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Mitch McConnell

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Mitch McConnell
Mitch McConnell.jpg
U.S. Senate, Kentucky
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2021
Years in position 30
PredecessorSam Brownback (D)
Senate Majority Leader
Senate Minority Leader
Base salary$193,400/year
Elections and appointments
Last election November 4, 2014
First elected1985
Next generalNovember 2020
Campaign $$26,973,164
Term limitsN/A
High schoolduPont Manual High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Louisville
J.D.University of Kentucky Law School, Lexington
Date of birthFebruary 20, 1942
Place of birthTuscumbia, Alabama
Net worth$22,841,026
Office website
Campaign website
Mitch McConnell campaign logo
Addison Mitchell "Mitch" McConnell (b. February 20, 1942, in Tuscumbia, AL) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Kentucky and currently serves as the Senate Majority Leader. McConnell was unanimously elected as the new Senate Majority Leader by Republicans following the 2014 elections. He assumed that role in January 2015.[1] McConnell was first elected to the Senate in 1984.[2]

McConnell previously worked as the Deputy U.S. Attorney for Legislative Affairs from 1974 to 1975 and as a judge-executive of Jefferson County, KY, from 1979 to 1985.[2]

McConnell ran for re-election in the 2014 midterm elections. He defeated challengers Alison Lundergan Grimes (D) and David Patterson (L) in the general election.[3] The race was considered to be competitive by both the Cook Political Report and the Rothenberg Political Report.[4][5]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, McConnell is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


McConnell was born in 1942 in Tuscambia, AL, but was raised in Louisville, KY. He earned his B.A. from the University of Louisville in 1964 and his J.D. from the University of Kentucky Law School, Lexington in 1967.[6]


Below is an abbreviated outline of McConnell's professional and political career:[2]

  • 1985-Present: U.S. Senator from Kentucky
  • 1979-1985: Judge-Executive of Jefferson County, KY
  • 1974-1975: Deputy U.S. Attorney for Legislative Affairs

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


McConnell serves on the following Senate committees:[7]

  • Select Committee on Intelligence
  • Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee
    • Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources
    • Subcommittee on Livestock, Marketing and Agriculture Security
    • Subcommittee on Nutrition, Specialty Crops, and Agricultural Research
  • Appropriations Committee
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  • Rules and Administration Committee


McConnell served on the following Senate committees:[8][9]

  • Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
    • Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Marketing and Agriculture Security
    • Subcommittee on Nutrition, Specialty Crops, Food and Agricultural Research
    • Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources
  • Appropriations Committee
    • Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
  • Rules and Administration Committee
  • Select Committee on Intelligence


McConnell served on the following Senate committees:[10]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[11] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to McConnell's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png McConnell voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[13]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[14] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] McConnell joined with 19 other Republican senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts.

McConnell voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. McConnell voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[20]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png McConnell voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[13]


Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png McConnell voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[13]

Social issues

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png McConnell voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]


On The Issues Vote Match

Mitch McConnell's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, McConnell is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. McConnell received a score of 25 percent on social issues and 100 percent on economic issues.[22]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[23]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[22] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Senator Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement." The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by 47 Republican members of the Senate. McConnell was one of the 47 who signed the letter. No Democrats signed it.[24]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[25] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[26]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[27][28][29]

McConnell was one of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[30][31]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[32][33]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[34]


Irresolvable conflict

On February 4, 2014, McConnell said that immigration reform was an "irresolvable conflict."[35][36]

“We have sort of an irresolvable conflict here. The Senate insists on comprehensive. The House says it won’t go to conference with the Senate on comprehensive and wants to look at step-by-step. I don’t see how you get to an outcome this year with the two bodies in such a different place.”[36]

Social issues


On June 28, 2014, McConnell promised in a speaking engagement with the National Right to Life Convention to focus more attention on limiting abortions if Republicans take control of the Senate in 2014.[37]

"For six years, the president has been isolated from this growing movement. He will be forced to listen to the cause that's brought us all here this morning. Senate Dems would be forced to take a stand," McConnell said.[37]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Mitch McConnell endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [38]


See also: United States Senate elections in Mississippi, 2014

McConnell endorsed incumbent Thad Cochran (R) in the Senate election in Mississippi in 2014.[39]


Mitch McConnell, "Demand Answers"


See also: United States Senate elections in Kentucky, 2014

McConnell won the nomination in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[40] He then defeated Kentucky Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes in the general election.

U.S. Senate, Kentucky General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMitch McConnell Incumbent 56.2% 806,787
     Democratic Alison Lundergan Grimes 40.7% 584,698
     Libertarian David Patterson 3.1% 44,240
Total Votes 1,435,725
Source: Kentucky Secretary of State
U.S. Senate, Kentucky Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMitch McConnell Incumbent 60.2% 213,753
Matt Bevin 35.4% 125,787
Shawna Sterling 2% 7,214
Chris Payne 1.5% 5,338
Brad Copas 0.9% 3,024
Total Votes 355,116
Source: Kentucky State Board of Elections

Primary vulnerability

McConnell was named by National Journal as one of the top five incumbent senators at risk of losing his or her primary election. Four of the five most vulnerable senators were Republican.[41] However, while the general election race was considered to be competitive by both the Cook Political Report and the Rothenberg Political Report, the latter considered the race to "lean Republican."[4][5]

Campaign manager

McConnell's 2014 campaign manager, Jesse Benton, was recorded telling an Iowa activist during a phone call in January 2013:

"Between you and me, I’m sort of holding my nose for two years because what we’re doing here is going to be a big benefit to Rand in ’16, so that’s my long vision."[42]

In response, the campaign's official Twitter account posted a picture of Benton and McConnell with Benton holding his nose and the caption: "Nothing smells worse than #Obamacare! #NoseGate"[43]

Washington Post top 10 races

According to an analysis by The Washington Post, the U.S. Senate election in Kentucky was considered one of the top 10 Senate races of 2014. By the end of 2013, Lundergan Grimes continued to impress with fundraising figures.[44]


McConnell v. Grimes (May 2014 - Present)
Poll Alison Lundergan Grimes (D) Ed Marksberry (I)Mitch McConnell (R)David Patterson (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
October 15-19, 2014
September 30 - October 2, 2014
Mellman Group
September 4-7, 2014
Public Opinion Strategies
September 1-3, 2014
Public Policy Polling
August 7-10, 2014
July 5-24, 2014
July 18-23, 2014
Gravis/Human Events
July 17-20, 2014
Voter/Consumer Research
June 22-25, 2014
Public Policy Polling
June 20-22, 2014
Public Opinion Strategies
June 14-17, 2014
Magellan Strategies
June 4-5, 2014
Rasmussen Reports
May 28-29, 2014
Wenzel Strategies
May 23-24, 2014
May 14-16, 2014
AVERAGES 44% 0.27% 45.93% 1.53% 7.6% +/-3.62 869
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
McConnell v. Grimes (December 2013 - April 2014)
Poll Alison Lundergan Grimes (D) Ed Marksberry (I)Mitch McConnell (R)UndecidedSomeone elseMargin of ErrorSample Size
Hickman Analytics
April 24-30, 2014
Gravis Marketing/Human Events
April 15-17, 2014
Kaiser Foundation
April 8-15, 2014
Public Policy Polling
April 1-2, 2014
Wenzel Strategies
February 8-11, 2014
Survey USA
January 30-February 4, 2014
Rasmussen Reports
January 29-30, 2014
Public Policy Polling
January 24-26, 2014
Gravis Marketing/Human Events
January 2, 2014
Public Policy Polling
December 12-15, 2013
AVERAGES 42.3% 1.7% 43.4% 11.2% 1.4% +/-3.98 896.4
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events McConnell attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for McConnell is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, McConnell raised a total of $26,973,164 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[50]

Mitch McConnell's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (Kentucky) Won $20,991,678
2002 U.S. Senate (Kentucky) Won $5,981,486
Grand Total Raised $26,973,164

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are McConnell's reports.[51]


Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from, McConnell ranked 4th on the list with $84,700 in lobbyist contributions.[60]


McConnell won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that election cycle, McConnell's campaign committee raised a total of $20,991,678 and spent $21,334,523.[61]

Ties to Humana founder

According to a Politico report, McConnell had ties to David A. Jones Sr., the founder of the health insurance company Humana, for over 30 years.

In 2005, Jones was trying to raise funds for Louisville, KY, parks. He asked McConnell for $10 million, but instead, McConnell was able to procure $38 million in a spending earmark. Since the spending earmark, Jones maintained close ties with McConnell. Jones had, as of September 2013, donated $4.6 million to start and continue funding the McConnell Center at the University of Lousiville.

Their relationship, however, predates 2005. Since the founding of McConnell's leadership PAC, the Bluegrass Committee, Jones and his personal and professional relationships have given over $53,000 to the committee. When McConnell was serving as chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, Jones gave $100,000 during the 1998 and 2000 election cycles. Additionally, Jones donated $98,000 in 2007 to the NRSC during McConnell's last election cycle.

In 2009, Humana sent a mailer to its customers that was critical of the Affordable Care Act. As a result, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid put pressure on the company. McConnell took to the Senate floor to criticize the targeting of Humana. Despite the close relationship with McConnell, Jones and his family donate to both Republicans and Democrats.[62]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, McConnell's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $9,230,051 and $36,452,001. That averages to $22,841,026, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. McConnell ranked as the 10th most wealthy senator in 2012.[63] Between 2004 and 2012, McConnell's calculated net worth[64] increased by an average of 64 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[65]

Mitch McConnell Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:512%
Average annual growth:64%[66]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[67]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). McConnell received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 1989-2014, 21.55 percent of McConnell's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[68]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Mitch McConnell Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $59,802,561
Total Spent $50,929,368
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$3,633,144
Lawyers/Law Firms$2,449,916
Health Professionals$2,277,961
Real Estate$1,982,432
% total in top industry6.08%
% total in top two industries10.33%
% total in top five industries21.55%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, McConnell was a "moderate Republican leader, " as of July 23, 2014. This was the same rating McConnell received in June 2013.[69]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[70]

McConnell most often votes with:

McConnell least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, McConnell missed 84 of 9,975 roll call votes from January 1985 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.8 percent, which is better than the median of 2.0% among currently serving senators as of August 2014.[71]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McConnell paid his congressional staff a total of $2,482,775 in 2011. He ranked 28th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 31st overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Kentucky ranked 40th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[72]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


McConnell ranked 25th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[73]


McConnell ranked 15th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[74]


McConnell ranked 11th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[75]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


McConnell voted with the Republican Party 90.1 percent of the time, which ranked 14th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[76]


McConnell voted with the Republican Party 90 percent of the time, which ranked 18th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[77]


McConnell has been married to his wife, Elaine Chao, since 1993. He has three daughters from a previous marriage.[78]

Recent news

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All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mitch McConnell News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. USA Today, "GOP officially puts McConnell in charge of the Senate," November 13, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bioguide, "Mitch McConnell," accessed June 21, 2013
  3. Politico, "Senate Election Results," accessed November 12, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Courier-Journal, "Mitch McConnell, Alison Lundergan Grimes race a 'toss up,' according to nonpartisan observer," August 3, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 Rothenberg Political Report, "Senate Ratings," September 4, 2014
  6. Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Mitch McConnell," accessed October 20, 2011
  7. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed February 4, 2015
  8. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  9. United States Senate, "Committee assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  10. U.S. Senate Official Website, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 20, 2011
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Project Vote Smart, "Mitch McConnell Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
  14., "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 On The Issues, "Mitch McConnell Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014
  23. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  24. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
  25. Fox News, "Firestorm erupts over GOP letter challenging Obama's power to approve Iran nuclear deal," March 10, 2015
  26. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
  27. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  28. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  29. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  30. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  31. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  32. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  33. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  34. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  35. The Hill, "Eyeing a majority, Senate Republicans cool to House immigration plan," accessed February 5, 2014
  36. 36.0 36.1 Politico, "McConnell: Immigration ‘irresolvable’ in 2014," accessed February 5, 2014
  37. 37.0 37.1 The Hill, "McConnell: I'd fight to limit abortions," accessed July 2, 2014
  38. MSNBC, "Boehner, McConnell endorse Romney for president," accessed April 17, 2012
  39. Politico, "McConnell to headline Thad Cochran fundraiser," accessed June 9, 2014
  40. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named prim
  41. National Journal, "Ranking the Top 5 Senators Vulnerable in 2014 Primaries," accessed December 31, 2013
  42. Politico, "Blog: Mitch McConnell campaign chief 'holding my nose,'" accessed August 8, 2013
  43. Twitter, "Team_Mitch," accessed August 8, 2013
  44. The Washington Post, "The Fix’s top 10 Senate races of 2014," accessed December 10, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Mitch McConnell," accessed April 3, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Mitch McConnell 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 29, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 26, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 26, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 19, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed May 15, 2014
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  59. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  60. Open Secrets, "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013
  61. Open Secrets, "Chris McConnell 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  62. Politico, "Mitch McConnell’s close ties with Humana founder," accessed September 10, 2013
  63. OpenSecrets, "Mitch McConnell (R-KY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  64. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  65. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  66. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  67. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  68., "Sen. Mitch McConnell," accessed September 18, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Mitch McConnell," accessed July 23, 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Rep. Mitch McConnell," accessed July 23, 2014
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Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Huddleston
U.S. Senate - Kentucky
Succeeded by