Mazie Hirono

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mazie K. Hirono
Mazie Hirono official.jpg
U.S. Senate, Hawaii
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 1
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorDaniel Inouye (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$20.95 in 2012
First elected2013
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$9,169,110
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Hawaii, District 2
January 3, 2007-January 3, 2013
9th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
1994-2002
Hawaii House of Representatives
1980-1994
Education
High schoolKaimuki High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Hawaii at Mānoa (1970)
J.D.Georgetown University Law School (1978)
Personal
BirthdayNovember 3, 1947
Place of birthFukushima Prefecture, Japan
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$2,553,523
ReligionBuddist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Mazie Keiko Hirono (b. November 3, 1947, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan) is a Democratic U.S. Senator representing Hawaii. She first won election to the Senate in 2012.[1][2]

She previously was a member of the U.S. House from 2007 to 2013, the Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii from 1994 to 2002 and a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1980 to 1994.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Hirono is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Born in Fukushima, Japan, on November 3, 1947, Hirono became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1959, the year Hawaii became a state. She is the first immigrant woman of Asian ancestry and the first Buddhist[4] to be sworn into Congressional office[5] Educated in Hawaii's public school system, Hirono graduated with honors from Kaimuki High School and Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. She earned her law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., where she focused on public interest law.[5]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Hirono serves on the following Senate committees[6]:

U.S. House of Representatives

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Hirono's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "Yes" Hirono voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in if or when prices were to drop.[12] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Hirono joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Hirono voted with the Democratic party in favor of the bill.[13][14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[16] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Hirono voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[17]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Hirono voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[10]

2013 Senate Budget Proposal

Voted "Yes" Hirono voted in favor of the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal.[10] On March 23, 2013, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014. Hirono was one of the four Democrats who voted against the budget proposal.[10]

The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.

The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.

The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.

The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "No" Hirono voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[10]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "Yes" Hirono voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[10]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Hirono voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[18]

Cut, Cap, and Balance Act

Hirono voted against the Cut, Cap, and Balance Act in mid-July 2011. Many fiscal conservatives say the act is necessary to bring the United States' growing budget deficit under control. The bill passed the U.S. House by a vote of 234 yeas to 190 nays. The act is facing tougher challenge in the U.S. Senate and does not have the president's support.

The Republican-introduced bill proposes to raise the debt ceiling in exchange for "opening the door to deep cuts to Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid," as Hirono said in a written statement.

Hirono called the bill "deceptive" in the statement and that the bill also makes cuts to education, transportation and research and development.

“America needs to meet our financial obligations because defaulting on them would likely send us into a deeper recession. This is not a game. People across Hawaii want to see real compromise, not gimmicks like this that threaten Medicare and Social Security," Hirono said. “We’re facing default in two weeks and these games are burning up the clock. We need Republican leaders to end the antics and start addressing the most pressing problems facing our country: creating jobs and getting our economy moving again.”[19]

"Mainland" earmarks

For Fiscal Year 2009, the State of Hawaii was one of the top recipients of “mainland money” in the form of Congressional earmarks, receiving $210 dollars in “mainland money” per capita ($270,736,707 total). Maine, a comparable state in population, received only $55 per capita in earmarks.

Hirono sought 71 earmarks for a total of $162,135,002 in “mainland money.” In sum, Hawaii’s congressional delegation unsuccessfully attempted to flood $986,472,661 in “mainland money” to the islands for FY09.[20]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Hirono's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Hirono is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Hirono received a score of 63 percent on personal issues and 2 percent on economic issues.[21]

On The Issues organization logo.
On The Issues Vote Quiz
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated in 2014.[21]


Polls

General election

Mazie Hirono v. Linda Lingle
Poll Mazie Hirono Linda LingleDon't KnowOtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Ward Research Inc.
(October 15-22, 2012)
57%35%7%1%+/-3.5786
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Primary election

Mazie Hirono v. Ed Case
Poll Mazie Hirono Ed CaseDon't KnowMargin of ErrorSample Size
The Benenson Strategy Group
(June 19-21 2012)
53%38%10%+/-4.4488
Civil Beat Surveys
(July 31 - August 2, 2012)
46%47%7%+/-2.8
AVERAGES 49.5% 42.5% 8.5% +/-3.6
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Elections

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Hawaii, 2012

Hirono won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. Primary elections were held on August 11, 2012.[1] Hirono defeated Linda Lingle (R), James Brewer, Jr. (G), Heath Beasley (I) and Paul Manner in the general election on November 6, 2012.[22]

U.S. Senate, Hawaii General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMazie Hirono 61.7% 269,489
     Republican Linda Lingle 36.8% 160,994
     N/A Blank Votes 1.5% 6,599
Total Votes 437,082
Source: Hawaii Office of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Endorsements


Republican Rep. Don Young endorses Mazie Hirono in the 2012 U.S. Senate Democratic primary.

In a rare cross-party endorsement, Hirono received the endorsement of Alaskan Republican Representative Don Young on July 24, 2012, for her primary battle.[23] The two created a 90 second video discussing bipartisanship and Young endorsed Hirono for U.S. Senate. “Though Don Young is certainly a Republican, and I am clearly a Democrat, we’ve forged a partnership that enables us to solve problems for the people of both Hawaii and Alaska,” Hirono stated in the video.[23]

Republican candidate Linda Lingle responded to the surprise endorsement, critcizing Young as "controversial" and alluding to his past ethics issues.[24] Lingle's campaign manager Bob Lee said in a statement following Hirono's release of the new ad, "It should be troubling to the people of Hawaii that Mazie Hirono's first attempt to convey any example of bipartisanship is a video advertisement with one of the House of Representatives' most controversial members, who even Mazie's fellow Democrats have criticized on a range of ethics and spending issues."[24]

Hirono also received an endorsement from Lingle's opponent in the Republican primary, John Carroll.[25] In his endorsement he states “So, my decision on whom to support is based on my perception of the candidate’s character and sincerity to help Hawaii. Of the two [Lingle and Hirono], I believe Mazie is predictable on issues and is of good and honest character, similar to Senator Daniel Akaka.”[25]

Young has since endorsed Lingle in the general election.[26]

2010

On November 2, 2010, Mazie K. Hirono won re-election to the United States House. She defeated John W. Willoughby (R), Pat Brock (L) and Andrew Vsevolod Von Sonn (Nonpartisan) in the general election.[27]

U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMazie K. Hirono incumbent 72.2% 132,290
     Republican John W. Willoughby 25.3% 46,404
     Libertarian Pat Brock 1.8% 3,254
     Nonpartisan Andrew Vsevolod Von Sonn 0.7% 1,310
Total Votes 183,258

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Hirono is available dating back to 2006. Based on available campaign finance records, Hirono raised a total of $9,169,110 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[28]

Mazie Hirono's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Hawaii) Won $5,514,418
2010 U.S. House (Hawaii, District 2) Won $992,526
2008 U.S. House (Hawaii, District 2) Won $1,230,402
2006 U.S. House (Hawaii, District 2) Won $1,431,764
Grand Total Raised $9,169,110

2012

Breakdown of the source of Hirono's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Hirono won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Hirono's campaign committee raised a total of $5,514,418 and spent $5,644,498.[29] This is less than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.[30]

Cost per vote

Hirono spent $20.95 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Hirono's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Hirono won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Hirono's campaign committee raised a total of $992,526 and spent $1,102,377 .[31]

U.S. House, Hawaii District 2, 2010 - Mazie Hirono Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $992,526
Total Spent $1,102,377
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $20,919
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $21,249
Top contributors to Mazie Hirono's campaign committee
Nan Inc$11,800
Alexander & Baldwin$11,000
Outrigger Enterprises$10,850
Air Line Pilots Assn$10,000
American Assn for Justice$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$116,250
Transportation Unions$64,500
Building Trade Unions$56,500
Public Sector Unions$50,368
Retired$49,400

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Hirono's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,448,047 and $3,658,999. That averages to $2,553,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Hirono ranked as the 52nd most wealthy senator in 2012.[32] Between 2006 and 2012, Hirono's calculated net worth[33] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[34]

Mazie Hirono Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2006$2,476,463
2012$2,553,523
Growth from 2006 to 2012:3%
Average annual growth:1%[35]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[36]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Hirono is a "moderate Democratic follower," as of June 20, 2013.[37]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[38]

Hirono most often votes with:

Hirono least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Hirono missed 0 of 92 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013. This amounts to 0.00%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among currently serving senators as of March 2013.[39]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Hirono paid her congressional staff a total of $880,146 in 2011. She ranks 22nd on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranks 120th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Hawaii ranks 40th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[40]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Hirono is one of nearly 25% of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Hirono's staff was given an apparent $40,649.10 in bonus money.[41]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2012

Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.

2011

Hirono ranked 26th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[42]

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Mazie K. Hirono has voted with the Democratic Party 95.4% of the time, which ranked 22nd among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[43]

Personal

Hirono is married to Leighton Kim Oshima. She currently resides in Honolulu, Hawaii.[5]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mazie + Hirono + Hawaii + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mazie Hirono News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 AP Results, "Hawaii Senate Primary Election Results," accessed August 12, 2012
  2. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," accessed November 7, 2012
  3. Bioguide, "Mazie K. Hirono," accessed June 20, 2013
  4. Mazie Hirono is the first Buddhist U.S. senator, "Buddhadharma.com," accessed November 7, 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 U.S. Congresswoman Mazie K. Hirono-2nd District of Hawaii, "Biography," accessed October 28, 2011
  6. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 U.S. Congresswoman Mazie K. Hirono-2nd District of Hawaii, "Committees," accessed October 28, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Project Vote Smart, "Mazie Hirono Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  11. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  17. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  19. Hawaii Reporter, "Hawaii Delegation Weighs in on 'Epic Battle' Over Nation's Deficit," accessed 2012
  20. Hawaii Reporter, "The Hypocrisy of Putting Down ‘Mainland Money’ Flowing into Hawaii," accessed October 31, 2010
  21. 21.0 21.1 On The Issues, "Hirono Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  22. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," accessed November 7, 2012
  23. 23.0 23.1 Hawaii Civil Beat, "Alaska GOP Rep. Young Backs Hirono," accessed July 25, 2012
  24. 24.0 24.1 The Hill, "Lingle criticizes fellow Republican backing her Dem Senate opponent," accessed July 27, 2012
  25. 25.0 25.1 Hawaii Reporter, "Hawaii Republican John Carroll endorses U.S. Senate Democratic Nominee Mazie Hirono," accessed August 28, 2012
  26. Roll Call, "Hawaii: Don Young Backs Linda Lingle After Supporting Mazie Hirono, Pushes Oil Exploration," accessed October 16, 2012
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. Open Secrets, "Mazie Hirono," accessed April 3, 2013
  29. Open Secrets, "Mazie Hirono 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  30. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  31. Open Secrets, "Mazie K. Hirono 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 28, 2011
  32. OpenSecrets, "Hirono, (D-HI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  33. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  34. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  35. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  36. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  37. GovTrack, "Hirono," accessed June 20, 2013
  38. OpenCongress, "Rep. Jo Hirono," accessed August 2, 2013
  39. GovTrack, "Chris Hirono," accessed March 29, 2013
  40. LegiStorm, "Mazie K. Hirono" accessed 2012
  41. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  42. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  43. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Inouye (D)
U.S. Senate - Hawaii
2013–present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Ed Case
U.S. House of Representatives - Hawaii District 2
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Tulsi Gabbard (D)
Preceded by
'
Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
1994–2002
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Hawaii House of Representatives
1980–1994
Succeeded by
'