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Morongo Band of Mission Indians
The Morongo Band of Mission Indians operates the Morongo Casino Resort and Spa. The Morongo Casino is one of the largest Indian casinos in the United States. The Morongo Indian Reservation is located in northern Riverside County, amidst the cities of Banning and Cabazon, which both extend partially onto reservation land. The reservation has a land area of 127.083 km² (49.067 sq mi), with a resident population of 954, the majority of them of Native American heritage.
The Morongo Band of Mission Indians is one of four tribes who stand to benefit from the 2007 Tribal Gaming Compacts. These compacts are being challenged by a coalition of labor unions and smaller, less wealthy tribes throughout California.
In general, "Mission Indian" refers to groups of Native Americans who were brought to live in the Spanish missions in California, and there baptized as Catholics, under the patronage of Franciscan fathers, as early as 1769, when the first missions were established in California. Mission Indians were from many tribes who in the missions amalgamated together and formed new groupings.
Tribes who stem from the original Mission Indians and use this title include:
Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeño Mission Indians Morongo Band of Mission Indians Sycuan Band of Diegueno Mission Indians Rincon Band of Diegueno Mission Indians Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians Juaneño Band of Mission Indians, Acjachemen Nation