Mississippi Voter Identification Amendment, Initiative 27 (2011)
- 1 Aftermath
- 2 Election results
- 3 Text of measure
- 4 Support
- 5 Opposition
- 6 Media endorsements
- 7 Polls
- 8 Path to the ballot
- 9 Timeline
- 10 Similar measures and laws
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 Additional reading
- 14 References
The measure requires Voter ID at the polls in the state. It was sponsored by Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann and State Senator Joey Fillingane after the Mississippi State Senate failed to take action on the proposal.
The United States Justice Department will review the approved measure to deem whether or not the amendment is constitutional. Under the federal 1965 Voting Rights Act, the state must obtain pre-clearance from federal officials before making changes to the state election process.
- See also: 2011 ballot measure election results
|Mississippi Initiative 27|
Official results via the Mississippi Secretary of State's website.
Text of measure
- "Should the Mississippi Constitution be amended to require a person to submit government issued photo identification in order to vote?"
The ballot summary of the measure read as follows:
- Initiative #27 would amend the Mississippi Constitution to require voters to submit a government issued photo identification before being allowed to vote; provides that any voter lacking government issued photo identification may obtain photo identification without charge from the Mississippi Department of Public Safety; and exempts certain residents of state-licensed care facilities and religious objectors from being required to show photo identification in order to vote.
- Based on Fiscal Year 2010 information, the Department of Public Safety issued 107,094 photo IDs to U.S. citizens of voting age. The individuals were assessed $14 per ID to offset a portion of the $17.92 cost per ID. The cost is estimated to remain the same, but the assessment will no longer be allowable under the provision of Initiative 27. Therefore, the Department of Public Safety is estimated to see a loss of revenue of approximately $1,499,000.
|Elections and campaigns on the ballot in 2011|
- Measure sponsor Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann said at the time that voter ID may not be the perfect solution to ending voter fraud but it was a step in the right direction: "It would not be correct to say that voter ID is the answer to each and every one of our voting problems. We have absentee ballot–fraud issues. We have affidavit ballot–fraud issues."
- State Senator Joey Fillingane was a supporter of the measure, stating, "There's still voter fraud going on in 2011 now and that ought not to be. I think we're one of only seven states that doesn't have some kind of photo i.d. requirement so we're way behind the eight ball on this."
- Sid Salter, a syndicated columnist, stated about the measure in a column published by the Clarion Ledger: "Voter ID requirements are long overdue in Mississippi and have reached the ballot over the most specious and manufactured objections. But as the state's chief election officer confirmed this week, voter ID gets the most headlines while absentee ballot abuse actually has the potential to do the most harm in Mississippi elections."
- According to Mississippi resident, Conrad Anderson, Jr., in a letter to The Natchez Democrat: "And for those who were unaware, this issue was brought up at the Natchez Board of Aldermen meeting and a vote was taken in an attempt to have the city officially oppose the voter ID ballot proposal. In light of recent events, it would appear there are much more important issues for certain members of the board of aldermen to be concerned about than trying to intimidate voters on voter ID issues. I would encourage all registered voters to go to the polls on Nov. 8 and vote in favor of voter ID."
|Total campaign cash|
|Mississippi Republican Party||$16,500|
|Voter ID (PAC)||$375|
- Rep. Ed Blackmon said of the measure,"I think it's counter-productive" and compares it to a 2001 vote to keep the state flag which depicts the Confederate Battle Flag.
- Sen. David Jordan agreed with Blackmon, stating, "I still think it is a barrier that is going to hurt poor people who struggled to get the right to vote."
- Johnny DuPree stated he would vote against the measure: "One writer said that it is a solution looking for a problem. And I believe that's exactly what it is."
- According to Clarion Ledger Editorial Director David Hampton, the initiative and referendum process brought up causes for concern. In a column, Ledger stated, "The idea of initiative and referendum has always worried me. It creates many more problems than it solves. It can result in some downright stupid and dangerous public policy." Later, Ledger commented on the three Mississippi initiatives that were certified for the ballot in 2011: Mississippians will be asked to vote on three initiatives this year, at least at this point. Two are being challenged in court and may or may not make the ballot in November. We'll see...In my opinion, not only are these items not needed, they actually can do some harm, especially the eminent domain and personhood amendments."
- Opponents contended that the requirement may decrease voter turnout, for example, those without drivers licenses or minorities.
- According to Sam Hall, campaign manager for Mississippi Lieutenant Governor Phil Bryant, the measure was more about the goal to suppress voting, particularly among young people, racial minorities and those with low income: "We can certainly say that this is not just about voter ID."
- Nsombi Lambright, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Mississippi, argued against the initiative: "Voter ID is one of those unnecessary barriers to the voting booth. We believe it's going to represent a strong deterrent for communities of color, for the elderly and for poor folks to go to the ballot box."
According to the state campaign finance database, there were no registered committees (PACs).
(last updated November 2011)
- The Press-Register supported the proposed voter ID initiative: "The justice also noted what should be obvious: The risk of voter fraud is real and 'could affect the outcome of a close election.' Alabama and Mississippi need to adopt voter ID laws that lessen the risk of fraud and protect the rights of qualified voters."
- See also: Polls, 2011 ballot measures
Public Policy Polling released poll numbers on November 7 that showed the "yes" side with a commanding lead going into the November 8 election. The poll was taken of 796 voters between November 4-6.
|Date of Poll||Pollster||In favor||Opposed||Undecided||Number polled|
|November 4-6, 2011||Public Policy Polling||64%||29%||7%||796|
Path to the ballot
- See also: Mississippi signature requirements
When introducing a citizen-initiated ballot measure in the state, the first step is to file a typewritten copy of the proposed initiative with the Mississippi Secretary of State. The sponsor has the authority to accept or reject any of the recommendations from the Revisor of the Statutes, who receives the initiative from the secretary. The Attorney General will then draft the ballot title (not exceeding 20 words) and the ballot summary (not exceeding 75 words). The Mississippi Attorney General will file both the title and summary with the Secretary of State, who will then notify the sponsor by certified mail of the exact language in the ballot title and summary. Once the ballot title and ballot summary have been finalized, the sponsor may begin collecting signatures.
- See also: Signature requirements in Mississippi
At least 90,000 signatures, spread equally from Mississippi's congressional districts were needed in order for the petition drive to be certified. The deadline for the 2010 ballot was October 1, 2009, however, supporters missed the deadline. Instead, supporters aimed for the 2011 ballot. The signature petition deadline was February 14, 2010. According to state rules, at least 17,857 signatures were required from each of the five congressional districts.
Signature filing and verification
On February 11, 2010 approximately 130,000 signatures were submitted to the Mississippi Secretary of State. On March 8th the secretary of state affirmed that the measure had sufficient signatures, 131,678 signatures, to proceed to the 2011 ballot. Supporters collected 7,336 signatures in Jackson County, the second highest total, and more than 8,300 signatures in DeSoto County.
The measure is an indirect initiated constitutional amendment, which means that it was proposed by citizens through initiative and does not go immediately to the ballot after a successful petition drive to collect sufficient valid signatures. Rather, once the signatures are collected, the amendment that the citizens are proposing must first be submitted to the state legislature for consideration. Only after the state legislature has considered and possibly also taken a limited range of options that may affect the amendment does it go on the statewide ballot for consideration by the voters. The measure went through this process, was not acted up on by legislature, and therefore placed on the ballot for voter decision.
The following is a timeline of events surrounding the measure:
|Signatures collected||July 2009||Voter ID activists announced that they had collected approximately 25,000 signatures.|
|Signature verification||Sept. 11, 2009||According to Mississippi Republican Party Chairman Brad White, 35,000 signatures had already been verified.|
|Petition submission||Feb. 11, 2010||Supporters submitted approximately 130,000 more signatures to the Mississippi Secretary of State.|
|Certification||March 8, 2010||The Secretary of State affirmed that the measure had sufficient signatures to proceed to the 2011 ballot.|
|Legislative review||Jan. 4, 2011||Initiative presented to Legislature for review.|
Similar measures and laws
The measure came shortly after similar measures were either on or proposed for other statewide ballots:
- 2008: The Missouri Voter ID amendment was proposed for the general election. The measure would have required all voters in Missouri to have valid photo identification in order to be permitted to vote. The measure failed to be approved by both houses and therefore did not appear on the ballot.
- 2010: The Oklahoma Voter ID measure appeared in the general election, where it was approved. The ballot measure proposed that voters should have to produce photo identification in order to vote.
- At the time, 27 states had a law in place that requires some form of identification before voting.
- Mississippi Voter ID initiative gets a place on 2011 ballot
- Mississippi Voter ID signatures filed for 2011 ballot
- Mississippi Voter ID initiative surpasses signature halfway mark
- Mississippi Voter ID likely to be on 2011 ballot
- Mississippi Voter ID petition deadline weeks away
- GOP joins in Mississippi Voter ID campaign
- Voter ID petition circulating in Mississippi
- Mississippi initiatives presented to Legislature
- First week of session interesting
- Desoto Times Tribune, "Voter ID’s time has come in Mississippi," May 28, 2010
- Initiatives stack up as a GOP trifecta
- Voters to get lesson on initiatives
- Ballot initiative aims to prevent voter fraud
- WTOK, "Voter Identification Petition Drive," May 25, 2009
- Commercial Appeal, "Mississippi's voter ID initiative heads to feds," December 27, 2011
- Mississippi Secretary of State, "Initiative Measure No. 27," accessed February 7, 2011
- Mississippi Secretary of State, "Sample Official Election Ballot," accessed September 19, 2011
- Mississippi Secretary of State, "Initiative 27 Brochure," accessed August 18, 2011 (dead link)
- Commercial Appeal, "Photo ID fiscal impact to be included on ballot," October 20, 2011
- WLBT, "Voter ID measure could be placed on 2011 ballot," March 8, 2010
- Associated Press, "Voter ID gets a place on ballot," March 8, 2010
- WLBT.com, "Voter ID and eminent domain on November ballot," January 4, 2011
- Clarion Ledger, "Absentee ballot abuse more of a threat than voter ID," August 23, 2011
- The Natchez Democrat, "Voter identification does no harm," September 4, 2011
- Mississippi Secretary of State, "Search Box for Campaign Contributions," accessed May 11, 2011
- NECN.com, "Voter ID proposal on Mississippi ballot Nov. 8," October 27, 2011 (dead link)
- Clarion Ledger, "Voter ID lands on ballot," March 9, 2010
- Clarion Ledger, "Miss. gubernatorial candidates differ on voter ID need," September 26, 2011
- Clarion Ledger, "Miss. ballot initiatives are cause for concern," June 10, 2011
- The Clarion-Ledger, "Voter ID initiative remains a black-and-white issue," October 15, 2011
- Press-Register, "Editorial: Strengthen voter ID law," February 22, 2010
- Public Policy Polling, "Toss Up on Mississippi ‘Personhood’ Amendment," November 7, 2011
- The Mississippi Press, "Editorial: Jackson County helps break impasse over voter ID," March 11, 2010
- The Meridian Star, "Meridian Tea Party collects signatures for Voter ID Initiative," November 16, 2009
- Madison County Journal, "Perry / GOP pushing Voter ID," July 23, 2009
- WJTV, "Mississippi Secretary of State Receives Voter ID Petition," February 11, 2010
- Sun Herald, "SH - GOP needs more signatures for voter ID bill," September 11, 2009
- Associated Press, "GOP Says Voter ID Will Be on 2011 Ballot," February 12, 2010
- NCSL.org, "State Requirements for Voter ID," accessed February 8, 2011