Mississippi school districts
|K-12 Education in Mississippi|
|State Superintendent: Carey Wright|
|Number of students: 490,619|
|Number of teachers: 32,007|
|Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.3|
|Number of school districts: 163|
|Number of schools: 1,069|
|Graduation rate: 75%|
|Per-pupil spending: $7,928|
|Mississippi Department of Education • Mississippi school districts • List of school districts in Mississippi • Mississippi • School boards portal|
|Education policy project|
|Public education in the United States |
Public education in Mississippi
Glossary of education terms
- 1 Quick facts
- 2 In the news
- 3 State law
- 4 School board elections
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 References
State school administrators
- State Board of Education
- Dr. O. Wayne Gann, Chair, At-Large Member
- William Harold Jones, At-Large Member
- Rosemary G. Aultman, At-Large Member
- Charles McClelland, At-Large Member
- Richard Morrison, Administrator Representative
- Kami Bumgarner, Teacher Representative
- Vacant, First Supreme Court District Representative
- Dr. John R. Kelly, Second Supreme Court District Representative
- Vacant, Third Supreme Court District Representative
|Student enrollment||MCT2 Grade 8 scores|
|1.) DeSoto County||1.) Long Beach|
|2.) Jackson||2.) Enterprise|
|3.) Rankin County||3.) Pass Christian|
|4.) Harrison County||4.) Pontotoc City|
|5.) Madison County||5.) Ocean Springs|
|6.) Jackson County||6.) Petal|
|7.) Lamar County||7.) Madison County|
|8.) Vicksburg-Warren||8.) Tishomingo County|
|9.) Jones County||9.) Booneville|
|10.) Tupelo||10.) Union|
The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Mississippi as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.
|Demographic information for Mississippi's K-12 public school system|
|Ethnicity||Students||State Percentage||United States Percentage**|
|Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students||162||0.03%||0.42%|
|Two or more||3,043||0.62%||2.54%|
|**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.|
In the news
State test cheating allegations
The Mississippi Department of Education is investigating Clarksdale Municipal School District and potentially other school districts to determine the cause of irregularities in their standardized test scores. In May 2014, The Clarion-Ledger published a report alleging that irregular test scores by students in Heidelberg Elementary School in Clarksdale indicated the existence of significant cheating. The newspaper's report included claims from both students and teachers supporting the claim. The state department hired Caveon Test Security in the same month to investigate the allegations. After a second report by the newspaper revealed irregularities in other districts over a five-year span, Superintendent of Education Carey Wright spoke to lawmakers in the Mississippi State Legislature to announce that the department could launch additional investigations in these other districts.
Although Superintendent Wright agreed that educators discovered to be involved in this scandal would face the loss of their jobs and licenses, Mississippi House Education Committee Chair John Moore (R) argued that they should also face jail time and fines for what he considers "absolute fraud." Rep. Chuck Espy (D) insisted that not all of the blame should fall on teachers if they were involved with cheating, since, "The measure of a great teacher is not a test, but their jobs are based solely on the [Quality Distribution Index] and the [Mississippi Curriculum Test]."
Jackson County school resource officers
After receiving a state grant, Jackson County School District hired three armed police officers to provide security in its schools, which began in the 2013-2014 school year. Following the decision, Superintendent Barry Amacker explained, "They'll be very quickly available if a situation arises or just being there to be visible. It's always great to have a presence of law enforcement in your building." Jackson County Sheriff Mike Byrd added, "It was a need... They will have full arrest powers. They are certified law enforcement officers, and this is going to curtail we hope any problems that may arise in the future. ...With everything that's happening in the country, even the state that we've had happen, it's imperative that we be proactive rather than reactive."
Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Mississippi State Board of Education adopted the standards on June 28, 2010. Full implementation was scheduled to be achieved in the 2013-2014 academic year.
School board composition
Mississippi school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members for municipal separate school districts are appointed and confirmed by the local mayor, city council or board of aldermen. Mississippi school board elections typically follow the district method. In district elections, only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.
Most school boards consist of five members, although there are a few exceptions with six or seven members. School board members serve five-year terms, except for county school districts and two special municipal school districts whose board members serve six-year terms.
- Municipal separate districts include the area of a municipality and possibly added territory beyond that municipality. Municipal separate districts have not been authorized since 1987, but those districts that existed before that time may still operate unless abolished by the county board of education or the district's own board of education, if petitioned to do so by residents.
- Special municipal separate districts are municipal separate districts in which the added territory contains at least a quarter of the district's students.
- County districts include all of the territory in a county, except for any territory possessed by a municipal separate district.
- Consolidated districts include portions of a county that are not possessed by either a county school district or a municipal separate district.
- Consolidated line districts are similar to consolidated districts but possess territory in multiple counties.
Mississippi does not impose statewide term limits on school board members. State Senator Sollie Norwood (D) introduced SB 2635 on January 20, 2014, which would have created term limits for all municipal separate school districts, but the bill died in committee on February 4, 2014.
School board elections
- See also: Mississippi school board elections, 2015
A total of one Mississippi school district among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold an election for one seat on November 3, 2015. Jackson County School District served 9,357 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Click on the district name for more information on the district and its school board elections.
|2015 Mississippi School Board Elections|
|District||Date||Seats up for election||Total board seats||Student enrollment|
|Jackson County School District||11/3/2015||1||5||9,357|
Path to the ballot
To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in Mississippi, a person must be:
- A resident of and registered voter in the school district
- The holder of either a high school diploma or its equivalent
A person must not be:
- An employee of the school district
- Married to an employee of the school district
The process of running for office as a school board candidate begins with filing a "qualifying statement of intent" with the county election commission. The number of petition signatures required and the filing deadlines vary according to the type of school district:
- Candidates in municipal separate districts must include a minimum of 25 petition signatures and it must be filed at least 60 days prior to the election.
- Candidates in special municipal separate districts in Louisville, Natchez-Adams, Grenada and Tishomingo must include a minimum of 150 petition signatures and it must be filed between 90 and 30 days prior to the election.
- Candidates in the Vicksburg-Warren special municipal separate district must include a minimum of 150 petition signatures and it must be filed between 90 and 60 days prior to the election.
- Candidates in county districts must include a minimum of 50 petition signatures and it must be filed between 90 and 60 days prior to the election. If there are fewer than 100 qualified electors in a district, candidate petitions must only be signed by a minimum of 20 percent of residents.
- Candidates in consolidated and consolidated line districts must include a minimum of 50 petition signatures and it must be filed between 90 and 60 days prior to the election. If there are fewer than 100 qualified electors in a district, candidate petitions must only be signed by a minimum of 20 percent of residents.
School board election dates also vary according to the type of school district:
- Municipal separate districts hold elections on the first Saturday of March.
- Two special municipal separate districts hold elections on the first Saturday of March, but two other districts hold their elections during the November general election. In the fifth special municipal separate district, board members are appointed on or before March 1 each year.
- County districts hold elections during the November general election.
- Consolidated and consolidated line districts hold elections during the November general election.
Mississippi requires all school board candidates to file a statement of economic interest with the Mississippi Ethics Commission within 15 days after qualifying as a candidate. All candidates must file periodic, pre-election and annual campaign finance reports with the municipal clerk. If a candidate receives a contribution of more than $200 between 10 days and 48 hours preceding the election, that candidate must file a "48 hour report" with the municipal clerk.
- School board elections portal
- United States school districts
- List of school districts in Mississippi
- Mississippi Department of Education
- Public education in Mississippi
- Mississippi Secretary of State
- Mississippi Department of Education
- Mississippi School Boards Association
- Mississippi Federation of Teachers
- Mississippi Professional Educators
- National Center for Education Statistics school district search tool
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
- ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
- United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
- Mississippi Department of Education, "Mississippi District and School Information," accessed August 6, 2013
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary & Secondary Education Finance," accessed August 6, 2013
- Mississippi Department of Education, "Enrollment, Year 2011-2012," accessed August 6, 2013 (timed out)
- Mississippi Department of Education, "Mississippi Board of Education," accessed June 13, 2014
- Mississippi Department of Education, "2012 Student Assessment Information," accessed August 6, 2013
- United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
- The Clarion-Ledger, "State considers more cheating probes," June 30, 2014
- The Clarion-Ledger, "Lawmakers grill Mississippi Dept. of Education officials," June 30, 2014
- WLOX, "Armed officers start patrolling Jackson County schools," August 7, 2013
- Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State,” accessed June 12, 2014
- Mississippi Department of Education, "Common Core State Standards," accessed June 17, 2014
- Mississippi School Boards Association, "So You Want To Be A School Board Member: A Guide for Candidates," accessed July 9, 2014
- United State Census Bureau, "Mississippi," accessed July 9, 2014
- Mississippi Legislature, "Senate Bill 2635," accessed July 9, 2014
- Secretary of State, "2013 Candidate Qualifying Guide," accessed July 10, 2014
- Secretary of State, "2014 Mississippi Elections Candidate Qualifying Guide," accessed July 10, 2014 (dead link)
- Secretary of State, "2014 Campaign Finance Guide," accessed July 10, 2014
State of Mississippi
|State executive officers||
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Mississippi Department of Education | Mississippi school districts |