiations regarding the purchase price of the rail line.
The repair of the rail line finally began in August 2011.
|Maine Question 3 (June 2010)|
Text of measure
The language appeared on the ballot as:
The following description of the intent and content of this ballot measure was provided in the Maine Citizen's Guide to the Referendum Election:
This Act would authorize the State to issue bonds in an amount not to exceed $47,800,000, to be administered by the Department of Transportation for the activities described below.
Highways: Proceeds of the sale of bonds in the amount of $24,800,000 would be used for reconstruction and paving of state highways.
Railroads: The state would use $7,000,000 of the bond proceeds towards the purchase and preservation of approximately 240 miles of railroad track in Aroostook County currently owned by the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway. The railway would be operated by a rail operator selected by the state through a competitive process, in consultation with shippers and other stakeholders of the track.
Bond proceeds in the amount of $5,000,000 would be used to purchase a portion of rail line and to make improvements related to improving freight rail service and preparing for passenger rail service to Lewiston and Auburn. Another $4,000,000 would be used to repair and improve portions of the Mountain Division Railroad that is already owned by the state and is located between Windham and Fryeburg.
In addition to the funds authorized by this bond issue, $4,000,000 of the previous bond issue allocated for railroad purposes and approved by the voters in November 2009 would be specifically allocated to the purchase and preservation of railroad tracks in Aroostook and Penobscot counties.
Marine facilities: The remaining $7,000,000 in bond proceeds would be used for marine-related improvements, including specifically: $6,500,000 to construct a deep water pier at the Ocean Gateway facility in Portland to accommodate large vessels such as cruise ships; and $500,000 for the Small Harbor Improvement Program, administered by the Department of Transportation, to provide matching grants to coastal communities for improvements to municipally owned marine facilities such as boat ramps, piers and wharfs.
The bonds would run for a period not longer than 10 years from the date of issue and would be backed by the full faith and credit of the State. If approved, the bond authorization would take effect 30 days after the Governor’s proclamation of the vote.
A “YES” vote favors authorizing the $47,800,000 bond issue to finance the above activities.
A “NO” vote opposes the bond issue in its entirety. 
The following debt service description for these bonds was provided in the Maine Citizen's Guide to the Referendum Election:
Total estimated life time cost is $59,630,500 representing $47,800,000 in principal and $11,830,500 in interest (assuming interest at 4.5% over 10 years). 
The following fiscal impact statement was provided in the Maine Citizen's Guide to the Referendum Election:
This bond issue has no significant fiscal impact other than the debt service costs identified above. 
Initially the package called for an $85 million bond but was later reduced after the Senate failed to approve the package in early April 2010. The $85 million proposal included: $31 million for highway or road projects, $9 million for port or harbor improvements, $17 million for environmental and energy projects, and $17 million to purchase 240 miles of rail lines between Millinocket and Madawaska from the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway.
Throughout the legislative session several bond proposals were made including a "jobs bond" proposal that proposed a $99.2 million that included funds for highways, rails, energy conservation and clean water projects. Specifically the bond would have included: $47.5 million for highway construction, $20 million to purchase the abandoned Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway in Aroostook County, and $5 million for drinking-water and wastewater improvement projects.
Gov. John Baldacci, proponent of the bond measure, argued that the measure will help create 1,898 jobs and preserve existing jobs in Maine. Of the proposal, Sen. Kevin Raye said, "It was important to me to reduce the unaffordable $85 million bond package down to a fiscally responsible level. At the same time, I worked to ensure that $4 million for vital improvements to Route 1 Down East were included within that smaller amount. This is a very good outcome for Washington County residents."
The Bangor Region Chamber of Commerce voted May 20, 2010 to endorse the four bond measures that appeared on the statewide ballot. According to board Chair Michael Ballesteros the bonds were in line with the chamber's interest's of the state's business community. The Portland Chamber of Commerce also supportsedthe bond measures.
Gov. John Baldacci supported the four June 2010 bond measures. In his weekly radio address he said the bonds would help boost the economy, help small businesses and support energy independence. Baldacci noted that he understood the reluctance to vote in favor of the measures but argued that Maine was conservative with borrowing and paid its debt in less than half the time it took most states.
Tactics and strategies
In May 2010 Dana Connors, president of the Maine State Chamber of Commerce (dead link), said a coalition was being formed to launch an advertising campaign in support of the bond proposals. According to Connors they were planning to do some "advertising." Connors argued that the bonds would help create jobs.
Some supporters said that although they did support the proposed bonds on the June 8, 2010 ballot, they worried that voters wouldn't readily approve them, particularly because the state and the country were coming out of a recession. Chris Hall, vice president of the Greater Portland Chamber of Commerce said that supporters had to work hard to convince voters. "We did have some members on our board that opposed our endorsement because of those same concerns. But most, more than 60 percent, supported all of the bond package," he said.
Opponents of the proposed bond measure questioned whether the state should take on more debt while the state was trying to recover from drops in revenue and a difficult economy. Rep. Robert Nutting argued that the proposed bond could have waited another year.
The Maine Heritage Policy Center was opposed to the bonds that was on the June 2010 ballot. Center President Tarren Bragdon said that while bonds were appropriate for some state needs, Maine had too much debt. "It’s our hope that the voters will reject some of these and send a strong message to the politicians in Augusta that if you are not going to be responsible with our credit card, then we will take matters into our own hands and vote no. We are going to say no more debt, not now."
Scott Moody, an economist for the center, wrote a study which ultimately concluded that Maine's debt would leave lawmakers with two options: reduce spending or raise taxes. "Before any new debt is approved, Mainers should insist that legislators deal with these ballooning, unfunded retirement liabilities first and foremost," said Moody.
Media editorial positions
- Main article: Endorsements of Maine ballot measures, 2010
- The Bangor Daily News supported Bond Questions 2, 3, 4 and 5, saying,
States, unlike the federal government, are unable to spend into the red. That’s a good thing. But with interest rates at historic lows, these bonds are a bargain for building and rebuilding Maine. They should be passed. 
—Bangor Daily News 
- The Journal Tribune said,
Last week the Journal Tribune endorsed the four bond issues on Maine’s June 8 ballot. We recommended “Yes” votes on Questions 2-5, proposed bond issues that serve the interests of Maine’s people. 
—Journal Tribune editorial board 
- See also: Polls, 2010 ballot measures
- An October 11-15, 2010 poll by Pan Atlantic SMS Group revealed that 56.3% of polled voters supported Question 3, while 34.7% were opposed and 9% were undecided. The poll surveyed a total of 501 likely voters by telephone and had a margin of error of +/- 4.4 percentage points.
|Date of Poll||Pollster||In favor||Opposed||Undecided||Number polled|
|Oct. 11-15, 2010||Pan Atlantic SMS Group||56.3%||34.7%||9%||501|
Path to the ballot
To place the measure on the ballot, the measure was required to receive at least a two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate. On April 12, 2010 the Senate voted 30-5 and the House voted 102-44 in favor of the placing the measure on the ballot.
- Maine 2010 ballot measures
- 2010 ballot measures
- List of Maine ballot measures
- History of Initiative & Referendum in Maine
- Maine Energy Efficiency Bonds Issue, Question 2 (2010)
- Maine Economic Development and Job Bonds Issue, Question 4 (2010)
- Maine Water Quality Bonds Issue, Question 5 (2010)
- Associated Press, "Maine's Voter Turnout Appears To Be Low," June 8, 2010
- Sanford News, "State's primary is this Tuesday; ballot to include referendum questions and school budget validation," June 3, 2010
- Associated Press, "Maine Voters To Decide Bond Questions," May 16, 2010
- The Free Press, "June Statewide Ballot Questions," May 13, 2010
- The Portland Press Herald, "Bond package among 13 bills left on Legislature's agenda," April 12, 2010
- Associated Press, "Maine bond issue rejected in Senate," April 8, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "House gives initial OK to borrowing, but must pick up votes to put bonds on ballot," April 7, 2010
- Maine Public Broadcasting Network, "Bond Package Splits Lawmakers Along Party Lines," April 6, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Bonds, budget still ahead for lawmakers," March 20, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Rail line issue to bring federal officials to Maine," March 16, 2010
- Morning Sentinel, "Mainers approve all 4 bonds on ballot," June 9, 2010
- Maine Secretary of State, Division of Elections, "Maine Citizen's Guide to the Referendum Election, Tuesday, June 8, 2010," accessed May 14, 2014
- Maine Secretary of State, Elections Division, "Referendum Election Tabulations, June 8, 2010," accessed May 14, 2014
- WCSH6, "Voters to decide $57.8M jobs bond," April 13, 2010
- Associated Press, "Bond deal gets final legislative approval in Maine," April 12, 2010
- The Portland Press Herald, "Bond package worth $58 million gets OK," April 13, 2010
- Morning Sentinel, "Plan would fund transportation projects," June 1, 2010
- Maine Public Broadcasting Network, "Deadline Looms as State Negotiates to Purchase Northern Maine Rail Line," June 21, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "State making progress in repairing northern Maine rail line, officials say," December 22, 2011
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Bangor Daily News, "Baldacci outlines bond plan," March 11, 2010
- Associated Press, "$99M Maine bond package proposed," March 2, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Democrats present jobs bond package," March 3, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Bond items includeDown East road funds," April 17, 2010
- Associated Press, "Regional Chamber of Commerce endorses Maine bonds," May 20, 2010
- The Portland Press Herald, "Baldacci asks voters to support bond issues," May 22, 2010
- Associated Press, "Gov Urges Mainers To Vote For Bond Proposals," June 5, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Bond backers fear rejection at the polls," May 20, 2010
- Maine Public Broadcasting Network, "Bond Package: Desperately Needed, or Dragging Maine into Sea of Debt?," May 18, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Bond question advocates getting word out," June 2, 2010
- Bangor Daily News, "Bonds Will Boost Maine," May 26, 2010
- The Journal Tribune, "An investment in harnessing offshore wind energy," May 28, 2010
- Pan Atlantic SMS Group, " The 45th Pan Atlantic SMS Group Omnibus Poll," accessed November 1, 2010
- Associated Press, "Maine Gov. Baldacci unveils $79M bond package," March 10, 2010
- The Portland Press Herald, "Bond package worth $58 million gets OK," April 13, 2010
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