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Maine Maritime Academy Science Center Bond, Question 4 (2013)

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Maine Question 4
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Type:legislatively-referred state statute
Referred by:Maine Legislature
Topic:Bond issues
Status:Approved Approveda

The Maine Maritime Academy Science Center Bond, Question 4, was on the November 5, 2013 ballot in Maine as a legislatively-referred state statute. It was approved.

The measure authorized the issuance of a $4,500,000 bond for the stated purposes of providing for a public-private partnership building project for a new science facility at the Maine Maritime Academy.[1]

House Minority Leader Kenneth Fredette (R-25) sponsored the measure in the state legislature as HP 182.[2]

Out of the total bond amounts that were on the ballot, Proposal 4’s amount was 3.01% of the total. This measure will go into effect 30 days after the election results are officially certified.[3]

Election results

Below are the official election results:

Question 4
Approveda Yes 114,348 51.9%
These results are from the Maine Bureau of Elections.

Text of measure

The official ballot text read as follows:[4]

Do you favor a $4,500,000 bond issue to provide funds for a public-private partnership for a building project for a new science facility at the Maine Maritime Academy to be matched by other funds?



In 2012, voters defeated Question 2, an education bond, totaling $11.3 million. In 2013, education leaders requested that the legislature reattempt to put education bonds before voters, but this time as three separate bonds, rather than one larger one for all three institutions. Maine Community College President John Fitzsimmons elaborated, “When you put several organizations together, it really dilutes the message so it gets confusing for the public.”[6]

The election that took place in Maine on November 5, 2013 is known as a referendum election. According to the Maine Bureau of Corporations, Elections and Commissions, "Referendum Elections are held to provide Maine’s citizens an opportunity to vote on People’s Veto Referenda, Direct Initiatives of Legislation (i.e. Citizen Initiatives), Bond Issues, other referenda proposed by the Legislature, and Constitutional Amendments. Referendum elections are an important part of the heritage of public participation in Maine."[1]

Fiscal note

The state's treasurer published the following information in an official statement made regarding Maine's general bond obligations:[1]


The following is a summary of general obligation bond debt of the state of Maine as of September 30, 2013.

Bonds outstanding (Issued & Maturing through 2022):

Fund Principal Interest TOTAL
Highway Fund $107,505,000 $17,407,008 $124,912,008
General Fund $239,665,000 $35,538,895 $275,203,895
TOTAL $347,170,000 $52,945,903 $400,115,903

  • 9/30/2013 Unissued Bonds Authorized by Voters: $104,577,809
  • Unissued Bonds Authorized by the Constitution and Laws: $99,000,000
  • Total Authorized but Unissued Bonds: $203,577,809
  • The total amounts that must be paid in the present fiscal year for bonded debt already outstanding (for FY2014): $98,183,857

Since voters approved all five bond measures and each was issued for the full statutory period authorized, an estimate of the total interest and principal that will be paid is $182,390,000, representing $149,500,000 in principal and $32,890,000 in interest.

Out of the total bond amounts that were on the ballot, Proposal 4’s amount was 3.01% of the total. The following is a comparative table of all five bond measures:

Measure Amount Percentage of Total
Question 1 $14,000,000 9.36%
Question 2 $15,500,000 10.37%
Question 3 $100,000,000 66.89%
Question 4 $4,500,000 3.01%
Question 5 $15,500,000 10.37%
Total: $149,500,000 100.00%


The measure was sponsored by House Minority Leader Kenneth Fredette (R-25).[2]




  • Maine Chamber of Commerce[7]


House Minority Leader Kenneth Fredette (R-25) said, “I’m glad we were able to work out a responsible bond package that all parties agreed on. Hopefully this bipartisan compromise sets a new tone for relations at the state House.”[8]

The League of Women Voters of Maine issued a voter guide outlining arguments for and against each referendum. The following are their listed arguments in favor:[9]

  • Jobs will be immediately created by construction needs.
  • The new facilities will help train students in the sciences.
  • Currently, interest rates are at a historic low. Borrowing money now will cost less than borrowing later.
  • The bond will be matched by $9.6 million in other, including private, funds.




Several Republican lawmakers voted against the measures over fiscal concerns and a belief that infrastructure maintenance should be paid for out of the state’s existing revenue.[8]

The League of Women Voters of Maine issued a voter guide outlining arguments for and against each referendum. The following are their listed arguments against:[9]

  • Maine would add $4.5 million to its total debt.
  • It will cost a total of $5.4 million in principle and interests in ten years.
  • Other projects may be more worthy of the state's money.

Media editorial positions

See also: Endorsements of Maine ballot measures, 2013


  • The Forecaster said, "We urge voters to say yes to all five bond issues on Nov. 5."[10]
  • Portland Press Herald said, “Question 4 would provide $4.5 million for a new science facility at Maine Maritime Academy in Castine... Voters should approve the five bond questions, each of which represents worthwhile projects that are long overdue... What Maine can’t afford is to fall behind on the investments that will help the economy move forward.”[11]


  • Bangor Daily News said, "We’re confident in Maine Maritime Academy’s ability to raise the funds it needs for the building’s construction. If public money were critical, however, we would want to see the building project tied to a specific outcome to help Maine grow... While the ABS Center would offer Maine Maritime Academy professors and students first-rate facilities, we’re not convinced there’s a need to bond for that benefit."[12]

Path to the ballot

See also: Legislatively-referred state statute

Special session

Governor Paul LePage (R) agreed to sign off on the bonds in August 2013. The delay in signature was caused by a stalemate between the governor and the legislative majority party, the Democrats. Democrats supported the transportation bond, but wanted to ensure that state borrowing included money for other sectors, such as education. After the two disputing parties agreed on $150,000,000 in bonds, LePage called for a special session to approve the measures for the ballot.[13][14]

Legislative vote

On August 29, 2013, the both houses of the Maine Legislature approved Question 4 for the ballot. A 2/3rds approval vote is required to put bond questions before voters.

House vote

Maine Question 4, HP 182 House Vote
Approveda Yes 121 93.80%

Senate vote

Maine Question 4, HP 182 Senate Vote
Approveda Yes 34 100.00%

Order of questions

On August 30, 2013, Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap (D) and Attorney General Janet Mills (D) determined the order of the bond questions for the November 2013 ballot selecting the measures at random.[15] Dunlap explained the importance of order of measures on the ballot, saying, “If you have a lot of questions, there is an anecdotally demonstrated history of ballot fatigue. With a five question ballot, I know there’s always concern about being Question 1 versus Question 5 because of that sort of historic precedent that the further down the ballot you get, the more of a struggle it is to get voters to support you.”[16]

Similar measures

See also

Suggest a link

External links

Additional reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Maine Bureau of Corporations, Elections and Commissions, "Upcoming Elections," accessed October 6, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 State of Maine Legislature, “Summary of LD 221 (HP 182)”, accessed October 7, 2013
  3., "Citizen's Guide to the Referendum Election," accessed November 13, 2013
  4. Maine Bureau of Corporations, Elections and Commissions, "Upcoming elections - November 5, 2013 referendum election," accessed October 6, 2013
  5. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  6. Portland Press Herald, "Higher education leaders pitch bonds," October 28, 2013
  7. Maine Public Broadcasting Network, "Supporters of Maine Bond Package Gear up for Campaign," September 5, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 Maine House GOP, “House Enacts Bipartisan Bond Package,” August 29, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 League of Women Voters of Maine, "Easy-To-Read Voter Guide," accessed October 22, 2013
  10. The Forecaster, "Editorial: Approve all five on Nov. 5," October 28, 2013
  11. Portland Press Herald, “Our View: Mainers should vote ‘yes’ on all bond issues Nov. 5”, October 27, 2013
  12. Bangor Daily News, "No on Question 4: Maine Maritime’s science building offers benefit, but it doesn’t need a bond," November 4, 2013
  13. Portland Press Herald, "Legislature sends $150 million in bonds to Maine voters," August 30, 2013
  14. Bangor Daily News, “LePage calls Legislature to special session to vote on bond deal”, August 21, 2013
  15. Maine Secretary of State, "Secretary of State Announces Order of Bond Questions for November 5, 2013 Referendum Election Ballot," August 30, 2013
  16. State & Capitol, "Ballot order drawn for November bond votes," August 30, 2013