Missouri House of Representatives
|Missouri House of Representatives|
|Term limits:||4 terms (8 years)|
|2013 session start:||January 9, 2013|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||Timothy Jones, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||John Diehl, (R)|
|Minority leader:||Jacob Hummel, (D)|
| Democratic Party (52) |
Republican Party (109)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art III, Missouri Constitution|
|Salary:||$35,915/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (163 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (163 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Missouri House Apportionment Commission and the Missouri Senate Apportionment Commission|
As of December 2013, Missouri is one of 13 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Article III of the Missouri Constitution establishes when the Missouri General Assembly, of which the House is a part is to meet. Section 20 of Article III states that the General Assembly shall convene its regular session on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January of each year. Section 20 requires the General Assembly to adjourn its regular session by May 30th.
Section 20 of Article III also allows for a special session of the General Assembly to be convened by a joint proclamation of three-fourths of the members of both houses.
- See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions'
In 2014, the Legislature is projected to be in session from January 8 through May 30.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 through May 30.
Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included tax credits, capital improvements, an income tax cut, and a major revision to the state's criminal code.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in session from January 4 through May 30.
The budget was the main focus of the session, as the state faced a $500 million spending gap in January. The agenda at the start of the session also included economic development, Workers Compensation reforms, and overhauling public school funding. Those items joined health care exchanges, birth control, charter schools, and sentencing guidelines for crack cocaine crimes as points of contention and accomplishment over the course of the session.
In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 5 through May 30.  Governor Jay Nixon called for a special legislative session for September 6, however, the session was called off when Republicans hesitated on a push to overhaul state tax credits and authorize several new incentive programs, including one for a China freight hub in St. Louis. Assembly members were sent home so that they might read the revised 219-page measure over the weekend. According to Senate President Pro Tem Robert Mayer, the "important" bill "needs the attention of every member of this body."
Ethics and transparency
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Missouri was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Missouri House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 114||T.J. McKenna||0.5%||15,460||Becky Ruth|
|District 150||Kent Hampton||1%||11,792||Tom Todd|
|District 20||John Mayfield||1.2%||15,206||Brent Lasater|
|District 17||Myron Neth||1.2%||17,213||Mark Ellebracht|
|District 90||Rick Stream||1.2%||22,610||Deb Lavender|
|District 111||Michael Frame||1.4%||15,888||Derrick Good|
|District 115||Elaine Gannon||1.7%||13,585||Rich McCane|
|District 94||Vicki Englund||1.9%||16,823||Cloria Brown|
|District 44||Caleb Rowden||2%||15,672||Ken Jacob|
|District 64||Robert Cornejo||3.1%||17,131||Wayne Henke|
During the 2012 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $16,194,797. The top 10 contributors were:
|2012 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|House Republican Campaign Committee Of Missouri||$839,231|
|Sinquefield, Rex A.||$301,500|
|Missouri Hospital Association||$198,650|
|Missouri House Democratic Campaign Committee||$164,831|
|Missouri Health Care Association||$141,468|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$126,725|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$123,265|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives were held in Missouri on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $11,420,148 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|House Republican Campaign Cmte of Missouri||$170,158|
|Sinquefield, Rex A||$158,500|
|Supporters of Health Research & Treatments||$126,725|
|Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce||$118,475|
|Missouri Leadership Cmte||$112,000|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$106,627|
|Missouri Health & Hospital Association||$98,050|
|Friends of Tilley||$89,780|
|Missouri Health Care Association||$81,734|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 5, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008. All 163 seats were up for election.
The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 25, 2008.
During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $14,236,059. The top 10 contributors were:
|2008 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$152,189|
|Missouri Hospital Association||$138,925|
|Missouri Health Care Association||$115,068|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$108,350|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$82,750|
|Association Of Missouri Electric Cooperatives||$77,525|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 163 seats were up for election.
The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 28, 2006.
During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $12,137,736. The top 10 contributors were:
|2006 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$170,960|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$115,799|
|Missouri State Medical Association||$87,045|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$86,300|
|Missouri Hospital Association||$63,525|
|23rd Republican Senatorial District Committee||$58,550|
|Missouri Motor Carriers Association||$53,850|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 163 seats were up for election.
During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $11,462,341. The top 10 contributors were:
|2004 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|Missouri Association Of Trial Attorneys||$146,180|
|90th Democratic Legislative District Committee||$120,735|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$112,625|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$78,350|
|Missouri State Medical Association||$75,100|
|7th Republican Congressional District Committee||$58,680|
|Missouri Motor Carriers Association||$53,250|
|Missouri State Auto Workers||$51,300|
|Missouri Credit Union Association||$49,900|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 6, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 163 seats were up for election.
During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $11,462,341. The top 10 contributors were:
|2002 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|Missouri Republican Party||$141,133|
|Missouri Association Of Trial Attorneys||$114,500|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$108,275|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$91,875|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$77,550|
|Missouri State Medical Association||$76,050|
|Weber, Winnie P. Faulkenberry||$76,000|
|7th Republican Congressional District Committee||$67,363|
Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 163 seats were up for election.
During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $7,102,185. The top 10 contributors were:
|2000 Donors, Missouri House of Representatives|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$485,219|
|Missouri Association Of Trial Attorneys||$120,300|
|Missouri Republican Party||$93,116|
|Missouri Association Of Realtors||$73,119|
|Missouri State Medical Association||$69,350|
|Missouri Bankers Association||$51,950|
|Missouri Chamber Of Commerce & Industry||$38,045|
|Missouri Motor Carriers Association-Motor Carrier Public Affairs||$35,775|
To be eligible to serve in the Missouri House of Representatives, a candidate must be:
- At least 24 years of age
- Qualified Missouri voter for two years before election
- Resident of the district which he is chosen to represent for 1 year before election
- Is not delinquent in the payment of any state income taxes, personal property taxes, real property taxes on the place of residence as stated in the declaration of candidacy
- is not a past or present corporate officer of any fee office that owes any taxes to the state.
- Has not been found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony or misdemeanor under the federal laws of the United States of America.
- Has not been convicted of or found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony under the laws of Missouri.
- In addition to any other penalties provided by law, no person may file for any office in a subsequent election until he or the treasurer of his existing candidate committee has filed all required campaign disclosure reports for all prior elections.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
In the event of a vacancy in the House, the Governor must call for a special election without delay. The election mandate is sent to the county that first established the legislative district.
- See also: Redistricting in Missouri
Legislative redistricting in Missouri is handled by two bipartisan commissions, one for each chamber, with 10 members in the Senate commission and 18 members in the House commission. The Governor selects these members from lists of nominees submitted by the state committees of the Democratic and Republican parties. Two House commission members must come from each congressional district. This differs from the congressional redistricting method, which involves the Assembly simply passing new maps as routine legislation. If a commission cannot complete the process in six months following appointment, a panel of six appellate judges takes over the process for that particular commission; it cannot interfere with one that has already finished.
Missouri received its local census data on February 24, 2011. The state's population increased by seven percent, with most growth coming in the southern half of the state. The five most populous cities showed mixed outcomes: Kansas City grew by 4.1 percent since the 2000 Census. St. Louis decreased by 8.3 percent, Springfield grew by 5.2 percent, Independence grew by 3.1 percent, and Columbia grew by 28.4 percent.
Since 1970, Missouri has had the courts involved in finishing redistricting; despite the commissions' intent, 2011 did not end that streak. Both commissions came to an impasse in mid-August 2011, and the special court panel took over. On November 30, the panel finalized a new plan. The House plan -- which put 34 Republicans and 23 Democrats into incumbent races -- stood for the time being (as a lawsuit was pending), the Missouri Supreme Court rejected the Senate plan. On January 31, 2012, Governor Jay Nixon appointed a new commission for the sake of redrawing the Senate districts. The commission approved a new plan on February 23; the plan -- which weakened Republican districts around St. Louis -- was met with hostility, then a lawsuit. After hearing testimony and tweaking the map, the commission approved the map again on March 12, and the lawsuit was dropped.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Missouri House of Representatives are paid $35,915/year. Per diem is $104/day tied to the federal rate. Roll call is used to verify per diem.
When sworn in
Missouri legislators assume office the first day of the legislative session.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of December 2013|
The House elects a Speaker of the House and Speaker Pro Tempore. The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the speaker include preserving order and decorum, speaking on points of order, and making parliamentary rulings. The Speaker Pro Tempore performs the duties of the Speaker if the Speaker is absent.
|Current Leadership, Missouri House of Representatives|
|State Speaker of the House||Timothy Jones||Republican|
|State House Speaker Pro Tempore||Denny Hoskins||Republican|
|State House Majority Floor Leader||John Diehl||Republican|
|State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader||Mike Cierpiot||Republican|
|State House Majority Whip||Sandy Crawford||Republican|
|State House Majority Caucus Leader||Shelley Keeney||Republican|
|State House Majority Caucus Secretary||Mike Bernskoetter||Republican|
|State House Minority Floor Leader||Jacob Hummel||Democratic|
|State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader||Gail McCann Beatty||Democratic|
|State House Minority Whip||John Rizzo||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Leader||Vacant||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Vice Chair||Chris Kelly||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Secretary||Genise Montecillo||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Policy & Member Engagement Leader||Judy Morgan||Democratic|
The Missouri House of Representatives has 42 standing committees:
- Administration and Accounts
- Agriculture Policy
- Appropriations - Agriculture and Natural Resources
- Appropriations - Education
- Appropriations - General Administration
- Appropriations - Health, Mental Health and Social Services
- Appropriations - Infrastructure and Job Creation
- Appropriations - Public Safety and Corrections
- Appropriations - Revenue, Transportation and Economic Development
- Children, Families, and Persons with Disabilities
- Corrections and Public Institutions
- Crime Prevention and Public Safety
- Downsizing State Government
- Economic Development
- Elementary and Secondary Education
- Emerging Issues in Agriculture
- Financial Institutions
- Fiscal Review
- General Laws
- Government Oversight and Accountability
- Health Care Policy
- Health Insurance
- Higher Education
- Insurance Policy
- International Trade
- Local Government
- Professional Registration and Licensing
- Small Business
- Tourism and Natural Resources
- Urban Issues
- Ways and Means
- Workforce Development and Workplace Safety
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri State House of Representatives for the first 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 11 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
Missouri was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Missouri state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Missouri had Democratic trifectas from 1993-2000 and Republican trifectas from 2005-2008. Of the 22 years studied, Missouri never finished in the top-10 or bottom-10. It received its highest ranking of 13th overall in 2000, the most recent year of a Democratic trifecta. Its lowest ranking of 23rd overall occurred in 1993 and 2008, both years of which had government trifectas. In 1993 it was a Democratic trifecta, and in 2008 it was a Republican trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.75
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 20.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 18.33
- Official website of the Missouri House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Missouri House of Representatives
- Missouri State House election results
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "Business issues at top of Republican legislative leaders' agenda in Missouri," January 5, 2013
- ↑ St. Louis Beacon, "Missouri legislature opens, with last session's issues at top of agenda," January 4, 2012
- ↑ St. Louis Public Radio,"2012 Missouri legislative session ends," May 19, 2012
- ↑ 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- ↑ STLtoday.com, Missouri Senate puts hold on economic development bill, Sept. 9, 2011
- ↑ 2010 session dates for Missouri House
- ↑ 2010 session dates for Missouri Senate
- ↑ Sunlight Foundation Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information, accessed June 16, 2013
- ↑ Missouri Secretary of State "2012 Elections Calendar"
- ↑ Follow the Money "2012 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Missouri House 2010 Campaign Contributions
- ↑ Follow the Money "2008 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Follow the Money "2006 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Follow the Money "2004 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Follow the Money "2002 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Follow the Money "2000 Missouri House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ 2010 Elected Officials Qualifications
- ↑ Missouri General Assembly "Missouri Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 21.110)
- ↑ Missouri General Assembly "Missouri Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 21.120)
- ↑ U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Missouri's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting, February 24, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- ↑ Rules of the Missouri House of Representatives 95th General Assembly
- ↑ Missouri House Leadership
State of Missouri
Jefferson City (capital)
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor & Industrial Relations | Chairman of Public Service Commission |