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New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

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U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 53.1% 58,886
     Democratic Domenic Recchia 40.8% 45,244
     Green Henry Bardel 2.4% 2,687
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 3.8% 4,182
Total Votes 110,999
Source: New York State Board of Elections


2016
2012

CongressLogo.png

New York's 11th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
June 24, 2014

November 4 Election Winner:
Michael Grimm Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Michael Grimm Republican Party
Michael Grimm.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Lean D[1]

FairVote's Monopoly Politics: Lean R[2]
Sabato's Crystal Ball: Lean D[3]


New York U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27

2014 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 11th Congressional District of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Rep. Michael Grimm (R) defeated Domenic Recchia (D) and Henry Bardel (Green) in the general election.
BattlegroundRace.jpg

New York's 11th Congressional District was a battleground district in 2014, with The Cook Political Report labeling it a "Toss Up" and FairVote rating it as "Lean R."[4][5] Grimm won in 2012 with a 5 percent margin of victory, but the district voted Democratic in the 2012 presidential race, voting for President Barack Obama with a 4.3 percent margin of victory. Grimm was first elected to his seat in 2010.

Another factor that could have affected this election was Grimm's indictment. Grimm was charged with 20 crimes involving his restaurant, Healthalicious, including tax fraud and hiring illegal immigrants. He was also under investigation for possible campaign finance law violations. Despite having won re-election, Grimm resigned from his seat on January 5, 2015, after pleading guilty to felony tax evasion.[6]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 14, 2014
June 24, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: New York is one of 12 states to use a strictly closed primary process, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.[7][8][9]

Voter registration: To vote in the federal primary, voters had to register by May 30, 2014. To vote in the state primary, voters had to register by August 15, 2014.[10]

See also: New York elections, 2014

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Michael Grimm (R), who was first elected in 2010.

New York's 11th Congressional District is located in the southeastern portion of the state and includes Richmond County.[11]

Candidates

General election candidates


June 24, 2014, primary results

Republican Party Republican Primary


Conservative Party Conservative Primary


Independence Party of America Independence Primary

Democratic Party Democratic Primary


Working Families Party Working Families Primary


Green Party Green Primary

Disqualified


Election results

General election

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 53.1% 58,886
     Democratic Domenic Recchia 40.8% 45,244
     Green Henry Bardel 2.4% 2,687
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 3.8% 4,182
Total Votes 110,999
Source: New York State Board of Elections

Race background

Democratic Super PAC House Majority PAC listed incumbent Michael Grimm as one of 10 they were targeting as vulnerable incumbent Republicans in 2014, with the focus on those holding competitive seats.[15]

Controversy

Grimm's indictment

On April 28, 2014, Michael Grimm surrendered to the FBI, facing federal charges of tax fraud related to his restaurant, Healthalicious.[16] Attorney Loretta Lynch was named to oversee the indictment.[17] Grimm had been under federal investigation for campaign finance violations, but Lynch's indictment focused instead on Grimm's restaurant business. Grimm was charged with 20 crimes, including under-reporting income in order to avoid paying taxes, "conspiracy, obstruction, mail fraud, perjury and the unlawful employment of illegal immigrants."[16] This was not the first time that Grimm had gotten into trouble for his restaurant, as Healthalicious was also charged $88,000 in January 2012 for not providing workers with compensation insurance.[18] The business was connected with his campaign as well. The Grimm company running Healthalicious was closely tied to Israeli fundraiser Ofer Biton, who communicated with Grimm on behalf of Israeli rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto. Pinto, who was worth close to $21 million, had many followers who contributed heavily to Grimm's successful 2010 campaign.[19] Some of Pinto's followers admitted to illegally contributing tens of thousands of dollars to Grimm's campaign.[16] Although campaign finance violations were not part of the indictment, Lynch said that the investigation was ongoing.[20]

Throughout much of the case, Grimm's attorney, William McGinley, maintained that Grimm was innocent. McGinley stated, "the government has pursued a politically driven vendetta against Congressman Grimm" and "when the dust settles, he will be vindicated."[17] Grimm ran unopposed in the Republican primary for New York's 11th Congressional District.[19] Despite calls for his resignation, Grimm repeatedly said that he would not resign, and that he would continue campaigning for re-election.[21]

Diana Durand guilty plea

Diana Durand, a former girlfriend of Grimm, was arraigned on May 5, 2014, for violating campaign finance law in order to reimburse straw donors to Grimm's campaign. Her lawyer maintained that she did not know her actions were illegal.[22] On September 3, 2014, Durand pleaded guilty to illegally contributing campaign money to Grimm and one other congressman via straw donors. This was just one of the three counts for which she was indicted. Her plea implied that she had acted alone and did not incriminate Grimm. Durand's attorneys requested that Durand serve probation rather than a jail sentence.[23]

The trial

On September 2, 2014, Grimm appeared in New York's Eastern District Court, where U.S. District Judge Pamela Ki Mai Chen ruled that Grimm's trial would begin on December 1, 2014.[24] Grimm's attorney's argued that the trial should be pushed back. Attorney Jeffrey Neiman stated, "We’re obviously in the heart of an election cycle right now. The Democratic party recently put new ads, or are going to begin to air, featuring the U.S. Attorney and snippets of her press conference, which will be airing in, on television here, where our jury pool will be seated... We’re concerned about ensuring Mr. Grimm has a fair trial, and if the jury sees these repeated ads, we’re concerned that there may be prejudice.”[24] Judge Chen refused to push the trial back, saying, "I don’t think given the nature of the publicity up til now and depending on what happens with the election that were [sic] necessarily going to get much of a break if I delay it by a month."[24]

On October 21, the beginning of the trial was pushed back from December 1, 2014, to February 2, 2015.[25]

Guilty plea

In a hearing on December 23, 2014, Grimm pleaded guilty to tax evasion, one of the 20 counts of which he had been accused. The sentencing is scheduled for June 8, 2015. Grimm had previously suggested that he would resign if found guilty, stating, "Certainly, if I was not able to serve then of course I would step aside and there would be a special election."[26] Nonetheless, at a press conference following his guilty plea, Grimm said that he would not step down from office. He explained, "It happened before I was in Congress, and for the past four years I’ve been a strong, effective member of Congress."[27] Republican leaders in the House were expected to pressure Grimm to leave office, but House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) said that he wanted to talk with Grimm before publicly discussing any plans of action.[27] In 2010, Boehner pledged up uphold a "zero tolerance" policy for ethics violations in the Republican caucus, putting pressure on him to reprimand Grimm.[6]

Resignation

After meeting with Boehner on December 29, 2014, Grimm announced that he would resign from Congress on January 5, 2015.[28] Grimm announced, "I do not believe that I can continue to be 100% effective in the next Congress, and therefore, out of respect for the Office and the people I so proudly represent, it is time for me to start the next chapter of my life."[6] The next day, Boehner commended Grimm for his resignation, stating, "Rep. Grimm made the honorable decision to step down from his seat in Congress."[29]

The state Constitution allows New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo to set a date for a special election to replace Grimm in the U.S. House. The election must be held 70 to 80 days after Cuomo announces the vacancy.[30] Candidates will be chosen by party conventions rather than in a primary election.[31]

Loss of Grimm's campaign manager

Bill Cortese, Grimm's campaign manager and the only employee working full-time on his campaign, quit after Grimm's indictment. Grimm's advisor, Guy Molinari, said that they were not concerned about the campaign, stating simply, "Bill opted to follow a different course. In every campaign, you have changes that take place."[32] Allegedly, Cortese made the decision to quit after donors cut funding to Grimm's campaign. According to an unnamed person familiar with the campaign, organizations such as the National Republican Congressional Committee denied aid to Grimm's campaign after the indictment, and with such drastic decreases to his budget, Grimm could no longer afford to pay Cortese's salary.[33]

Endorsements

Domenic Recchia

Domenic Recchia received the following endorsements:

Michael Grimm

Michael Grimm received the following endorsements:

Issues

See also: Energy and the 2014 election: the ballots and beyond

Campaign themes

Michael Grimm

Michael Grimm listed his positions on various issues on his campaign website. The following were excerpts from Grimm's website:[38]

  • Jobs & the Economy: "It is clear from the slow growth of our economy, the tax and spend policies put forth by President Obama have failed. From the healthcare law to unachievable EPA standards, the onslaught of job-killing regulations coming out of the Obama Administration are hurting the small businesses of Staten Island and Brooklyn and keeping them from growing and creating jobs."
  • Transportation: "As residents of New York City, we rely heavily on public transportation, but it seems that too often we get the short end of the stick when it comes to services. Staten Island remains the only borough without a free road in and out, our public transportation options are limited, and our roads remain congested as residents face some of the longest commute times in the country. That is why I have made improving public transportation and reducing the costs a top priority."
  • Energy and Environment: "Between tax increases and toll hikes, rising gas and energy prices add insult to injury and put further strain on our ever-tightening budgets. In order to lower energy costs, I support an all-of-the-above approach to energy that reduces our dependence on foreign oil; generates American jobs by tapping into resources here at home; and provides incentives to create clean, renewable, and efficient energy options."
  • U.S. Foreign Policy: "We are at a crucial time when it comes to U.S. foreign policy. There are no easy answers, but it is clear that our foreign policy and national defense must be stronger and more strategic. Since 9/11, the threat of terrorism here and abroad remains high, and our relationships with key allies are more important than ever before."
  • National Security and Defense: "When I was 19, I joined the U.S. Marine Corps and learned from an early age the importance of defending our great nation abroad. As an FBI agent, I learned to defend it at home. New York City remains the #1 terrorist target in the nation, which is why I will not cave when it comes to supporting a strong national defense policy."

[39]

—Michael Grimm, Campaign website (archive)

Henry Bardel

Henry Bardel's campaign website listed the five laws that would have been his top priorities if elected:[40]

  1. I will immediately sponsor a law to bring home our troops from Afghanistan and stop all drone attacks that are antagonizing people all over the world against the United States.
  2. I will sponsor laws that will subsidize research on how we can make green energy cheaper and more productive. Green energy like wind, solar, geothermal, biomass power, hydro power, hydrogen power and ocean energy so that we can stop global warming with green house gases caused by the burning of coal, oil and gas.
  3. I will immediately sponsor a Single Payer Health Care Law that will cover all Americans from cradle to grave. It will function like Medicare and will be basically Medicare for all.
  4. I will sponsor a bill that will recreate Revenue Sharing. Revenue Sharing is where the Federal Government gives money to the State and local governments to help pay for State and local services like Education, to hire teachers, Police and Fire protection. Revenue Sharing will reduce real estate taxes. I will also sponsor a Federal Law that will pay off all student loans.
  5. I will sponsor laws that will create a jobs program like the WPA which we had in the 1930’s. I will also create a stimulus package that will rebuild and repair our crumbling infrastructure. For instance the law will provide money for road repair, bridge repair, the building of schools, government buildings and parks.

[39]

—Henry Bardel, Campaign website (archive)

Key votes

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[41] Grimm joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[42][43]

Polls

General election polls

General election candidates
Poll Michael Grimm (R) Domenic Recchia (D)Henry Bardel (G)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Siena College Research Institute
October 26-28, 2014
53%34%5%8%+/-3.7713
Siena College Research Institute
September 9-14, 2014
44%40%4%12%+/-4.0585
AVERAGES 48.5% 37% 4.5% 10% +/-3.85 649
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Michael Grimm vs. Domenic Recchia
Poll Michael Grimm (R) Domenic Recchia (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
GBA Strategies
September 2014
46%46%8%+/-4.9400
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign contributions

Michael Grimm

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grimm’s reports.[44]

Domenic Recchia

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Recchia's reports.[54]

Domenic Recchia (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[55]April 15, 2013$0.00$412,036.00$(4,742.54)$407,293.46
July Quarterly[56]October 15, 2013$407,293.46$305,220.32$(46,441.83)$666,071.95
October Quarterly[57]January 30, 2014$666,071.95$300,564.44$(66,337.04)$900,299.35
Year-End[58]January 31, 2014$900,299.35$191,927.06$(100,343.46)$991,882.95
April Quarterly[59]April 15, 2014$991,882.95$206,412.82$(132,352.80)$1,065,942.97
Running totals
$1,416,160.64$(350,217.67)

Erick Salgado

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Salgado's reports before he was disqualified from running in the primary.[60]

Erick Salgado (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[61]April 14, 2014$0.00$3,000.00$(0.00)$3,000.00
Running totals
$3,000$(0)

Media

Michael Grimm


DCCC ad attacking Michael Grimm

District history

Candidate ballot access
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

2012

On November 6, 2012, Michael Grimm (R) won re-election to the United States House. He ran in the 11th District due to redistricting. He defeated Mark Murphy (D) in the general election.

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mark Murphy 43% 92,428
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 48% 103,118
     Green Henry Bardel 0.9% 1,939
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 8% 17,270
Total Votes 214,755
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

2010

On November 2, 2010, Yvette D. Clarke won re-election to the United States House. She defeated Hugh C. Carr (R) in the general election.[63]

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngYvette D. Clarke incumbent 84.7% 104,297
     Republican Hugh C. Carr 7.4% 9,119
     N/A Write-in 7.9% 9,759
Total Votes 123,175

See also

External links

References

  1. Cook Political Report, "2014 House Race Ratings for August 8, 2014," accessed August 25, 2014
  2. FairVote's Monopoly Politics, "2014 House Projections," accessed August 25, 2014
  3. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 House Races," accessed August 25, 2014
  4. The Cook Political Report, "2014 House Race Ratings for September 19, 2014," accessed September 30, 2014
  5. FairVote, "2014 Elections in New York," accessed May 24, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 CNN, "Michael Grimm announces resignation," accessed January 5, 2015
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  8. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  9. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013, through January 3, 2014, researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  10. New York Board of Elections Website, "Register to Vote," accessed January 3, 2014
  11. New York Redistricting Map, "Map," accessed September 25, 2012
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Staten Island Advance, "Exclusive: Brooklyn Democratic City Councilman Domenic Recchia says he will run for Congress," accessed February 17, 2013
  14. SI Live, "Democratic House primary short-circuited as Board of Elections boots Recchia rival Salgado from ballot," accessed May 19, 2014
  15. Sunshine State News, "Democratic Super-PAC Targets Steve Southerland," accessed March 8, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 USA Today, "N.Y. Rep. Grimm indicted on tax fraud charges," accessed April 28, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 Politico, "Michael Grimm expected to be indicted," accessed April 28, 2014
  18. New York Times, "Indictment Expected for Grimm, Staten Island Congressman," accessed April 28, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 The Washington Post, "Rep. Michael Grimm, facing federal charges, surrenders to FBI," accessed April 28, 2014
  20. USA Today, "Rep. Grimm charged with tax fraud, says he won't quit," accessed April 29, 2014
  21. BuzzFeed Politics, "Michael Grimm Says He’s Not Resigning After Indictment, Vows To Win Reelection," accessed April 29, 2014
  22. NY Daily News, "Rep. Michael Grimm’s ex-girlfriend charged for alleged campaign finance violations," accessed May 6, 2014
  23. Newsday, "In Michael Grimm case, woman pleads guilty in illegal campaign contributions," accessed December 23, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 New York Observer, "Michael Grimm Trial on Fraud Charges Set for December," accessed September 3, 2014
  25. New York Times, "Grimm’s Trial Delayed Until February," accessed December 23, 2014
  26. New York Daily News, "Rep. Michael Grimm to plead guilty to felony count of tax evasion, sources say," accessed December 23, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 Roll Call, "Rep. Michael Grimm Pleads Guilty to Tax Evasion," accessed December 26, 2014
  28. Politico, "Michael Grimm resigning from Congress," accessed January 5, 2015
  29. The Hill, "Boehner: Grimm resignation 'honorable,' " accessed January 5, 2015
  30. SI Live, "What happens after Rep. Michael Grimm resigns -- from special election to sentencing," accessed January 5, 2015
  31. MSNBC, "Why the race to replace Michael Grimm matters," accessed January 5, 2015
  32. SI Live, "GOP Rep. Michael Grimm loses campaign manager," accessed May 28, 2014
  33. NY Daily News, "Rep. Michael Grimm’s campaign manager quit after indictment stopped donations," accessed May 28, 2014
  34. Domenic Recchia for Congress, "The Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union Endorses Pro-Worker Candidate Domenic M. Recchia, Jr.," accessed May 24, 2014
  35. Domenic Recchia for Congress, "NY State’s Largest Grocery Workers Union Endorses Domenic Recchia for Congress," accessed May 24, 2014
  36. SI Live, "Staten Island GOP Rep. Michael Grimm gets backing of state Independence Party in re-election bid," accessed May 24, 2014
  37. New York Observer, "Michael Grimm Nets a Rare Endorsement," accessed October 6, 2014
  38. Michael Grimm for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 7, 2014
  39. 39.0 39.1 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  40. Hank Bardel for U.S. Congress, "Issues," accessed October 6, 2014
  41. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  42. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  43. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Pre-General," accessed October 23, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia Summary Report," accessed April 24, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia July Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia October Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia Year-End," accessed April 24, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Domenic Recchia April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Erick Salgado Summary Report," accessed April 24, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Erick Salgado April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  62. YouTube, "The Choice," accessed September 3, 2014
  63. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013