New Mexico House of Representatives
|New Mexico House of Representatives|
|2014 session start:||January 21, 2014|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||W. Ken Martinez (D)|
|Majority Leader:||Rick Miera (D)|
|Minority leader:||Donald Bratton (R)|
Democratic Party ( 37)
Republican Party ( 33)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art IV, New Mexico Constitution|
|Salary:||$0/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (70 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (70 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Legislature has control|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
In New Mexico, representatives are elected to two-year terms with no limit on consecutive terms.
As of July 2014, New Mexico is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Article IV of the New Mexico Constitution establishes when the New Mexico State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 5 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene its annual regular session on the third Tuesday of January. In odd-numbered years, the Legislature is to be in session for no longer than sixty days. In even-numbered years, the Legislature is to be in session for no longer than thirty days. In even-numbered years, the Legislature is limited to dealing with budgetary matters, bills that deal with issues raised by special messages of the Governor of New Mexico, and bills vetoed in the previous session by the Governor.
Section 6 of Article IV allows the Governor of New Mexico to call special sessions of the Legislature. Section 6 also allows the Legislature to meet in special session when three-fifths of each house petition the Governor with a request for a special session. Special sessions are not to exceed thirty days in length.
- See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 21 through February 20.
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included the economy, the budget, infrastructure and education.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 15 to March 16.
Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included education, solvency of the state's public retirement system, tax cuts for state businesses, and tougher anti-DWI laws.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in session from January 17 through February 16.
In their 30-day session the legislature considered drivers licenses for illegal immigrants, voter identification, business income tax, ethics reform, and defining homeowner rights in foreclosure proceedings.
Gov. Susana Martinez (R) watched as the state legislature ended its session by rejecting a bill that would have repealed the law allowing drivers licenses to be issued to people without Social Security numbers. It was the third time she has tried to undo the law. The bill was initially passed by the House but defeated in the Senate. The Senate instead passed a measure shortening how long the licenses are valid and imposing harsher penalties on those committing fraud.
In 2011, the Legislature was in session from January 18 through March 19.
Role in state budget
- See also: New Mexico state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July.
- State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
- Agency hearings are held in September and December.
- The governor submits his or her budget proposal to the New Mexico State Legislature on the first day of the legislative session.
- The legislature adopts a budget in February or March. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
In New Mexico, the governor has line item veto, item veto of appropriations and item veto of selected words authority.
The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In turn, the legislature is also constitutionally required to pass a balanced budget.
The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. New Mexico was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.
Ethics and transparency
Following the Money report
- See also: Following the Money 2014 Report
The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending. According to the report, New Mexico received a grade of C+ and a numerical score of 77, indicating that New Mexico was "middling" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. New Mexico was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
Elections for the office of New Mexico House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place June 3, 2014, and a general election will take place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was February 4, 2014.
The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 20, 2012, and the primary Election Day was June 5, 2012.
|2012 Donors, New Mexico State House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association||$98,500|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$67,242|
|Ken Martinez Leadership Fund||$65,042|
|New Mexico Defense Fund||$63,414|
|House Republican Leadership Cmte||$58,000|
|New Mexico Realtors Association||$55,250|
|Forward New Mexico||$52,500|
|New Mexico House Majority Fund||$52,300|
|Plumbers & Steamfitters Local 412||$42,250|
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 37||Terry McMillan||0.1%||12,526||Joanne J. Ferrary|
|District 24||Elizabeth L. Thomson||0.6%||13,766||Conrad James|
|District 23||Paul Pacheco||0.6%||13,766||Marci Blaze|
|District 7||Kelly K. Fajardo||0.9%||8,967||Andrew Barreras|
|District 15||Emily A. Kane||2.3%||13,386||Christopher T. Saucedo|
|District 43||Stephanie Richard||2.4%||13,907||Jim Hall|
|District 30||Nathaniel Gentry||3.4%||3,675||Maryellen Broderick|
|District 29||Thomas Anderson||4.3%||3,390||Lloyd S. Ginsberg|
|District 39||Rodolpho Martinez||4.4%||9,840||John L. Zimmerman|
|District 8||Alonzo Baldonado||6%||11,677||Frank A. Otero|
The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:
|New Mexico House of Representatives|
|Party||As of November 1, 2010||After the 2010 Election|
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 16, 2010, and the primary Election Day was June 1, 2010.
|2010 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Party||$152,602|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association||$119,678|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$98,111|
|Democratic Party New Mexico||$88,141|
|Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$79,641|
|Plumbers & Steamfitters Local 412||$70,500|
|Conservation Voters New Mexico||$66,371|
|New Mexico Realtors Association||$62,800|
|New Mexico Republican Party||$56,929|
Elections for the office of the New Mexico House of Representatives were held in New Mexico on November 4, 2008.
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 18, 2008, and the primary Election Day was June 3, 2008.
|2008 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$355,674|
|New Mexico Turn Around||$148,310|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association||$68,000|
|New Mexico Realtors Association||$64,450|
|Conservatives for a Republican Majority||$52,051|
|Progress Vision & Commitment PAC||$44,100|
|New Mexico Medical Society||$40,500|
|Plumbers & Steamfitters Local 412||$40,250|
|Conservation Voters New Mexico||$38,457|
Elections for the office of the New Mexico State House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 6, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.
During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to the House candidates was $3,890,212. The top 10 contributors were:
|2006 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$304,482|
|Bill Richardson for Governor||$114,855|
|New Mexico Republican Party||$61,829|
|Cmte to Elect Lucky Varela State Treasurer||$56,481|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association/Cmte on Individual Responsibility||$50,500|
|New Mexico Automotive Dealers Association/Car of New Mexico||$43,900|
|Association of Commerce & Industry of New Mexico||$40,000|
|New Mexico Realtors Association||$32,050|
|Pueblo of Isleta||$32,000|
Elections for the office of the New Mexico State House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 1, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.
During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to the House candidates was $2,828,020. The top 10 contributors were:
|2004 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$180,045|
|Moving America Forward||$108,993|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association/Cmte on Individual Responsibility||$42,500|
|Oneill, John J||$35,000|
|New Mexico Automotive Dealers Association/Car of New Mexico||$33,900|
|New Mexico Optometric Association||$24,350|
|Presbyterian Health Plan||$22,100|
Elections for the office of the New Mexico State House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 4, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.
During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to the House candidates was $2,383,571. The top 10 contributors were:
|2002 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$223,065|
|Select Milk Producers||$49,000|
|Association of Commerce & Industry of New Mexico||$40,500|
|Rafkin, Adam D||$38,993|
|Archibeque, Steven P||$37,105|
|New Mexico Automotive Dealers Association/Car of New Mexico||$30,850|
|Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte||$30,000|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association/Cmte on Individual Responsibility||$30,000|
Elections for the office of the New Mexico State House of Representatives consisted of a primary Election Day on June 6, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.
During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to the House candidates was $2,886,616. The top 10 contributors were:
|2000 Donors, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|New Mexico Democratic Legislative Campaign Cmte||$288,897|
|New Mexico Republican Party||$78,881|
|Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte||$75,000|
|New Mexico Trial Lawyers Association/Cmte on Individual Responsibility||$59,105|
|National Republican Congressional Cmte||$57,500|
|Kompac State Victory Fund||$45,000|
|Republican Campaign Cmte of New Mexico||$36,070|
|Sunland Park Racetrack & Casino||$31,800|
|Association of Commerce & Industry of New Mexico||$31,000|
|New Mexico Automotive Dealers Association/Car of New Mexico||$31,000|
Article 4, Section 3 of the New Mexico Constitution states: Senators shall not be less than twenty-five years of age and representatives not less than twenty-one years of age at the time of their election. If any senator or representative permanently removes his residence from or maintains no residence in the district from which he was elected, then he shall be deemed to have resigned and his successor shall be selected as provided in Section 4 of this article. No person shall be eligible to serve in the legislature who, at the time of qualifying, holds any office of trust or profit with the state, county or national governments, except notaries public and officers of the militia who receive no salary.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the house, the Board of County Commissioners in the county representing the vacant seat must appoint a replacement. There are no deadlines set by Article IV, Section 4 of the New Mexico Constitution which governs legislative vacancies. The appointed replacement serves for the remainder of the unfilled term.
- See also: Redistricting in New Mexico
The New Mexico Legislature is responsible for redistricting. In 2011, it formed an 18-member interim redistricting committee to make recommendations for the actual redistricting process in the Legislature.
New Mexico received its local census data on March 15, 2011. The state grew 13.2 percent from 2000 to 2010, with notable growth in its most populous cities; Albuquerque grew by 21.7 percent, Las Cruces grew by 31.4 percent, Rio Rancho grew by 69.1 percent, Santa Fe grew by 9.2 percent, and Roswell grew by 6.8 percent.
At the time of redistricting, Democrats controlled the Legislature while the Governor, Susana Martinez was a Republican. The interim committee reviewed eight House maps and nine Senate maps before the special redistricting session of the Legislature began on September 6, 2011. On September 21, the Senate passed a map on party lines, with the House following the next day. Gov. Martinez vetoed the maps on October 7, leaving a court to resolve the process. By the time new maps were passed, $8 million had been spent.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the New Mexico Legislature are not paid a salary. Per diem is $154/day tied to the federal rate.
When sworn in
New Mexico legislators assume office January 1st.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of July 2014|
|New Mexico House of Representatives|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.
|Current Leadership, New Mexico House of Representatives|
|State Speaker of the House||W. Ken Martinez||Democratic|
|State House Majority Floor Leader||Rick Miera||Democratic|
|State House Majority Whip||Antonio Maestas||Democratic|
|State House Minority Floor Leader||Donald Bratton||Republican|
|State House Minority Whip||Nate Gentry||Republican|
The New Mexico House has 16 standing committees:
- Agriculture and Water Resources
- Appropriations and Finance
- Business and Industry
- Consumer and Public Affairs
- Energy and Natural Resources
- Enrolling and Engrossing - A
- Enrolling and Engrossing - B
- Health, Government and Indian Affairs
- Labor and Human Resources
- Printing and Supplies
- Rules and Order of Business
- Taxation and Revenue
- Transportation and Public Works
- Voters and Elections
Partisan balance 1992-2013
During every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Mexico State House of Representatives. The New Mexico State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New Mexico state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Mexico experienced two Democratic trifectas during the years of the study, from 1992-1994 and from 2003-2010. The state finished in the bottom-10 during every year of the study. Its worst ranking, finishing 50th, occurred from 1999-2000, during a divided government. Its best ranking, finishing 41st, occurred in 2008, during a Democratic trifecta.
- New Mexico State Legislature
- New Mexico State Senate
- New Mexico state legislative districts
- State legislative scorecards in New Mexico
- Official website of the New Mexico State Legislature
- Official list of the current members of the New Mexico House of Representatives
- New Mexico House of Representatives on Wikipedia
- census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
- census.gov, "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000," accessed May 15, 2014
- www.santafenewmexican.com/, "Issues facing the New Mexico Legislature ," accessed January 21, 2014
- ABQ Journal, "Legislature: New Members, Old Issues," January 13, 2013
- Santa Fe New Mexican, "Election-year tension and redrawn districts set stage for political dramas at the Capitol," January 15, 2012
- Latin American Herald Tribune, "Undocumented New Mexicans Can Still Get Driver’s Licenses," February 19, 2012
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
- South Carolina Policy Council, "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
- 2010 session dates for New Mexico Legislature
- National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
- U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- Follow the Money, "New Mexico State House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 12, 2014
- New Mexico Legislature, "New Mexico Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section, Article IV, Section 4)
- U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Mexico's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 15, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012
- The Republic, "New Mexico's redistricting costs total nearly $8M, exceeding expenses a decade ago," August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- New Mexico Legislature "Political Control - Legislative Sessions" accessed October 2011
- New Mexico House Leaders
State of New Mexico
Santa Fe (capital)
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Secretary of Education | Superintendent of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources | Secretary of Workforce Solutions | Chairman of Public Regulation Commission |