The state of Massachusetts has a long political history; earlier political structures included the Mayflower Compact of 1620, the separate Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies and the combined colonial Province of Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted and eight years before the present United States Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788. Drafted by John Adams, the constitution of Massachusetts is one of the oldest functioning written constitutions in continuous effect in the world. Currently, Massachusetts has two Democratic members of the U.S. Senate, a total of nine Democratic members of the U.S. House of Representatives, 160 members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and 40 members of the Massachusetts State Senate. As of September 2013, Massachusetts is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.
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