Michigan State Senate District 16

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Michigan State Senate District 16
Current incumbentBruce Caswell Republican Party
Gender50.5% Male, 49.5% Female
Race92.9% White, 2.3% Black, 2.0% Other, 1.9% Two or More Races, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% Native American
Ethnicity94.4% Non-Hispanic, 5.6% Hispanic
Next electionNovember 6, 2018
Michigan's sixteenth state senate district is held by Republican Senator Bruce Caswell.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 253,123 civilians reside within Michigan's sixteenth state senate district.[1] Michigan state senators represent an average of 260,096 residents.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 261,538 residents.[3]

About the office

Members of the Michigan State Senate serve four-year terms with term limits.[4] Senators are elected at the same time as the governor and serve four-year terms concurrent with the governor's term of office. Senate elections are offset by two years from U.S. Presidential elections (e.g., Presidential elections were in 2000 and 2004, senate elections were in 2002 and 2006). Michigan legislators assume office the at noon on first day of January.


Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[5]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Michigan legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years. Senators who have not served more than half of someone else's Senate term are eligible for two full terms (i.e. - eight years). Michigan legislators assume office the at noon on first day of January.[4]

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

Whenever a vacancy occurs in the senate, it is up to the Governor to call for a special election. A special election must be held during the next scheduled general election.[6] If the vacancy happened after the statewide primary, leaders of the respective party organizations within the Senate district can submit a list of nominees to be voted on by party leadership. A vote must be held no later than 21 days after the vacancy.[7]



See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Michigan State Senate took place in 2014. A primary election was held on August 5, 2014, and a general election took place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 22, 2014. Kevin Commet was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Mike Shirkey was unopposed in the Republican primary. Shirkey defeated Commet in the general election.[8][9][10]

Michigan State Senate, District 16 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMike Shirkey 60.8% 41,667
     Democratic Kevin Commet 39.2% 26,823
Total Votes 68,490


See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Michigan State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2010 and a general election on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for major party candidates wishing to run in this election was May 11, 2010. The deadline for independent candidates was July 15, 2010.[11] Bruce Caswell (R) defeated Doug Spade (D) in the general election. Both candidates were unopposed in the August 3 primary elections.[12][13]

Michigan State Senate, District 16, General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBruce Caswell 64.5% 47,504
     Democratic Doug Spade 35.5% 26,181
Total Votes 73,685

Campaign contributions

Since 2002, candidates for Michigan State Senate District 16 have raised a total of $886,883. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $147,814 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Michigan State Senate District 16
Year Amount Candidates Average
2010 $388,327 2 $194,164
2006 $55,267 1 $55,267
2002 $443,289 3 $147,763
Total $886,883 6 $147,814

See also

External links