|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII • XIV|
- 1 Features
- 2 Preamble
- 3 Article I
- 4 Article II
- 5 Article III
- 6 Article IV
- 7 Article V
- 8 Article VI
- 9 Article VII
- 10 Article VIII
- 11 Article IX
- 12 Article X
- 13 Article XI
- 14 Article XII
- 15 Article XIII
- 16 Article XIV
- 17 Amending the constitution
- 18 History
- 19 See also
- 20 External links
- 21 Additional reading
- 22 References
The Minnesota Constitution was adopted on October 13, 1857 and generally revised on November 5, 1974.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The preamble to the constitution states:
Article I of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Bill of Rights" and consists of 17 sections.
Article II of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Name and Boundaries" and consists of two sections.
Article III of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Distribution of the Powers of Government" and consists of one section.
Article IV of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Legislative Department" and consists of 26 sections.
Article V of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Executive Department" and consists of seven sections.
Article VI of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Judiciary" and consists of 13 sections.
Article VII of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Public Highway System" and consists of nine sections.
Article VIII of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Impeachment and Removal from Office" and consists of six sections.
Article IX of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Amendments to the Constitution" and consists of three sections.
Article X of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Taxation" and consists of eight sections.
Article XI of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Appropriations and Finances" and consists of 15 sections.
Article XII of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Special Legislation; Local Government" and consists of five sections.
Article XIII of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Miscellaneous Subjects" and consists of 12 sections.
Article XIV of the Minnesota Constitution is entitled "Public Highway System" and consists of 13 sections.
Amending the constitution
The Minnesota Constitution can be amended via two different paths:
- Through a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment as established in Section 1 of Article IX. These can be proposed in either chamber of the Minnesota State Legislature. Proposed amendments must be agreed to by a majority of the members of each chamber of the legislature. Elections on proposed constitutional amendments can only occur on a general election date. Proposed amendments on different subjects must be split into more than one proposed amendment.
- Through a constitutional convention as established in Section 3 of Article IX. For a constitutional convention question to go on the Minnesota ballot, two-thirds of the members of each chamber of the Minnesota legislature must vote in favor. Any amendments that are proposed by a constitutional convention must go before the state's voters and there, must be approved by a 60 percent supermajority vote.
- A unique feature of Minnesota's law is that it takes a higher percentage vote (60 percent) to approve amendments proposed by a constitutional convention than amendments proposed by the legislature.
When Republican and Democratic delegates to Minnesota's first constitutional convention met in St. Paul, Minnesota to draft a constitution, they refused to meet in the same convention. The parties separated into different rooms and held their own sessions, and the two groups never fully met together. Instead, they sent conferees to a smaller session who were in charge of drafting a constitution that both parties could agree on. However, there was still such dispute between the parties that they refused to sign a document the other party members signed, and thus two copies were made, one for each party to sign. The final document was sent to the people to vote on October 13, 1857, and they overwhelmingly approved it, 30,055 to 571.
In 1971, the Minnesota State Legislature established a constitutional study commission. After studying the state's 1857 constitution, the commission recommended it be restructured for easy reference and rewritten in modern language. An amendment to do exactly that was passed by both the Minnesota State Senate and the Minnesota House of Representatives. It was then signed by the governor and ratified by voters on November 5, 1974.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- Minnesota State Legislature, "Constitution of the State of Minnesota"
- Minnesota Secretary of State, "Amendments to Minnesota's Constitution proposed to the voters since 1858"
- Minnesota Historical Society, "Minnesota's Constitution(s)"
- Minnesota Statutes, "161.114 Constitutional trunk highways"
- Minnesota Legislative Manual 1973–74
- Morrison, Mary Jane (2002). The Minnesota State Constitution: A Reference Guide, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
- MinnPost, "An interactive history of constitutional amendments in Minnesota"
- Riner, Steve (2003). "Legal Basis for Establishment of Minnesota Trunk Highways". The Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page