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Michigan House of Representatives District 31

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Michigan House of Representatives District 31
Current incumbentMarilyn Lane Democratic Party
Gender51.9% Female, 48.1% Male
Race78.3% White, 16.7% Black, 2.6% Two or More Races, 1.4% Asian, 0.6% Other, 0.4% Native American
Ethnicity97.6% Non-Hispanic, 2.4% Hispanic
Next electionNovember 4, 2014
Michigan's thirty-first state house district is held by Democratic Representative Marilyn Lane.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 86,265 civilians reside within Michigan's thirty-first state house district.[1] Michigan state representatives represent an average of 89,851 residents.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 90,349 residents.[3]

About the office

Members of the Michigan House of Representatives serve two-year terms with term limits.[4] Michigan legislators assume office the at noon on first day of January.


Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[5]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Michigan legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan representatives are subject to term limits of no more than three two-year terms, or a total of six years.[4]

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

Whenever a vacancy occurs in the house, it is up to the Governor to call for a special election. A special election must be held during the next scheduled general election.[6] If the vacancy happened after the statewide primary, leaders of the respective party organizations within the Senate district can submit a list of nominees to be voted on by party leadership. A vote must be held no later than 21 days after the vacancy.[7]



See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 7, 2012 and a general election on November 6, 2012. The signature-filing deadline for major party candidates wishing to run in this election was May 15, 2012. The deadline for independent candidates was July 19, 2012. The deadline for write-in candidates was July 27, 2012.[8] Incumbent Marilyn Lane (D) defeated Lynn Evans (R) and James Miller (L) in the general election. Lane was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Evans defeated Phil Rode in the Republican primary.[9][10]

Michigan House of Representatives, District 31, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMarilyn Lane Incumbent 61.7% 24,443
     Republican Lynn Evans 33.9% 13,404
     Libertarian James Miller 4.4% 1,742
Total Votes 39,589
Michigan House of Representatives, District 31 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLynn Evans 61.9% 2,625
Phil Rode 38.1% 1,618
Total Votes 4,243

Campaign contributions

Since 2000, candidates for Michigan House of Representatives District 31 have raised a total of $895,793. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $52,694 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Michigan House of Representatives District 31
Year Amount Candidates Average
2012 $82,747 3 $27,582
2010 $50,221 4 $12,555
2008 $122,852 2 $61,426
2006 $202,038 2 $101,019
2004 $300,920 3 $100,307
2002 $59,469 1 $59,469
2000 $77,546 2 $38,773
Total $895,793 17 $52,694

See also

External links