Michigan State Senate District 20
|Michigan State Senate District 20|
|Current incumbent||Margaret O'Brien|
|Gender||51.0% Female, 49.0% Male|
|Race||82.6% White, 10.2% Black, 3.2% Two or More Races, 1.6% Other, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% Native American|
|Ethnicity||95.9% Non-Hispanic, 4.1% Hispanic|
|Next election||November 6, 2018|
As of the 2010 census, a total of 269,554 civilians reside within Michigan's twentieth state senate district. Michigan state senators represent an average of 260,096 residents. After the 2000 Census, each member represented 261,538 residents.
About the office
Members of the Michigan State Senate serve four-year terms with term limits. Senators are elected at the same time as the governor and serve four-year terms concurrent with the governor's term of office. Senate elections are offset by two years from U.S. Presidential elections (e.g., Presidential elections were in 2000 and 2004, senate elections were in 2002 and 2006). Michigan legislators assume office the at noon on first day of January.
Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Michigan legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years. Senators who have not served more than half of someone else's Senate term are eligible for two full terms (i.e. - eight years). Michigan legislators assume office the at noon on first day of January.
The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.
Whenever a vacancy occurs in the senate, it is up to the Governor to call for a special election. A special election must be held during the next scheduled general election. If the vacancy happened after the statewide primary, leaders of the respective party organizations within the Senate district can submit a list of nominees to be voted on by party leadership. A vote must be held no later than 21 days after the vacancy.
- See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2014
Elections for the office of Michigan State Senate took place in 2014. A primary election was held on August 5, 2014, and a general election took place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 22, 2014. Sean McCann was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Margaret O'Brien defeated Ron Zuiderveen in the Republican primary. O'Brien defeated McCann and Lorence Wenke (L) in the general election.
|Michigan State Senate, District 20 General Election, 2014|
|Michigan State Senate, District 20 Republican Primary, 2014|
- See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2010
Elections for the office of Michigan State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2010 and a general election on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for major party candidates wishing to run in this election was May 11, 2010. The deadline for independent candidates was July 15, 2010. Tonya Schuitmaker (R) defeated Robert Jones (D) in the general election. Schuitmaker defeated Lorence Wenke and Larry Deshazor in the Republican primary. Jones defeated Mark Totten in the Democratic primary.
|Michigan State Senate, District 20, General Election, 2010|
|Michigan State Senate, District 20 Republican Primary, 2010|
|Michigan State Senate, District 20 Democratic Primary, 2010|
Since 2002, candidates for Michigan State Senate District 20 have raised a total of $4,620,120. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $420,011 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.
|Campaign contributions, Michigan State Senate District 20|
- For more information on the parameters the U.S. Census Bureau use, please see our Race and Ethnicity on the United States Census page.
- Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget, "Demographic Profiles of Michigan Senate Districts: 2010 Census." Retrieved October 25, 2013
- United States Census Bureau, "2010 Census Interactive Population Search," accessed September 11, 2013
- U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
- michiganinbrief.org, "Term limits," accessed December 17, 2013
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- Michigan Legislature, "Michigan Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 168.178, Michigan Compiled Laws)
- Michigan Legislature, "Michigan Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 168.634 (1)-(2), Michigan Compiled Laws)
- Michigan Secretary of State, "State Senator," accessed August 6, 2014
- Michigan Secretary of State, "State Senator," accessed December 5, 2014
- Michigan Secretary of State, "2014 Official Michigan Primary Candidate Listing," accessed May 27, 2014
- Michigan Secretary of State, "2014 Official Michigan General Candidate Listing," accessed September 8, 2014
- Michigan Secretary of State, "Filing Requirements: Office of State Senator – 2010 Election Cycle." Retrieved October 26, 2013
- Michigan Secretary of State, 2010 primary election results. Retrieved October 26, 2013
- Michigan Secretary of State, 2010 general election results. Retrieved October 26, 2013