Governor of New Jersey
|New Jersey Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$6,013,000|
|Term limits:||Two consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||New Jersey Constitution, Article V, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 19, 2010|
|Other New Jersey Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Comptroller• Commissioner of Education • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Commissioner of Environmental Protection • Labor Commissioner • Public Utilities Board|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Divisions
- 7 State budget
- 8 Elections
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of April 2015, New Jersey is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article V, Section I:
The executive power shall be vested in a Governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Candidates for governor must be:
- at least 30 years old
- a U.S. citizen for at least 20 years
- a resident of New Jersey for at least seven years
No governor shall hold office in any other state or under the federal government, nor shall a sitting governor be elected to any legislative seat. Governors who accept any state or federal position or profit are considered to have vacated their seat.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section I, paragraph 6.
If the governor's office becomes vacant through resignation, removal, or death, then the Lieutenant Governor succeeds to the office.
If a Governor-elect dies, the Lieutenant Governor-elect takes office as the Governor.
The same line order applies if a Governor is absent or temporarily unable to discharge the office, as well as when the Governor-elect fails to qualify. In such cases, the Acting Governor serves until the absence, disqualification, or illness ends. The Acting Governor shall have all the "functions, powers, duties, and emoluments" of the governor's office.
If the governor has been absent or disqualified for six months, the Supreme Court of New Jersey, upon receipt on a concurrent resolution from the General Assembly, shall declare the office to be vacant.
The office shall be filled by an Acting Governor is less than one year remains in the current term; otherwise a special election is called.
The governor of New Jersey is considered one of the most powerful governorships in the nation as it is currently the only state-wide (non-federal) elected office in the state. Thus, unlike many other states that have elections for some cabinet-level positions, under the New Jersey State Constitution the governor appoints the entire cabinet, subject to confirmation by the New Jersey Senate.
The governor is charged with faithfully upholding and executing the laws of New Jersey, a power that includes enforcing all Constitutional and statutory mandates as well as restraining actions. New Jersey's governor is also the commander-in-chief of the militia.
He nominates all general and flag officers and the state militia and has ultimate authority for seeing that the state's militia is properly trained.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Granting all commissions given to elected and appointed officers
- Nominating officers to all appointed positions not otherwise provided for and making appointments, with the consent of the Senate
- Convening the entire legislature or the Senate for extraordinary sessions
- Vetoing bills subject to a super-majority override in the legislature
- Granting pardons and reprieves, excluding cases of treason and impeachment
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of New Jersey has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: New Jersey state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in August.
- State agency requests are submitted in October.
- Agency hearings are held in November and December.
- Public hearings are held in March and June.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the New Jersey State Legislature on or before the fourth Tuesday in February.
- The legislature adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
- The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In turn, the legislature is also constitutionally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Executive Office of the Governor in Fiscal Year 2013 was $6,013,000.
New Jersey belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in off-numbered years that are neither presidential nor midterm years. In New Jersey's case, elections are held in the year after a presidential and before a midterm; thus, 2017, 2021, 2025 and 2029 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the third Tuesday in the January after an election.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
New Jersey governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait four years before being eligible to run again.
|No person who has been elected Governor for two successive terms, including an unexpired term, shall again be eligible for that office until the third Tuesday in January of the fourth year following the expiration of the second successive term.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2001 for the office of Governor of New Jersey, Click [show] to expand the section.
The salaries of the governor and lieutenant governor are established by the New Jersey State Legislature as mandated by the state constitution. Article V, Section I, Paragraph 12 of the New Jersey Constitution says the following:
| Text of Section I, Paragraph 12:
10. a. The Governor and the Lieutenant Governor shall each receive for services a salary, which shall be neither increased nor diminished during the period for which the Governor or Lieutenant Governor shall have been elected or appointed. b. The Governor shall appoint the Lieutenant Governor to serve as the head of a principal department or other executive or administrative agency of State government, or delegate to the Lieutenant Governor duties of the office of Governor, or both. The Governor shall not appoint the Lieutenant Governor to serve as Attorney General. The Lieutenant Governor shall in addition perform such other duties as may be provided by law.
State executive officers, along with judicial and legislative officials, have not received salary increases since 2002. A seven-member salary commission determined annual pay for state officials from its creation in 1999 until legislators eliminated the commission in 2014. All cabinet officials under the governor's office receive annual salaries of $141,000 as legislators have not approved pay increases since the commission's elimination.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $175,000.
In 2010, the governor was paid $175,000 a year, the 4th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in New Jersey there were Democratic governors in office for 10 years while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years, including the last four.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
New Jersey was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.
The chart below depicts the partisanship of New Jersey state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Jersey had Republican trifectas from 1994-2001 and Democratic trifectas from 2004-2009. There were four years when New Jersey finished in the top-10, all of those years with Republican trifectas.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.67
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 9.75
- SQLI average with divided government: 21.86
There have been 73 Governors of New Jersey since 1776. Of the 73 officeholders, 23 were Republican, 35 were Democrat, 6 were Jefersonian-Republican, 5 were Federalist, 3 were Whig and 1 is unknown.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1776-Present|
|1||William Livingston||1776 - 1790||Federalist|
|2||William Paterson||1790 - 1793||Federalist|
|3||Thomas Henderson||1793 - 1793||Federalist|
|4||Richard Howell||1793 - 1801||Federalist|
|5||Joseph Bloomfield||1801 - 1802||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|6||John Lambert||1802 - 1803||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|7||Joseph Bloomfield||1803 - 1812||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|8||Aaron Ogden||1812 - 1813||Federalist|
|9||William Sanford Pennington||1813 - 1815||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|10||Mahlon Dickerson||1815 - 1817||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|11||Issac Halsted Williamson||1817 - 1829||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|12||Peter Dumont Vroom||1829 - 1832||Democratic|
|13||Samuel Lewis Southard||1832 - 1833||Whig|
|14||Peter Dumont Vroom||1833 - 1836||Democratic|
|15||Elias Pettit Seeley||1833 - 1833||Whig|
|16||Philemon Dickerson||1836 - 1837||Democratic|
|17||Daniel Haines||1843 - 1845||Democratic|
|18||Charles Creighton Stratton||1845 - 1848||Whig|
|19||Daniel Haines||1848 - 1851||Democratic|
|20||George Franklin Fort||1851 - 1854||Democratic|
|21||Rodman McCauley Price||1854 - 1857||Democratic|
|22||William Augustus Newell||1857 - 1860||Republican|
|23||Charles Smith Olden||1860 - 1863||Republican|
|24||Joel Parker||1863 - 1866||Democratic|
|25||Marcus Lawrence Ward||1866 - 1869||Republican|
|26||Theodore Fitz Randolph||1869 - 1872||Democratic|
|27||Joel Parker||1872 - 1875||Democratic|
|28||Joseph Dorsett Bedle||1875 - 1878||Democratic|
|29||George Brinton Mcclellan||1878 - 1881||Democratic|
|30||George Craig Ludlow||1881 - 1884||Democratic|
|31||Leon Abbett||1884 - 1887||Democratic|
|32||Robert Stockton Green||1887 - 1890||Democratic|
|33||Leon Abbett||1890 - 1893||Democratic|
|34||George Theodore Werts||1893 - 1896||Democratic|
|35||John William Griggs||1896 - 1898||Republican|
|36||Foster McGowan Voorhees||1898 - 1898||Republican|
|37||David Ogden Watkins||1898 - 1899||Republican|
|38||Foster McGowan Voorhees||1899 - 1902||Republican|
|39||Franklin Murphy||1902 - 1905||Republican|
|40||Edward Casper Stokes||1905 - 1908||Republican|
|41||John Franklin Fort||1908 - 1911||Republican|
|42||Thomas Woodrow Wilson||1911 - 1913||Democratic|
|43||James Fairman Fielder||1913 - 1913||Democratic|
|44||Leon R. Taylor||1913 - 1914||Democratic|
|45||James Fairman Fielder||1914 - 1917||Democratic|
|46||Walter Evans Edge||1917 - 1919||Republican|
|47||William Nelson Runyon||1919 - 1920||Republican|
|48||Clarence Edwards Case||1920 - 1920||Republican|
|49||Edward Irving Edwards||1920 - 1923||Democratic|
|50||George Sebastian Silzer||1923 - 1926||Democratic|
|51||Arthur Harry Moore||1926 - 1929||Democratic|
|52||Morgan Foster Larson||1929 - 1932||Republican|
|53||Arthur Harry Moore||1932 - 1935||Democratic|
|54||Horace Griggs Prall||1935 - 1935||Republican|
|55||Harold Giles Hoffman||1935 - 1938||Republican|
|56||Arthur Harry Moore||1938 - 1941||Democratic|
|57||Charles Edison||1941 - 1944||Democratic|
|58||Walter Evans Edge||1944 - 1947||Republican|
|59||Alfred Eastlack Driscoll||1947 - 1954||Unknown|
|60||Robert Baumie Meyner||1954 - 1962||Democratic|
|61||Richard Joseph Hughes||1962 - 1970||Democratic|
|62||William T. Cahill||1970 - 1974||Republican|
|63||Brendan Thomas Byrne||1974 - 1982||Democratic|
|64||Thomas H. Kean||1982 - 1990||Republican|
|65||Jim Florio||1990 - 1994||Democratic|
|66||Christine Todd Whitman||1994 - 2001||Republican|
|67||Donald T. DiFrancesco||2001 - 2002||Republican|
|68||John O. Bennett||2002 - 2002||Republican|
|69||Richard J. Codey||2002 - 2002||Democratic|
|70||James E. McGreevey||2002 - 2004||Democratic|
|71||Richard J. Codey||2004 - 2006||Democratic|
|72||Jon Corzine||2006 - 2010||Democratic|
|73||Chris Christie||2010 -||Republican|
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Office of the Governor
PO Box 001
Trenton, NJ 08625
Portions of this article were adapted from Wikipedia.
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- New Jersey Department of the Treasury, "FY 2013 Appropriations Act," accessed April 16, 2013
- New Jersey State Legislature, "New Jersey State Constitution 1947," accessed February 25, 2015
- NJ.com, "N.J. Republican leaders block pay raises for top state officials," September 28, 2011
- New Jersey State Legislature, "Joint Resolution No. 1," March 5, 1999
- LegiScan, "Assembly, No. 3067," February 7, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 3, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "New Jersey: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of New Jersey
|State executive officer||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Commissioner of Environmental Protection | Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development | President of Public Utilities |