|U.S. Senate, Wyoming|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||18|
|Predecessor||Alan K. Simpson (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|First elected||November 5, 1996|
|Wyoming State Senate|
|Wyoming House of Representatives|
|Mayor of Gillette, WY|
|High school||Sheridan High School|
|Bachelor's||George Washington University|
|Years of service||1967-1973|
|Date of birth||February 1, 1944|
|Place of birth||Bremerton, Wash.|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.1 National security
- 4.1.2 Economy
- 4.1.3 Immigration
- 4.1.4 Healthcare
- 4.1.5 Social issues
- 4.2 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 2014
- 6.2 Full history
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Recent news
- 11 Personal
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Enzi is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.
Enzi graduated from Sheridan High School. After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his MBA from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served in the National Guard for six years. Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Enzi served in the Wyoming House of Representatives and the Wyoming State Senate.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Enzi's political career:
- 1997-Present: U.S. Senator from Wyoming
- 1991-1996: Wyoming State Senate
- 1987-1991: Wyoming House of Representatives
- 1975-1982: Mayor of Gillette, Wyo.
Enzi served on the following Senate committees::
- Budget Committee
- Finance Committee
- The Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure
- The Subcommittee on Taxation and IRS Oversight Ranking Members
- The Subcommittee on Healthcare
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Subcommittee on Emergency Management, Intergovernmental Relations, and the District of Columbia
- Subcommittee on the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Federal Programs and the Federal Workforce
- Subcommittee on Financial and Contracting Oversight
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee
- Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
- Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety
- Subcommittee on Children and Families (Ranking Member)
Enzi served on the following Senate committees:
- Budget Committee
- Finance Committee
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Ranking Member
- Subcommittee on Children and Families Ex Officio Member
- Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety Ex Officio Member
- Subcommittee on Retirement and Aging Ex Officio Member
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Enzi's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Enzi voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.
The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Enzi joined with 19 other Republican senators in favor of the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Enzi voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Enzi voted with the Republican Party against the bill.
Enzi said he would return his earnings to the U.S. Treasury.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Enzi voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
Enzi voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Affordable Care Act
David Vitter (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange, American Health Benefit Exchange, from members of Congress and their staff to also include the president, vice-president, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibited any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, Dean Heller, Mike Lee, Ron Johnson and Jim Inhofe. Ted Cruz joined in on September 17, 2013.
Vitter's bill was a response to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management ruling that allows members of Congress and their staff to keep their insurance subsidies provided by the government. The federal agency issued a proposed rule in August 2013. After a comment period, a final rule was issued and became effective October 2, 2013.
Violence Against Women (2013)
Enzi voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Enzi is a Moderate Conservative. Enzi received a score of 38 percent on social issues and 60 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Opposes||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Opposes|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Opposes||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Opposes|
|Vouchers for school choice||Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Favors|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Opposes||Human needs over animal rights||Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Opposes|
|Support & expand free trade||Opposes||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Opposes|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Opposes||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Opposes|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Opposes||Expand the military||Opposes|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Strongly Opposes||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Opposes|
|Privatize Social Security||Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Strongly Opposes|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
Involvement in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
According to a report by The Hill in September 2013, Enzi was undecided on intervening in Syria, while Liz Cheney was among four Republican Senate candidates who had come out against it. Enzi blasted Cheney for her statements on Syria, telling POLITICO, "I never try to judge another person, particularly an opponent, but my dad always said, ‘If you want to see what somebody’s going to do, look and see what they’ve done before.' And this is kind of a turnaround from what she’s done before. I try to stay a bit more consistent than that."
Cheney responded to Enzi's comments saying, "he lacks experience in national security and foreign policy so it isn’t surprising he would fail to make distinctions between a misguided attack on Syria and military operations that are necessary to defend the security of the nation."
|U.S. Senate, Wyoming General Election, 2014|
|Republican||Mike Enzi Incumbent||72.2%||121,554|
|Source: Wyoming Secretary of State|
|U.S. Senate, Wyoming Republican Primary, 2014|
|Mike Enzi Incumbent||81.8%||77,965|
|Source: Wyoming Secretary of State|
Liz Cheney announced she was running for the seat Enzi currently holds, but she dropped out of the race after one of her children developed a serious health issue. Following Cheney's announcement in January 2014, Enzi asked for prayers for Cheney and her family. Enzi also mentioned Cheney had called to inform him of her decision. He said he wasn't sure if she was going to endorse him or not. He said, "I’d like for anybody to endorse me in the campaign — everybody to endorse me in the campaign, but you know she’s got other things on her mind. This was critical enough that she pulled of a race, so I’m not pressing for anything at this point."
Enzi spoke in September 2013 at the New York Meeting, which is a meeting of conservative activists and donors.
Enzi was named by National Journal as one of the top five incumbent senators at risk of losing his or her primary election. Four of the five most vulnerable senators were Republican.
Enzi was endorsed by the following people:
- Sen. Rand Paul endorsed Enzi over Cheney before she dropped out of the race. Paul said, "I am a friend of Sen. Enzi and while we aren’t exactly the same, I consider him a good conservative."
- Sen. Jerry Moran, the National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman announced the official party body will support Enzi and several Senators have followed suit, including Wyoming Senator John Barrasso.
- Sen. John McCain endorsed Enzi.
- Former Sen. Olympia Snowe endorsed Enzi. She stated:
- "There is no reason to challenge him. What is the basis? That he’s not working hard enough? He’s working very hard. That he’s not conservative enough? I think it’s regrettable.”
- Sen. Orrin Hatch endorsed Enzi. He stated:
- “I don’t know why in the world she’s [Cheney] doing this." Enzi is “honest and decent, hard-working; he’s got very important positions in the Senate. He’s highly respected. And these are all things that would cause anybody to say: ‘Why would anybody run against him?’”
- Sen John Cornyn endorsed Enzi, although he said he liked Cheney, as well. He reasoned:
- “This is about getting the majority in the Senate. And we have to support our friends and people who have done a good job.”
In August 2013, Liz Cheney called on Enzi, among other congressional members, to renounce the agreement allowing the government to subsidize part of the health care premiums for Congressional members and their staff. Cheney said, "The hypocrisy is stunning. But all too typical of how Congress works. Members cut special deals for themselves so they don’t feel the pain their laws inflict on the general public. That’s one of the reasons I’m running for the Senate — to end this self-serving, behind the scenes deal-making." Enzi's campaign spokesperson responded, "Senator Enzi has already opposed it and the other exemptions and delays for businesses, insurance companies etc. Senator Enzi will continue his efforts to defund and dismantle Obamacare. He’ll make decisions about his own health care without help from candidate Cheney."
Enzi blasted Cheney for comments she made in September 2013. According to the Jackson Hole News and Guide, Cheney "compared herself to Winston Churchill standing up to Adolf Hitler" in a speech to her supporters on September 3, 2013. Enzi referred to these comments in a interview with POLITICO. He said, "I had a lot of people who got ahold of me, and said, was she relating you to Adolf Hitler? So I certainly hope not…that’s a pretty strong statement to make against anybody, and it also called up some credibility on the Winston Churchill part too … If I’m involved in it, it was a terrible analogy, and probably one that deserved an apology."
Cheney offered clarification on her analogy following Enzi's comments. She explained, "The historical analogy was not a comparison of anyone to past figures. My point is that there are turning points in the lives of nations. The spring of 1940 was one such moment, Reagan’s election in 1980 was another. These are moments of decision that determine the future of freedom, and I believe now is one of them."
Dick Cheney friendship
Enzi responded to Dick Cheney's claim that he shares no friendship with Enzi. According to Enzi, they share a love of fishing. Enzi said, "I anchored the One Fly Fishing Contest with him one time, and I was asked to speak at his induction in the fly fishing Hall of Fame. And we’ve talked about fishing when we’ve been together." Enzi also pointed out that when he was a mayor, Cheney was serving as his U.S. Representative.
Although Liz Cheney criticized Enzi for compromising in Washington, not everyone in Wyoming saw that as a problem. State Senator Charles Scott explained, "Ms. Cheney, when she started out, criticized [Enzi] for being willing to compromise with the Democrats. A lot of people out here thought, ‘Jeez, the problem with Washington is they won’t compromise when they need to.’"
|Poll||Mike Enzi||Charlie Hardy||Other/Undecided||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
September 20 - October 1, 2014
August 20-21, 2014
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org|
A July 17-18, 2013 poll conducted by Harper Polling, found that Wyoming Republican voters favored Enzi 55 percent to Cheney's 21 percent. The poll found that both candidates had near universal name recognition in the state. This poll indicated that Cheney would have faced an uphill battle for the seat, if she had stayed in the race. Enzi had a 73 percent approval rating at the time of the poll, and 38 percent polled said that they had heard of Cheney but had no opinion of her.
To view the full congressional electoral history for Mike Enzi, click [show] to expand the section.
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Enzi attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor information for Enzi is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Enzi raised a total of $3,808,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.
|Mike Enzi's Campaign Contribution History|
|2008||U.S. Senate (Wyoming)||$2,368,893|
|2002||U.S. Senate (Wyoming)||$1,439,325|
|Grand Total Raised||$3,808,218|
|Mike Enzi (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 14, 2013||$275,211.00||$163,915.68||$(63,230.56)||$375,896.12|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$375,896.12||$171,290.52||$(59,036.10)||$488,150.54|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$488,150.54||$848,311.48||$(127,053.13)||$1,209,408.89|
|Year-end||January 31, 2014||$1,209,408||$987,352||$(369,036)||$1,827,725|
Enzi has received donations from several big companies and organizations, including Koch Industries PAC, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Time Warner Cable, Pfizer and National Retail Federation. Senators Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina have also donated via their leadership PACs.
Enzi's supporters formed the Super PAC. "Wyoming's Own," in the wake of Cheney's primary challenge. Co-founder Bill Cubin said, "Liz Cheney can raise a lot of money, and she can raise enough to make this race competitive. The purpose of our PAC is to prevent that." He added, "Our purpose isn’t to throw muck. Enzi is a humble, soft-spoken, hard-working public servant for Wyoming. He along with Sen. (John) Barrasso and Rep. (Cynthia) Lummis are really one of the strongest delegations in Congress. We want to protect that delegation."
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.
|U.S. Senate, Wyoming, 2008 - Mike Enzi Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$32,326|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$27,258|
|Top contributors to Mike Enzi's campaign committee|
|Blue Cross/Blue Shield||$17,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$153,100|
|Oil & Gas||$123,300|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Rockefeller's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $345,057 to $1,531,000. That averages to $938,028.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Enzi ranked as the 65th most wealthy senator in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, Enzi‘s calculated net worth increased by an average of 6 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Mike Enzi Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2004 to 2012:||49%|
|Average annual growth:||6%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Enzi received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Pharmaceuticals/Health Products industry.
From 1995-2014, 29.92 percent of Enzi's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Mike Enzi Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Oil & Gas||$489,933|
|Securities & Investment||$423,100|
|% total in top industry||6.8%|
|% total in top two industries||13.07%|
|% total in top five industries||29.92%|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Enzi most often votes with:
Enzi least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Enzi missed 125 of 5,623 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranked 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 18th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Wyoming ranked 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Enzi ranked second in the conservative rankings in 2013.
Enzi ranked eighth in the conservative rankings in 2012.
Enzi ranked fourth in the conservative rankings in 2011.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Enzi voted with the Republican Party 90.6 percent of the time, which ranked 12th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of August 2014.
Enzi voted with the Republican Party 91.8 percent of the time, which ranked 11th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mike + Enzi + Wyoming + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Michael B. Enzi," accessed October 19, 2011
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
- Mike Enzi Official Senate site, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 19, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
- USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
- ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
- Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
- Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
- Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Congress.gov, "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013
- Regulations.gov, "Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: Members of Congress and Congressional Staff," October 2, 2013
- Forbes, "Congressmen Rejoice! Govt. To Subsidize Their Health Insurance Through Obamacare's Exchanges," August 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- On The Issues, "Enzi Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- PoliticalNews.me, "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012
- Politico, "Senate primary challengers target GOP incumbents on Syria strikes," September 8, 2013
- POLITICO, "Mike Enzi: Liz Cheney’s Syria stance a reversal," accessed September 17, 2013
- Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013
- Associated Press, "Wyoming - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 19, 2014
- Roll Call, "Enzi Encourages Prayers for Cheney Family After High-Fives on Senate Floor (Video)," accessed January 7, 2014
- Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013
- National Journal, "Ranking the Top 5 Senators Vulnerable in 2014 Primaries," accessed December 31, 2013
- Politico, "Rand Paul: I’ve got Mike Enzi’s back vs. Liz Cheney," accessed July 12, 2013
- Huffington Post, "John McCain Endorses Mike Enzi (VIDEO)," accessed July 20, 2013
- Politico, "Olympia Snowe: Liz Cheney challenge to Mike Enzi ‘unfortunate,’" accessed July 23, 2013
- Politico, "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," accessed July 29, 2013
- Politico, "Liz Cheney: Mike Enzi should ‘renounce’ deal," accessed August 13, 2013
- Jackson Hole News and Guide, "Cheney knocks Obama, papers," accessed September 17, 2013
- Politico, "Mike Enzi says VP Dick Cheney telling fish tales," accessed October 29, 2013
- Roll Call, "For Wyoming, Cheney Sisters' Squabble Over Same-Sex Marriage Barely Registers," accessed November 21, 2013
- Politico, "Poll: Mike Enzi crushing Liz Cheney in Wyo.," accessed July 29, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Elections of November 4, 2008," accessed October 19, 2011
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Donor history for Mike Enzi," accessed April 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Enzi 2014 Summary reports," accessed August 2, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 2, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 2, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
- Politico, "Koch, McConnell PACs give to Enzi," accessed July 22, 2013
- Casper Star Tribune, "Mike Enzi supporters start first super PAC to fundraise against Liz Cheney," accessed November 25, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011
- OpenSecrets, "Enzi, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Mike Enzi," accessed October 2, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2013
- GovTrack, "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014
- GovTrack, "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013
- GovTrack, "Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014
- LegiStorm, "Mike Enzi"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," August 14, 2014
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Mike Enzi Official Senate site, "About Mike," accessed October 19, 2011
Alan K. Simpson
|U.S. Senate - Wyoming
| Succeeded by|