New Jersey 2014 ballot measures

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2015
2013
Two statewide ballot questions are certified for the November 4, 2014 statewide ballot in New Jersey.

The 2014 legislative session began on January 14, 2014 and is expected to conclude on January 1, 2016. Article IV of the New Jersey Constitution provides that each legislature constitutes a term of two years split into two annual sessions. Because the constitution also specifies that all business from the first year may be continued into the second, the distinction between the two annual sessions is more ceremonial than actual.

At the end of the second year, all unfinished business expires. At least 156 potential legislatively-referred constitutional amendments were submitted in the 2014 regular session. The state does not allow initiatives or referendums, therefore, measures must be referred by the Legislature. However, most of the proposed measures are unlikely to succeed. The legislature can either qualify measures with supermajority approval of 60 percent in one legislative session or with simple majorities in two successive sessions. In order to be placed on the 2014 ballot, these measures must be approved by the Assembly and Senate by August 4.

Only two measures met all of the criteria by the deadline. One measure deals with criminal trials by allowing courts the option of denying bail in criminal cases based on concerns that the person would not return to court, be a threat to the safety of another person or the community or would obstruct or attempt to obstruct the criminal justice if released. The other legislatively-referred constitutional amendment regards the preservation of open spaces.

Historical facts

  • Since 1996, an average of two measures have appeared annually on the ballot in New Jersey. Therefore, 2014 is an average year, based on the current number of certified measures.
  • The number of measures on a statewide ballot since 1996 has ranged from one to four.
  • Since 1996, 31 of 34, or 91 percent, of New Jersey ballot measures have been approved by voters.
  • Conversely, 3 of 34, or 9 percent, of measures have been defeated.

On the ballot

November 4:

Type Title Subject Description
LRCA Public Question No. 1 Criminal Trials Provides for pretrial detention of certain criminal defendants
LRCA Public Question No. 2 Environment Dedicates six percent of corporate business tax revenues to open space preservation

Not on the ballot

See also: Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA ACR 11 Marriage Defines marriage as between one man and one woman, thus effectively terminating same-sex marriage Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Right to Hunt and Fish Amendment Hunt & Fish Establishes the right to hunt, fish, trap and harvest game animals Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Tax Bill Supermajorities Amendment Legislature Requires a three-fifths majority vote in the state legislature for all tax bills Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Veterans’ Property Tax Amendment Veterans Increases the veterans’ property tax deduction; extends deduction to more groups Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA SCR 118 Term Limits Excludes partial, unexpired terms served by the governor from the two-term limit Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Voter Approval of Indebtedness Amendment Bonds Modifies voter approval requirements for state indebtedness Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 90 Bonds Requires voter approval of a dedicated funding source for bonded indebtedness of the transportation system Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Healthcare Mandates Amendment Healthcare Prohibits the state or federal government from mandating individuals obtain healthcare coverage Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 15 Housing Clarifies the state is not obligated to to facilitate the availability of housing for all income levels Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Public Schools Support Amendment Gov't Finances Provides for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of free public schools Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Indicted Elected Officials Amendment Gov't Acc Suspends elected officials who have been indicted and provide for temporary replacements Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 24 Civil Rights Guarantees right of the people to privacy from government intrusion Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 28 Environment Dedicates up to $25 million annually from realty transfer fee revenues to the Shore Protection Fund Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 36 & SCR 54 Direct Democracy Allows initiative and referendums on fiscal policy Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 67 Direct Democracy Creates indirect initiated constitutional amendments , indirect initiated state statutes and veto referendums Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 37 Transportation Dedicates excess revenue of New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission to state transportation system costs Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 42 Gov't Finances Requires most state funding for public education to be distributed on a per pupil basis Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Balanced Budget Amendment Gov't Finances Changes the way a balanced state budget is kept Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Supreme Court Amendment Judiciary Amends the state supreme court selection and tenure processes Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Judicial Retirement Age Amendment Judiciary Raises the mandated retirement age for judges and justices Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA SCR 25 & ACR 48 Abortion Allows legislature to require parental notification for medical treatment relating to pregnancy of a minor Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 49 & ACR 52 Term Limits Limits state senators to three successive terms and assembly members to five successive terms Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 54 & SCR 88 Gov't Finances Creates surplus revenue funds; amends the process for estimating state revenue Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 61 Gambling Dedicates revenues from sports betting to residential placements for persons with developmental disabilities Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 66 Pension Requires legislation enhancing public employee benefits to identify a funding source to defray cost of enhancement Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 70 Gov't Finances Requires bills with fiscal impacts to identify offsetting revenues/appropriation reductions prior to consideration Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Appropriations Cap Amendment Gov't Finances Sets a cap on increases in annual state appropriations Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Horse Racetrack Betting Amendment Gambling Allows for certain types of betting at horse racetracks; provides for allocation of revenues Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Revenue Diversion Amendment Gov't Finances Prohibits diversion of dedicated state revenue Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 75 & SCR 11 State Exec Makes the office of comptroller an elected position and eliminates the office of auditor Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 77 & SCR 96 Labor Allows public employees to collectively bargain Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 78 Recall Changes recall petition signature requirement to 25 percent of voters at the most recent general election Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 79 Gov't Finances Dedicates 1 percent of the Corporation Business Tax revenue annually to fund dredging projects Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Open Space Amendment Environment Dedicates $200 million or 2.4 percent of annual sales and use tax revenue to the preservation of open space Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 116 Environment Dedicates revenue from water consumption and diversion user fees for open space preservation Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Municipal Open Spaces Amendment Gov't Finances Requires state to pay municipalities for open spaces Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA SCR 37 Taxes Reduces local property taxes for some privately-held lands that are permanently preserved as open space Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Greenhouse Gas Initiative Amendment Environment Requires state participation in the Regional Greenhosue Gas Initiative Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Probation Functions Amendment Judiciary Enables a statutory transfer of judiciary probation functions to the State Parole Board Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 86 & SCR 35 Taxes Provides a tax exemption for increases in property values due to improvements for disabled access in homes Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 87 & SCR 18 Taxes Allows veterans and their spouses to receive homestead rebate amounts similar to those for seniors and disabled Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 88 Taxes Limits annual assessment increases for homestead real property Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA Constitutional Convention on Property Taxes ConCon Calls for a limited constitutional convention on property taxation and government spending Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 95 Legislature Requires state legislatures to serve full-time Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 96 & SCR 16 Property Restricts condemnation power on non-blighted property for private economic development purposes Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot
LRCA ACR 151 & SCR 106 Transportation Dedicates all revenue derived from the motor fuels taxes to the Transportation Trust Fund Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot

See also

New Jersey

External links