Maryland school districts

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K-12 Education in Maryland
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Education facts
State Superintendent: Lillian Lowery
Number of students: 854,086[1]
Number of teachers: 57,589
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:14.8
Number of school districts: 25
Number of schools: 1,451
Graduation rate: 84%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $13,871[3]
See also
Maryland Department of Education
Maryland school districts
List of school districts in Maryland
School boards portal
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Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Maryland
Glossary of education terms

Maryland is home to 1,451 schools and 854,086 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education
    • Dr. Charlene M. Dukes, President
    • Dr. Mary Kay Finan, Vice President
    • James H. DeGraffenreidt
    • Linda Eberhart
    • Dr. S. James Gates, Jr.
    • Luisa Montero-Diaz
    • Larry Giammo
    • Madhu Sidhu
    • Sayed Naved
    • Donna Hill Staton
    • Guffrie M. Smith, Jr.


The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment.

Student enrollment
1.) Montgomery County Public Schools
2.) Prince George's County Public Schools
3.) Baltimore County Public Schools
4.) Baltimore City Public School System
5.) Anne Arundel County Public Schools
6.) Howard County Public Schools
7.) Frederick County Public Schools
8.) Harford County Public Schools
9.) Carroll County Public Schools
10.) Charles County Public Schools


See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Maryland as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[5]

Demographic information for Maine's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 2,989 0.35% 1.10%
Asian 50,052 5.86% 4.68%
African American 302,031 35.36% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 1,184 0.14% 0.42%
Hispanic 103,594 12.13% 24.37%
White 362,855 42.48% 51.21%
Two or more 31,381 3.67% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

In the news

Drop in MSA scores

After beginning the implementation of Common Core standards nearly two years ago, education officials in Maryland saw an unexpected drop in student test scores. The scores were from the Maryland State Assessment (MSA), which students took in March 2014. The MSA is not yet aligned with Common Core, as that complete transition is expected to take place in the 2014-2015 school year. Presently, the MSA measures statewide performance on reading and math. According to data, the percentage of elementary students scoring at proficient levels in reading fell from 86.4 percent in 2013 to 84.3 percent in 2014; the percentage of elementary students scoring in proficient levels in mathematics dropped from 83.9 percent to 75.8 percent. The drops were also consistent with middle school students. State Superintendent of Schools Lillian Lowery stated that officials, "knew going into this assessment period that the standards and the curricula being taught were not completely aligned," but that the data will still be useful in "analyzing the achievement of specific student groups, classrooms and schools."[6]

State law

School board composition

The composition of school boards in Maryland varies widely; they can be made up of anywhere from five to eleven members and either be appointed or elected. While there is no statewide standard, the board must adhere to the Maryland Public Ethics Law.[7]

District types

Maryland is made up mainly of county school districts, which are administered by a county board of education; they are either appointed by the governor or elected. Baltimore City Public School System is considered a system that is dependent upon the municipal government. It is governed by a board of commissioners jointly appointed by the governor and the mayor. Fiscal requirements are provided by the city of Baltimore. The Baltimore City School System is not counted as a separate government, rather it is classified as a dependent agency of Baltimore.[8]

Term limits

Members of appointed school boards may serve two terms, however elected school boards in Maryland are not subject to term limits.[9]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Maryland school board elections, 2014

A total of 11 Maryland school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections in 2014 for 42 seats. Each district has scheduled elections on November 4, 2014.

Here are several quick facts about Maryland's school board elections in 2014:

The districts listed below served 526,654 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.[10] Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.

2014 Maryland School Board Elections
District Date Seats up for election Total board seats Student enrollment
Calvert County Public Schools 11/4/2014 2 5 16,795
Carroll County Public Schools 11/4/2014 3 5 27,334
Cecil County Public Schools 11/4/2014 3 5 15,937
Charles County Public Schools 11/4/2014 7 7 26,850
Frederick County Public Schools 11/4/2014 4 7 40,188
Harford County Public Schools 11/4/2014 6 9 38,394
Howard County Public Schools 11/4/2014 4 7 50,994
Montgomery County Public Schools 11/4/2014 4 7 144,023
Prince George's County Public Schools 11/4/2014 4 9 126,662
St. Mary's County Public Schools 11/4/2014 2 5 17,271
Washington County Public Schools 11/4/2014 3 7 22,206

Path to the ballot

The qualifications for school board candidates in Maryland depend on the county. Persons wishing to file should contact their county office.[11]

See also

External links

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  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. National Center for Education Statistics, "State Education Data Profiles," accessed August 16, 2013
  5. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  6. CBS, "Maryland School Assessment Scores Drop," July 11, 2014
  7. Maryland State, "Public Ethics Law," October 1, 2013
  8. United States Census Bureau, "Maryland," accessed July 11, 2014
  9. Electronic School, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 9, 2014
  10. National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary/Secondary Information System," accessed March 21, 2014
  11. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Qualifications for Filing Candidacy," accessed July 14, 2014