Maryland's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

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Maryland's 1st Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
April 3, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Andrew Harris Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Andrew Harris Republican Party
Andy Harris.jpg

Maryland U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Maryland.png
The 1st Congressional District of Maryland held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Incumbent Andrew Harris (R) won re-election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
January 11, 2012
April 3, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Maryland has a closed primary system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by March 13. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 16.[2]

See also: Maryland elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Andy Harris (R), who was first elected in 2010. He won re-election on November 6, 2012.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Maryland's 1st Congressional District encompassed Carolina, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico and Worcester counties. Additionally, the district included parts of Baltimore, Carroll and Harford counties.[3]

Candidates

General election candidates

Republican Party Andy HarrisGreen check mark transparent.png
Democratic Party John LaFerla (Write-in)
Independent Michael Calpino
Libertarian Party Muir Boda
Independent Douglas Dryden Rae (Write-in)
Note: Wendy Rosen withdrew from the race following allegations of voter fraud.[4]


April 3, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic

Republican Party Republican

Libertarian Party Libertarian

Independent No Party Affiliation


Election results

U.S. House, Maryland District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAndy Harris Incumbent 63.4% 214,204
     Democratic Wendy Rosen 27.5% 92,812
     Libertarian Muir Boda 3.8% 12,857
     Democratic John LaFerla (Write-in) 4.4% 14,858
     Independent Michael Calpino (Write-in) 0% 71
     Independent Douglas Dryden Rae (Write-in) 0% 26
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.9% 2,932
Total Votes 337,760
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"
U.S House, Maryland District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngWendy Rosen 43.1% 10,907
John LaFerla 42.8% 10,850
Kim Letke 14.1% 3,564
Total Votes 25,321

Race background

According to the Maryland Elections Guide 2012, published by The Baltimore Sun, Maryland "remains an overwhelmingly Democratic state, with only the 1st Congressional District as a safe bet for the GOP."[8]

Wendy Rosen won the Democratic primary. Runner-up John LaFerla was backed by Democrats as a write-in candidate after Rosen withdrew from the race following voter fraud allegations. It was alleged that she voted in both Maryland and Florida in 2006 and 2008.[9]

Campaign donors

2012

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2012 elections season. Below are Harris' reports.

Andrew Harris (2012)[10] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[11]April 13, 2012$565,300.43$73,295.59$(12,287.58)$626,308.44
July Quarterly[12]July 13, 2012$626,308.44$245,865.75$(137,230.58)$734,943.61
Running totals
$319,161.34$(149,518.16)


Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Maryland

The new maps after the 2011 redistricting were expected keep congressional Democrats safe in six of the state’s eight districts and give the party its best chance in two decades to unseat Republican Roscoe Bartlett in the 6th District.[13] However, the 1st District's new map was expected to strengthen the Republican hold in the district, which covers the entire Eastern Shore and was redrawn this year to include more of conservative northern Maryland.[13] The "safer" district for Republicans is largely a byproduct of changes made to Roscoe Bartlett’s western Maryland district, which was redrawn to include "the western half of liberal-leaning Montgomery County."[13]

Redistricting also took conservative sections of Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick and Harford counties from the 6th District, and moved many of the Baltimore, Carroll and Harford voters into the 1st District.[13]

The new district is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[14][15]

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Maryland's 1st District became more Republican because of redistricting.[16]

  • 2012: 36D / 64R
  • 2010: 37D / 63R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Maryland's 1st Congressional District has a PVI of R+14, which is the 61st most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by John McCain (R), 61-39 percent over Barack Obama (D). In 2004, George W. Bush (R) won the district 65-35 percent over John Kerry (D).[17]

Registration statistics

As of October 24, 2012, District 1 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the Maryland State Board of Elections:

Maryland Congressional District 1[18]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 1 382,767 178,614 194,484 9,669 Republican 8.89% 8.77%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District history

Candidate Ballot Access
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2010

On November 2, 2010, Harris won election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Frank Kratovil, Jr. (D), Richard James Davis (L), Jack N. Wilson (I) and Michael Kennedy (I) in the general election.[19]

U.S. House, Maryland District 1 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAndy Harris 54.1% 155,118
     Democratic Frank Kratovil, Jr. Incumbent 42% 120,400
     Libertarian Richard James Davis 3.8% 10,876
     Independent Write-In 0.1% 242
     Independent Jack N. Wilson 0.1% 158
     Independent Michael Kennedy 0% 18
Total Votes 286,812

See also

External links

References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland"
  2. Maryland State Board of Elections, " 2012 Presidential Election Calendar," accessed July 25, 2012
  3. Maryland Redistricting Map, "Map" accessed September 25, 2012
  4. The Baltimore Sun, "Democrat drops challenge to Harris after allegations she voted in two states," September 10, 2012
  5. The Daily Times "Challengers to face off before taking on Harris" accessed January 4, 2012
  6. Gazette.Net "Baltimore County businesswoman enters 1st Congressional District race" accessed January 4, 2012
  7. 7.0 7.1 Maryland State Board of Elections "Candidate List" accessed January 19, 2012
  8. The Baltimore Sun, "Maryland Election Guide 2012" accessed March 25, 2012
  9. Baltimore Sun, "Democrat withdraws...," accessed October 3, 2012
  10. Federal Election Commission, "Andrew Harris Summary Report," accessed September 28, 2012
  11. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed September 28, 2012
  12. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed September 28, 2012
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 The Washington Times, "Redistricting leaves Harris sitting atop GOP stronghold" accessed February 16, 2012
  14. Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer, "Maryland's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
  15. Labels & Lists, "VoterMapping software voter counts"
  16. "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in Maryland," September 2012
  17. Cook Political Report, "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" accessed October 2012
  18. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Congressional Voter Registration Statistics," May 18, 2012
  19. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" accessed November 29, 2011