Mississippi Right to Hunt and Fish Amendment, HCR 30 (2014)

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HCR 30
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Constitution:Constitutional amendment
Referred by:Mississippi State Legislature
Topic:Hunting and fishing on the ballot
Status:Approved Approveda
2014 measures
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November 4
HCR 30 Approveda

The Mississippi Right to Hunt and Fish Amendment, HCR 30 was on the November 4, 2014 ballot in Mississippi as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. The measure established a constitutional right to hunt, fish and harvest game species throughout Mississippi.[1]

HCR 30 was sponsored in the Mississippi Legislature by State Representative Lester Carpenter (R-1).[1]

In Mississippi, a proposed amendment can be passed by majority vote, provided that the total number of votes cast on the initiative equals at least 30 percent of the total votes cast in the election.

Election results

Mississippi HCR 30
Approveda Yes 524,423 87.97%

Election results via: Mississippi Secretary of State

Text of measure

Ballot title

The official ballot text was as follows:[2]

House Concurrent Resolution 30 - This proposed constitutional amendment establishes hunting, fishing and the harvesting of wildlife, including by the use of traditional methods, as a constitutional right subject only to such regulations and restrictions that promote wildlife conservation and management as the Legislature may prescribe by general law.

Yes ___
No ___[3]

Constitutional changes

See also: Article III, Mississippi Constitution

HCR 30 added a Section 12A to Article III of the Mississippi Constitution. The new section reads as:[2]

Section 12A. The people have the right to hunt, fish and harvest wildlife, including by the use of traditional methods, subject only to laws and regulations that promote wildlife conservation and management and that preserve the future of hunting and fishing, as the Legislature may prescribe by general law. Public hunting and fishing shall be a preferred means of managing and controlling wildlife. This section may not be construed to modify any provision of law relating to trespass, property rights, the regulation of commercial activities or the maintenance of levees pursuant to Article 11.[3]


Voting on Hunting & Fishing
Ballot Measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot

Before the passage of HCR 30, seventeen states had constitutional amendments providing for the right to hunt and fish. Vermont was the first state to constitutionalize such a right in 1777. The other sixteen states all adopted right to hunt and fish amendments since 1996:[4]

In 2014, California and Rhode Island had constitutional amendments guaranteeing the right to fish, but not to hunt.

Mississippi's neighboring state, Alabama, approved an additional right to hunt and fish amendment in 2014.


The measure was introduced into the legislature by Rep. Lester Carpenter (R-1).[1]



Rep. Lester Carpenter (R-1) introduced the amendment into the legislature.

The amendment received unanimous support in the Mississippi Senate.

The following officials sponsored the amendment in the Mississippi Legislature:[1]



  • Lacey Biles, spokesperson for the National Rifle Association (NRA), stated, "Years down the road, even a hunter-friendly state might turn the other way. It might be 20 years down the road, it might be 50. That's the whole point of a constitutional amendment, to protect the future, and a hunting heritage that is rich in Mississippi currently, we want that to be enshrined for generations to come."[8]


There was no organized opposition to the amendment.[9]


  • The Humane Society[9]


  • Tracy Coppola, director of the Humane Society’s Wildlife Abuse Campaign, said, “[The amendment] could prevent really progressive reform that would be necessary if there were really egregious abuse, certain forms of trapping like the kind we’re trying to fight against in Maine.”[9]

Path to the ballot

Mississippi Constitution
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See also: Amending the Mississippi Constitution

The amendment was required to be approved by a two-thirds vote in both state legislative chambers. HCR 30 was approved by the Mississippi House of Representatives on March 15, 2013. The amendment was approved by the Mississippi Senate on April 10, 2013.[1]

House vote

March 15, 2013 House vote

Mississippi HCR 30 House Vote
Approveda Yes 104 88.14%

Senate vote

April 10, 2013 Senate vote

Mississippi HCR 30 Senate Vote
Approveda Yes 52 100.00%

Related measures

See also

Suggest a link

Additional reading

External links