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Missouri House of Representatives District 78

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Missouri House of Representatives District 78
Current incumbentPenny Hubbard Democratic Party
Race76.4% White, 18.4% Black, 2.5% Two or More Races, 1.5% Asian, 0.9% Other, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native
Ethnicity97.2% Not Hispanic, 2.8% Hispanic
Next electionNovember 4, 2014
Missouri's seventy-eighth state house district is represented by Democratic Representative Penny Hubbard.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 30,572 civilians reside within Missouri's seventy-eighth state house district.[1] Missouri state representatives represent an average of 36,742 residents.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 34,326 residents.[3]

About the office

Members of the Missouri House of Representatives serve two-year terms with term limits.[4] Missouri legislators assume office the first day of the legislative session.


To be eligible to serve in the Missouri House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[5]

  • At least 24 years of age
  • Qualified Missouri voter for two years before election
  • Resident of the district which he is chosen to represent for 1 year before election
  • Is not delinquent in the payment of any state income taxes, personal property taxes, real property taxes on the place of residence as stated in the declaration of candidacy
  • is not a past or present corporate officer of any fee office that owes any taxes to the state.
  • Has not been found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony or misdemeanor under the federal laws of the United States of America.
  • Has not been convicted of or found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony under the laws of Missouri.
  • In addition to any other penalties provided by law, no person may file for any office in a subsequent election until he or the treasurer of his existing candidate committee has filed all required campaign disclosure reports for all prior elections.


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Missouri House of Representatives are paid $35,915/year. Per diem is $104/day tied to the federal rate. Roll call is used to verify per diem.[6]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Missouri legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Missouri Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Missouri house are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.[4]

The first year that the 1992 term limits impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

If a vacancy occurs in the house, the Governor must call for a special election without delay. There is no time limit specified under law.[7] The mandate for a special election is sent to the election authority in the county that first established the legislative district.[8]



See also: Missouri House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Missouri House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 7, 2012 and a general election on November 6, 2012. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 27, 2012. Incumbent Penny Hubbard (D) was unopposed in the general election. Hubbard defeated Ruth Ehresman and Samuel J. Cummings, III in the Democratic primary.[9][10]

Missouri House of Representatives, District 78 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngPenny V. Hubbard Incumbent 46.9% 1,737
Ruth Ehresman 34% 1,258
Samuel J. Cummings, III 19.1% 706
Total Votes 3,701

Campaign contributions

Since 2000, candidates for Missouri House of Representatives District 78 have raised a total of $840,466. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $56,031 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Missouri House of Representatives District 78
Year Amount Candidates Average
2012 $147,502 3 $49,167
2010 $61,921 2 $30,961
2008 $190,846 2 $95,423
2006 $81,650 1 $81,650
2004 $129,425 2 $64,713
2002 $129,425 2 $64,713
2000 $99,697 3 $33,232
Total $840,466 15 $56,031

See also

External links