Michigan Marriage Amendment, Proposal 2 (2004)
The Michigan Marriage Initiative, also known as Proposal 2, was on the November 2004 ballot in Michigan as an initiated constitutional amendment, where it was approved and later overturned. The had stated that the union of one man and one woman in marriage would be the only agreement recognized as a marriage or similar union for any purpose.
On March 21, 2014, a federal district court judge Bernard Friedman ruled that the measure violated the U.S. Constitution, and ordered that the state stop enforcing the ban. Friedman stated that, "The court finds the (amendment) impermissibly discriminates against same-sex couples in violation of the Equal Protection Clause because the provision does not advance any conceivable state interest." The ruling followed similar rulings in Texas, Virginia, Oklahoma and Utah. However, the rulings in those cases only suspended the enforcement of similar laws until appeals could be made to higher courts.
The court ruling was suspended later on the same day by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnati until at least March 26, 2014, when the court was expected to decide whether to grant a longer injunction while it considers an appeal filed by Michigan’s attorney general.
|Michigan Proposal 2 (2004)|
|Overturned Case:DeBoer et al v. Snyder et al 12-CV-10285|
Official results via: The Michigan Secretary of the State
Financing the campaign
The "yes" campaign spent $1,931,409 and the "no" campaign spent $854,212.
Major donors to the "yes" side were:
- Archdiocese of Detroit, $538,100.
- Jointly, the Dioceses of Lansing, Grand Rapids, Saginaw, Gaylord, Kalamazoo and Marquette, $461,900.
- Family Research Council, $376,397.
Major donors to the "no" side were:
- Human Rights Campaign, $231,081.
- Jon Stryker, $20,000.
The following are measures that banned or attempted to ban same-sex marriages. Note that a number of them have been overturned.
- Alaska Marriage Amendment, Measure 2 (1998)
- Nevada Marriage Amendment, Question 2 (2002)
- Missouri Marriage Definition, Amendment 2 (August 2004)
- Louisiana Marriage Amendment, Question 1 (September 2004)
- Arkansas Same-Sex Marriage Ban, Proposed Constitutional Amendment 3 (2004)
- Georgia Marriage Amendment, Question 1 (2004)
- Kentucky Marriage Amendment (2004)
- Michigan Marriage Amendment, Proposal 2 (2004)
- Mississippi Marriage Definition, Amendment 1 (2004)
- Montana Marriage Verification, Measure CI-96 (2004)
- North Dakota Definition of Marriage, Constitutional Measure 1 (2004)
- Ohio Issue 1, the Marriage Amendment (2004)
- Oklahoma Marriage Question 711 (2004)
- Oregon Marriage Measure 36 (2004)
- Utah Same-Sex Marriage Ban, Amendment 3 (2004)
- Kansas Marriage Amendment (2005)
- Texas Definition of Marriage Act, Proposition 2 (2005)
- Alabama Sanctity of Marriage, Constitutional Amendment 774 (June 2006)
- Arizona Protect Marriage, Proposition 107 (2006)
- Colorado Definition of Marriage, Initiative 43 (2006)
- Idaho Marriage Definition, HJR 2 (2006)
- South Carolina Amendment 1, the Marriage Act (2006)
- South Dakota Marriage Amendment (2006)
- Tennessee Same-Sex Marriage Ban, Amendment 1 (2006)
- Virginia Question 1, Marriage Amendment (2006)
- Wisconsin Marriage Amendment, Question 1 (2006)
- Arizona Marriage Protection, Proposition 102 (2008)
- California Proposition 8, the "Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry" Initiative (2008)
- Florida Definition of Marriage, Amendment 2 (2008)
- North Carolina Same-Sex Marriage, Amendment 1 (May 2012)
- Minnesota Same-Sex Marriage Amendment, Amendment 1 (2012)
- Michigan 2004 ballot measures
- 2004 ballot measures
- List of Michigan ballot measures
- History of Initiative & Referendum in Michigan
- Michigan Department of State, "State Proposal - 04-2: Constitutional Amendment: recognition of 'marriage'," accessed March 24, 2014
- Michigan Legislature, "STATE CONSTITUTION (EXCERPT) CONSTITUTION OF MICHIGAN OF 1963, § 25 Marriage," accessed March 24, 2014
- CNN, "Federal judge strikes down Michigan's gay marriage ban," accessed March 24, 2014
- New York Times, "For Gay Couples in Michigan, a Day of Joy Ends in Legal Uncertainty," March 22, 2014, accessed March 24, 2014
- Follow the Money database for Michigan Proposal 2
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