Cities in Missouri
Missouri allows municipal charter cities and counties. There are 114 total counties in Missouri. Of those 114:
There are 955 total municipalities in Missouri. Of those 955, 911 of them are General law municipalities, 38 are Home rule charter cities, and 6 continue to operate under a state granted Special legislative charter.
Types of local government
Local government in Missouri consists of 114 counties, 312 townships, and 955 cities and villages. In addition, there are 1837 special districts and 534 independent school districts.
Counties may be:
- General law: of which there are 110
- Home rule charter: of which there are 4 (Jackson, St. Charles, Jefferson, St. Louis County)
Cities and villages are classified as:
- Constitutional charter cities: A city must have a population over 5,000 to adopt a charter. 38 cities have done so.
- Special legislative charter cities and towns: of which there are 6 remaining
- Third class city (3,000-29,999 population at time of incorporation): of which there are 56
- Fourth class city (500-2,999 population at time of incorporation): of which there are approximately 550
- Village (fewer than 500 population at time of incorporation): of which there are approximately 300(#'s as of 2007)
Initiative process availability
The availability of initiative varies depending upon the classification, form of government, and home rule status of a city or county.
- Constitutional charter cities: The Missouri Constitution Article VI Section 20 mandates that charter cities allow initiative for charter amendments and may also adopt an initiative process for ordinances. The charters of the eight most populated cities (Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, Lee's Summit, St. Joseph, and St. Charles) all permit initiative. Signature requirements and filing deadlines vary by charter.
- Third class cities:
Third class cities with a commission or a council-manager form of government have an initiative process for ordinances provided by state statutes, Missouri Revised Statutes Section 78.200 for commission and Section 78.573 for council-manager. The main difference between the two statutes is the required percentage of signatures. A Missouri court recently questioned whether Section 78.573 requires an enabling city ordinance to be available to citizens, but did not reach a definite holding on the issue.
Third class cities with a Mayor-Council and Mayor-Administrator-Council form of government are not granted initiative authority by state statutes.
- Fourth class cities and villages are not granted initiative authority by state statutes.
10 most populated cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in Missouri|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
|St. Peters||53,264||General law||N/A|
Full list of cities
- See also: List of Missouri cities
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
- Local Government Types and Numbers Research Spreadsheet
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Missouri Municipal League, Forms of Government for Missouri Municipalities
- http://www.stlouisco.com, St. Louis County Charter
- www.jacksongov.org, Jackson County Charter
- www.sccmo.org, St. Charles County Charter
- www.jeffcomo.org, Jefferson County Charter
- Rexroat v. City of Poplar Bluff, Case No. 1: 11CV00224 SNLJ(E.D. Mo., Jan. 27, 2012)
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local governments by state
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)