Cities in New Mexico
New Mexico allows municipal charter cities. There are 33 total counties in New Mexico. Of those 33:
Types of local government
The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments shows that, as of September of 2012, local government in New Mexico consists of:
136 General Purpose units, including:
- 33 Counties
- 103 Cities, towns, and villages. Municipalities may incorporate as cities, towns, or villages, but these designations do not significantly affect the legal status of municipalities.
718 Special Purpose units, including:
- 622 Special Districts
- 96 Independent School Districts
- Home rule charter, adopted pursuant to NM Const. Article X, Section 6 and the Municipal Charter Act, of which there are 11. They are Alamogordo, Albuquerque, Clovis, Gallup, Grants, Hobbs, Las Cruces, Las Vegas, Rio Rancho, and Santa Fe. Los Alamos is consolidated with Los Alamos county and operates under a charter as a city-county government.
- Silver City continues to be governed by a historic territorial charter.
- General law cities, towns, and villages, of which there are 91
Initiative process availability
The availability of initiative varies depending upon the home rule status and form of government of a city, town, or village. Charter cities, towns, and villages have an initiative process for charter amendments granted by state statute, but individual charters may contain additional requirements. Charters may adopt initiative for ordinances. General law commission-manager cities, towns, and villages have a mandated initiative process provided by state statutes. General law mayor-council cities, towns, and villages do not have broad initiative authority to propose ordinances. However, for limited matters a petition process is granted by state statutes.
10 most populated cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in New Mexico|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
Full list of cities
- See also: List of New Mexico cities
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
- Laws governing local ballot measures in New Mexico
- New Mexico ballot measures
- Counties in New Mexico
- Local Government Types and Numbers Research Spreadsheet
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- New Mexico Municipal League, Questions that may be placed on the ballot in mayor-council municipalities that are not home-rule
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)