Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Texas are holding elections next week. Find out what's on your ballot in our latest report.

Counties in New Mexico

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Municipal Government Final.jpg

Counties in the United States

Counties by State
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming

County-Related Pages
Laws governing local ballot measuresInitiativeHome ruleGeneral law cityCharter cityPetitionCirculation periodCirculatorPaid circulatorVolunteer circulatorCirculator affidavitSignerValid signatureForged signatureFraudulent signatureInvalid signatureElectronic petition signatureLegislative tamperingRegistered voter

There are 33 counties in New Mexico.[1]

Types of local government

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments[2] shows that, as of September of 2012, local government in New Mexico consists of:

136 General Purpose units, including:

  • 33 Counties
  • 103 Cities, towns, and villages. Municipalities may incorporate as cities, towns, or villages, but these designations do not significantly affect the legal status of municipalities.

718 Special Purpose units, including:

  • 622 Special Districts
  • 96 Independent School Districts

Further classifications:

  • Home rule charter, adopted pursuant to NM Const. Article X, Section 6 and the Municipal Charter Act, of which there are 11. They are Alamogordo, Albuquerque, Clovis, Gallup, Grants, Hobbs, Las Cruces, Las Vegas, Rio Rancho, and Santa Fe. Los Alamos is consolidated with Los Alamos county and operates under a charter as a city-county government.
  • Silver City continues to be governed by a historic territorial charter.
  • General law cities, towns, and villages, of which there are 91

Initiative process availability

See also: Laws governing local ballot measures in New Mexico

The availability of initiative varies depending upon the home rule status and form of government of a city, town, or village. Charter cities, towns, and villages have an initiative process for charter amendments granted by state statute, but individual charters may contain additional requirements. Charters may adopt initiative for ordinances. General law commission-manager cities, towns, and villages have a mandated initiative process provided by state statutes. General law mayor-council cities, towns, and villages do not have broad initiative authority to propose ordinances. However, for limited matters a petition process is granted by state statutes.[3][4]

County website evaluations

See also: Evaluation of New Mexico county websites

As of 2009:

  • No New Mexico county puts its budget on its website.
  • Nine counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
  • Six included information about the county's elected officials.
  • 14 included information about the county's administrative officials.
  • Three gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
  • None of the counties put information on their websites about external audits.
  • No counties provided information about contracts with county vendors.
  • None of the county websites disclosed whether the county belonged to any government sector lobbying associations.
  • The county websites uniformly did not provide information on how to request public records using the New Mexico Public Records Law.
  • One website provided some information about county taxes.


County County seat
Bernalillo County, New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico
Catron County, New Mexico Reserve
Chaves County, New Mexico Roswell, New Mexico
Cibola County, New Mexico Grants
Colfax County, New Mexico Raton
Curry County, New Mexico Clovis
De Baca County, New Mexico Fort Sumner
Dona Ana County, New Mexico Las Cruces, New Mexico
Eddy County, New Mexico Carlsbad
Grant County, New Mexico Silver City
Guadalupe County, New Mexico Santa Rosa
Harding County, New Mexico Mosquero
Hidalgo County, New Mexico Lordsburg
Lea County, New Mexico Lovington
Lincoln County, New Mexico Carrizozo
Los Alamos County, New Mexico Los Alamos
Luna County, New Mexico Deming
McKinley County, New Mexico Gallup, New Mexico
Mora County, New Mexico Mora
Otero County, New Mexico Alamogordo
Quay County, New Mexico Tucumcari
Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Tierra Amarilla
Roosevelt County, New Mexico Portales
San Juan County, New Mexico Aztec, New Mexico
San Miguel County, New Mexico Las Vegas
Sandoval County, New Mexico Bernalillo
Santa Fe County, New Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico
Sierra County, New Mexico Truth or Consequences
Socorro County, New Mexico Socorro
Taos County, New Mexico Taos
Torrance County, New Mexico Estancia
Union County, New Mexico Clayton
Valencia County, New Mexico Los Lunas