New York's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
U.S. House, New York District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Tim Bishop Incumbent 44.2% 73,860
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLee Zeldin 53.6% 89,564
     N/A Blank 2% 3,421
     N/A Void 0% 53
     N/A Write-in 0.1% 106
Total Votes 167,004
Source: New York State Board of Elections Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.


2012

CongressLogo.png

New York's 1st Congressional District

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
June 24, 2014

November 4 Election Winner:
Lee Zeldin Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Tim Bishop Democratic Party
Tim Bishop.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Lean D[1]

FairVote's Monopoly Politics: Toss Up[2]
Sabato's Crystal Ball: Lean D[3]


New York U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27

2014 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 1st Congressional District of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. Lee Zeldin (R) defeated incumbent Rep. Tim Bishop (D) in the general election.
BattlegroundRace.jpg

New York's 1st Congressional District was a battleground district in 2014. FairVote rated the 2014 race as a toss up.[4] The Cook Political Report rated New York's 1st as leaning Democratic, but still a competitive race.[5] Democratic incumbent Tim Bishop was in office for 10 years. However, in 2012 he won re-election by a mere 4.6 percent margin of victory. The 2012 presidential elections leaned Democratic as well, but President Barack Obama won the district by only 0.5 percent.

Bishop ran uncontested for the Democratic, Independence Party and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The Republican primary, on the other hand, was a competitive race between George Demos and Lee Zeldin. Although Zeldin raised significantly more in donations than Demos, Demos contributed $2 million in personal loans to his own campaign, giving him more overall resources than Zeldin. During the time period of the April Quarterly Federal Election Commission (FEC) report, Demos outspent Zeldin $815,686.22 to $157,629.60. As of this report, Demos had spent over $560,000 on media and advertising.[6] Fortunately for Zeldin, Republican groups such as the U.S. Jobs Council and the American Action Network also ran campaign ads against Demos. Despite Demos' money and high-profile endorsements, Zeldin easily defeated him in the June 24 primary.

Although Bishop was viewed as one of the most vulnerable Democratic incumbents in 2014, he had the advantage of not having to spend time or money fighting a challenge in the primary. In addition, over a month before New York's primary election, the DCCC had already set aside $1.4 million for television ads to help Bishop in his campaign for re-election.[7]

Based on close general elections in the few years prior, along with the District's ratings from FairVote and The Cook Political Report, New York's 1st Congressional District appeared to be split evenly between Democratic and Republican voters. For this reason, candidates targeted moderate voters in order to win over votes from the other party. This strategy nearly succeeded for Randy Altschuler, who ran against Bishop on a more moderate Republican platform in 2010 and 2012. In this election, Zeldin openly tried to avoid association with the tea party, criticizing Democrats for thinking that "every single Republican running for office anywhere in the country... [is] automatically, a right-wing, tea-party extremist."[8] Neither Zeldin nor Demos gained support from tea party groups leading up to the primary. Nonetheless, both candidates wanted to preserve their conservative identity. In a debate on May 23, 2014, both Republican candidates professed to be the one "true conservative" in the election.[9] Both Zeldin and Demos said that they opposed the Common Core curriculum, raising the minimum wage, citizenship for illegal immigrants and banning assault weapons.

The Affordable Care Act, informally known as "Obamacare," was a major theme in the Republican primary, and was an important topic in the general election as well. Even before the primary election, both Republican candidates began attacking Bishop for his support of the healthcare law. Bishop defended his position by stating, "There’s a lot that suggests that this bill is a pretty damn good idea."[10]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 14, 2014
June 24, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: New York is one of 12 states to use a strictly closed primary process, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.[11][12][13]

Voter registration: To vote in the federal primary, voters had to register by May 30, 2014. To vote in the state primary, voters had to register by August 15, 2014.[14]

See also: New York elections, 2014

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Tim Bishop (D), who was first elected in 2002.

New York's 1st Congressional District is located in the eastern portion of the state and includes Suffolk county.[15]

Candidates

General election candidates


June 24, 2014, primary results

Republican Party Republican Primary


Conservative Party Conservative Primary


Green Party Green Primary

Democratic Party Democratic Primary


Independence Party of America Independence Primary


Working Families Party Working Families Primary

Disqualified


Fusion voting

Unlike most states, New York election law allows for "fusion voting," in which each candidate can run under multiple parties. The voter may choose to vote for their preferred candidate under either party, and the final election results will show the candidate how many votes were received from each party. The goal of this system is to allow people to vote for a third party platform without feeling as though they are throwing their votes away on a candidate that is doomed to lose. Then, if a candidate receives a lot of support from a third party, the hope is that he or she would act more in accordance with that particular party's platform.[23]

Election results

General election

U.S. House, New York District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Tim Bishop Incumbent 44.2% 73,860
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLee Zeldin 53.6% 89,564
     N/A Blank 2% 3,421
     N/A Void 0% 53
     N/A Write-in 0.1% 106
Total Votes 167,004
Source: New York State Board of Elections Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

Primary election

U.S. House, New York District 1 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLee Zeldin 61.3% 10,283
George Demos 38.7% 6,482
Total Votes 16,765
Source: New York State Board of Elections - Official Election Results

Race background

Incumbent Tim Bishop (D) was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents during the 2014 election cycle.[24]

The National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) added Lee Zeldin (R) to their "On the Radar" list in November 2013. According to the NRCC, candidates that made this list were set to receive "...the tools they need to run successful, winning campaigns against their Democratic opponents."[25][26]

Previous challenges to Bishop's seat

Even outside of his state senate district, Republican candidate Lee Zeldin was a familiar face to many voters in New York's 1st Congressional District, as he ran against incumbent Tim Bishop in the 2008 general election. Although Bishop won in 2008 by a safe margin of victory, his margins decreased in subsequent years when he ran against Randy Altschuler. Zeldin's opponent in the Republican primary, George Demos, was no stranger to New York's Congressional elections, either. Demos ran in the 1st District's Republican primary elections in both 2010 and 2012, although he lost both times against Altschuler.[27]

A battle of the moderates

When Republican Randy Altschuler ran against Tim Bishop in the 2012 general election, both candidates sought to gain the support of moderate voters. Most of the debate centered around economics, with Bishop associating Altschuler with the more conservative Paul Ryan and Altschuler retaliating by accusing Bishop of failing to propose a better solution. In addition, both candidates tried to distance themselves from other politicians in Washington. One New York Times article stated that Bishop "rarely invokes President Obama and has repeatedly criticized the House leadership."[28] Following a similar theme, Altschuler tried to portray himself as a businessman rather than a career politician, but his plan backfired when Bishop accused him of outsourcing many jobs from OfficeTiger, a company that he previously owned, to India.[28]

Following Altschuler's lead, Zeldin and Demos ran on a moderate platform as well. Unlike most other elections in the country, neither primary candidate had a solid tea party backing, so both relied on the Republican establishment instead. In a March 2014 Republican primary debate, both candidates tried to claim the title of the true "conservative" candidate in the race. Bishop's campaign spokesman Keith Davies said that the debate "sounded like an audition on 'tea party Idol' with George Demos and Lee Zeldin working to outdo one another and appeal to the tea party conservatives."[9] While this could imply that Zeldin and Demos were trying to take advantage of the untapped resources of tea party groups, despite their attempts to appear moderate, it could also have been an attempt from Bishop to cast Zeldin and Demos as more radical. Zeldin used similar tactics in his attacks against Bishop, stating, "the 1st Congressional District is at its heart a moderate-to-conservative district. Mr. Bishop has done a good job in the past of deceiving the voters by portraying himself as a moderate Democrat. But I believe the voters are now seeing through this deception."[29] The majority of Republican attacks against Bishop focused on Obamacare, which Bishop continued to defend.[10]

Tim Bishop under ethics investigations

Democratic incumbent Tim Bishop was under investigation from the House Ethics Committee for an alleged campaign finance violation from 2012. The accusations stated that Bishop helped get a fireworks permit for Eric Semler's son's bar mitzvah, and subsequently asked Semler for a campaign contribution. Bishop denied that he committed any illegal actions. Although the supposed violation occurred in 2012, the Ethics Committee had not made a decision as of May 2014, and outside groups such as the National Republican Campaign Committee (NRCC) and the American Action Network used Bishop's actions against him in preparation for the November 2014 general election.[30] The American Action Network even launched a website called BishopBuyOff.com, which, according to their website, "features an interactive timeline to navigate the sordid history of Congressman Tim Bishop’s cash for favors, lies and cloud of ethics investigations."[31]

Lee Zeldin, the "Cowardly Lion"

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) received criticism for an internet post calling Lee Zeldin a coward for not explaining his position on the House GOP budget. The post stated, "Over a month after his House Republicans passed Paul Ryan’s reckless budget, Congressional Candidate Lee Zeldin is still too scared to admit how he would vote for the plan, even though he wants Long Islanders to send him to Congress."[32] A spokesman for the DCCC also posted a photo to Twitter of Zeldin's face superimposed on the body of the Cowardly Lion from the movie, The Wizard of Oz. This attack angered Republicans, especially because Zeldin served in the Army with the 82nd Airborne Division in Iraq. The National Republican Campaign Committee sent Democratic incumbent Tim Bishop and DCCC chairman Steve Israel copies of Dominique Francois' book, 82nd Airborne, in retaliation.[33] Both Israel and Bishop later condemned the attacks on Zeldin, stating that they had not been aware of the comments to be made, and that they disagreed with them.[34]

Republican primary themes

The race between George Demos and Lee Zeldin centered primarily on the following themes:[9][35]

  • Obamacare: Demos ' primary attack on Zeldin was that, as a state senator, Zeldin voted for legislation that helped fund the Affordable Care Act, commonly known as "Obamacare." Zeldin firmly asserted that he had never supported Obamacare, and he defended himself against the accusations by stating that the budget only funded Obamacare as much as was required by federal law.
  • Campaign funding: Zeldin and his supporters consistently attacked Demos for funding his campaign with money from Democratic House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. This accusation arose because Demos' father-in-law, who had raised money for Pelosi and other Democrats, was also helping to fund Demos' campaign.

Endorsements

Tim Bishop

Zeldin's endorsements included:

Lee Zeldin

Zeldin's endorsements included:

  • Sen. John McCain[38]
  • The Suffolk County Republican Committee[39]
  • The Suffolk County Conservative Party Chairman Ed Walsh[40]
  • The Suffolk County Corrections Officer Association (SCCOA)[41]
  • The U.S. Chamber of Commerce[42]
  • Former Sen. Alfonse D’Amato[9]
  • Donald Trump[9]
  • Former Sen. Rick Santorum[9]

George Demos

Demos' endorsements included:

  • Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani
    • Giuliani endorsed George Demos on March 7, 2014.[43][44]
    • In a statement released by the Demos campaign, Giuliani called the candidate “a fiscal conservative who says what he believes and believes what he says.” Giuliani stated, “as a former prosecutor, he knows the good guys from the bad. He will rattle the cages of the establishment. He’ll make a difference. And George would never support Obamacare. His voice will be heard in the halls of Congress, and I predict, throughout America...I am impressed with George, his passion, his intellect, and his integrity. I am proud to endorse his candidacy and prouder still to call him a friend. George Demos is one of us. And it’s time for George Demos for Congress."[44]
  • Former Gov. George Pataki[45]

Issues

See also: Energy and the 2014 election: the ballots and beyond

Campaign themes

Tim Bishop

Tim Bishop listed the following issues on his campaign website:[46]

  • Environment: "With over 300 miles of coastline in New York’s First Congressional District, I understand that a clean environment is vital for eastern Long Island’s economy. From leading the charge against misguided efforts to reward heavy industry at the expense of our environment, to bringing back needed federal dollars to preserve open space and preserve our beaches, I am working hard to ensure that future generations will have clean air and water in perpetuity."
  • Fighting for Seniors: "I have led the charge against the Republican budget that would end Medicare as we know it and transform it into a voucher system. Our seniors worked long and hard to pay into Medicare—I will always fight to ensure they receive the high-quality care that they’ve earned."
  • Fighting for Working Americans: "A strong middle class is vital to grow the Long Island economy. That’s why I voted to extend income tax cuts for middle-class families, voted for the payroll tax cut, and voted to repeal the marriage penalty and veterans tax on retirement pay and disability benefits."
  • Jobs and the Economy: "When Republicans in Congress tried to slash funding to Brookhaven National Laboratory, I successfully fought against their severe cuts and saved 1,000 middle-class jobs. And when the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed moving the New York Air Traffic Control center in Ronkonkoma and the New York Terminal Radar Approach Control facility in Westbury off Long Island, I spearheaded the effort to keep the facility on Long Island and saved 950 jobs in the process."
  • Supporting Our Veterans: "Our brave men and women of the U.S. Armed Forces who risk their lives to protect our freedom deserve our full support when they return home. I voted to improve access to high-quality healthcare, reduce wait times and provide $5 billion to recruit more doctors, nurses and other medical professional for our returning veterans."
  • Working for Long Island: "Together with Senator Chuck Schumer, I led the initiative directing the FAA to create the North Shore route that requires pilots to remain a mile offshore and has given relief to many Long Islanders, and I have repeatedly pressed the FAA to add a South Shore route. I will continue to work to extend the route past Orient Point and protect the quality of life on Long Island's East End."

[47]

—Tim Bishop, Campaign website (archive)

Lee Zeldin

Lee Zeldin listed the following issues, among others, on his campaign website:[48]

  • Fighting for Our Families: In Washington, D.C., our elected leaders must do more to help create jobs, by eliminating costly mandates, simplifying our complex tax code, reducing burdensome tax rates, and cutting wasteful government spending to lower our nation’s deficits.
  • Shrinking Government: It has been said that a government that is big enough to give you everything you want is big enough to take away everything you have. And today our bloated federal government is so big that its costs and debt have become a great threat to our children’s future.
  • Working to Grow the Good Jobs We Need: To remain a leader in the global economy, we must improve our nation’s business climate by eliminating excessive federal mandates, simplifying our tax code, reducing burdensome tax rates, and cutting wasteful spending.
  • Sharing Every Parent’s Hope: A Better Future for Our Children: I want every child to have more opportunities, and a brighter future, than their parents and grandparents were offered. This has always been the American way. Unfortunately, that's not the path we're on as a nation today.
  • Preparing Our Children for that Future: As your Congressman, I will take this fight to the national level to ensure that our grade school students are better represented. I will also continue to do all that I can to ensure that students have greater access to higher education.
  • Preserving the Opportunity: Giving Our Kids a Chance: My personal experiences have deeply impacted my appreciation for the value of life and for the blessing it is to have a child. For those who may not be ready for parenthood, I believe that alternatives that show respect for life should be offered and available.

[47]

—Lee Zeldin, Campaign website (archive)

Polls

General election polls

Tim Bishop vs. Lee Zeldin
Poll Tim Bishop (D) Lee Zeldin (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Newsday/News 12/Siena College
October 26-29, 2014
45%50%5%+/-3.8670
Harper Polling
September 21-22, 2014
44%44%12%+/-4.1568
Public Opinion Strategies
September 23-25, 2014
46%46%7%+/-4.9400
Siena College Research Institute
September 7-11, 2014
51%41%8%+/-4.0592
AVERAGES 46.5% 45.25% 8% +/-4.2 557.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign contributions

Tim Bishop

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Bishop’ reports.[49]

Tim Bishop (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[50]April 15, 2013$6,969.47$182,404.34$(43,888.05)$145,485.76
July Quarterly[51]July 15, 2013$145,485.76$284,610.87$(128,908.80)$301,187.83
October Quarterly[52]October 15, 2013$301,187.83$253,966.90$(128,474.09)$426,680.64
Year-End Quarterly[53]December 31, 2013$426,680$278,011$(138,611)$565,456
April Quarterly[54]April 15, 2014$565,456.02$300,919.49$(144,312.65)$722,062.86
Pre-Primary[55]June 12, 2014$722,062.86$175,281.56$(88,566.23)$808,778.19
July Quarterly[56]July 15, 2014$808,778.19$349,137.49$(27,963.03)$1,129,952.65
October Quarterly[57]October 15, 2014$1,129,952.65$700,001.41$(815,248.59)$1,014,705.47
Running totals
$2,524,333.06$(1,515,972.44)

Lee Zeldin

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Zeldin's reports.[58]

Lee Zeldin (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
Year-End[59]January 31, 2014$0.00$342,111.28$(34,796.18)$307,315.10
April Quarterly[60]April 15, 2014$307,315.10$261,060.58$(157,629.60)$410,746.08
Running totals
$603,171.86$(192,425.78)

George Demos

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Demos' reports.[61]

George Demos (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[62]October 3, 2013$0.00$1,000,000.00$(0.00)$1,000,000.00
Year End[63]January 31, 2014$1,000,000.00$1,201,510.00$(149,121.80)$2,052,388.20
April Quarterly[64]April 15, 2014$2,052,388.20$35,245.00$(815,686.22)$1,271,946.98
Running totals
$2,236,755$(964,808.02)

**Included in the total contributions were two personal loans from George Demos: $1 million incurred on November 9, 2013, and $1 million incurred on December 30, 2013.


Media

Tim Bishop


NRCC ad attacking Tim Bishop

Lee Zeldin


Lee Zeldin campaign ad attacking Demos

Lee Zeldin campaign ad tying Demos to Pelosi

George Demos

  • Rudy Guiliani praised Demos in the following campaign ads:[68][69]

Rudy Giuliani endorsement

Rudy Giuliani campaign ad supporting Demos

U.S. Jobs Council ad tying Demos to Pelosi

American Action Network ad attacking Demos

District history

Candidate ballot accecss
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

2012

On November 6, 2012, Tim Bishop (R) won re-election to the United States House. He defeated Randy Altschuler in the general election.

U.S. House, New York District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTim Bishop Incumbent 49.3% 145,198
     Republican Randy Altschuler 44.7% 131,650
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 6% 17,730
Total Votes 294,578
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

2010

On November 2, 2010, Tim Bishop won re-election to the United States House. He defeated Randy Altschuler (R) in the general election.[72]

U.S. House, New York District 1 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTim Bishop 48.7% 98,316
     Republican Randy Altschuler 48.4% 97,723
     Blank/Scattering Blank/Scattering 3% 5,968
Total Votes 202,007

See also

External links

References

  1. Cook Political Report, "2014 House Race Ratings for August 8, 2014," accessed August 25, 2014
  2. FairVote's Monopoly Politics, "2014 House Projections," accessed August 25, 2014
  3. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 House Races," accessed August 25, 2014
  4. FairVote, "2014 Elections in New York," accessed May 24, 2014
  5. The Cook Political Report, "2014 House Race Ratings for August 8, 2014," accessed August 26, 2014
  6. 27 East, "Despite Limited Donations, Demos Outpaces Zeldin, Bishop In Campaign Spending," accessed May 24, 2014
  7. Newsday, "Tim Bishop's House re-election bid to get $1.4M in ad time buys from Democrats," accessed June 2, 2014
  8. Newsmax, "NY State Sen. Zeldin: Republicans Aren't All Extremists," accessed June 10, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Newsday, "Lee Zeldin, George Demos clash in 1st Congressional District debate," accessed May 24, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Bloomberg Businessweek, "Vulnerable N.Y. Democrat Backs Obamacare Amid Republican Hit," accessed June 9, 2014
  11. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  12. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  13. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013 through January 3, 2014 researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  14. New York Board of Elections Website, "Register to Vote," accessed January 3, 2014
  15. New York Redistricting Map, "Map," accessed August 31, 2012
  16. George Demos for Congress, "Home," accessed March 11, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 Lee Zeldin for Congress, "Home," accessed March 11, 2014
  18. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed October 28, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Bishop for Congress, "Home," accessed March 11, 2014
  20. New York State Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed October 28, 2014
  21. Newsday, "1st CD: Bishop's man challenges Green Party candidate's petitions," accessed October 28, 2014
  22. Newsday, "Green Party candidate disqualified in 1st CD race," accessed October 28, 2014
  23. Working Families Party, "WFP’s Secret to Success: Fusion Voting," accessed June 9, 2014
  24. Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  25. Roll Call, "House Republicans Put 36 Recruits ‘On the Radar’," accessed November 21, 2013
  26. NRCC Young Guns, "List," accessed March 20, 2014
  27. Riverhead News-Review, "Suffolk GOP selects Zeldin to challenge Bishop in congressional race," accessed June 9, 2014
  28. 28.0 28.1 The New York Times, "As a Long Island Congressional Race Tightens, Its Pace Becomes More Harried," accessed June 9, 2014
  29. The Epoch Times, "State Sen. Lee Zeldin: On the Radar List," accessed June 10, 2014
  30. Newsday, "'Bishop's bar mitvah scandal' timeline posted by outside group," accessed May 24, 2014
  31. American Action Network, "American Action Network Launches BishopBuyOff.com," accessed June 2, 2014
  32. Jewish Political News & Updates, "NY01- DCCC Calls Jewish Congressional Candidate Lee Zeldin A ‘Coward’," accessed May 23, 2014
  33. New York Post, "GOP offers Congressman a lesson after he called opponent a coward," accessed May 23, 2014
  34. The Washington Times, "DCCC’s Steve Israel slams own committee for email calling Republican ‘coward’," accessed May 24, 2014
  35. East End Beacon, "Zeldin and Demos Pummel Each Other," accessed June 2, 2014
  36. 36.0 36.1 The Suffolk Times, "Independence Party backs Congressman Bishop," accessed May 24, 2014
  37. The Independence Party of New York State, "Home," accessed June 9, 2014
  38. Roll Call, "McCain Takes Sides in House GOP Primary in New York," accessed May 24, 2014
  39. The Independent, "Suffolk GOP Endorses Lee Zeldin," accessed May 24, 2014
  40. New York State of Politics, "Zeldin Backed By Suffolk Conservative Party," accessed May 24, 2014
  41. Corrections, "Suffolk County Corrections Officer Association (SCCOA) Endorses Senator Lee Zeldin for Congress," accessed May 24, 2014
  42. New York State of Politics, "Zeldin Nets Chamber Of Commerce Endorsement," accessed May 24, 2014
  43. NY State of Politics, "Giuliani Joins Pataki In Backing Demos Over Zeldin (Updated)," accessed March 121, 2014
  44. 44.0 44.1 LI News Radio, "Mayor Rudy Giuliani Endorses George Demos for Congress," accessed March 11, 2014
  45. Politico, "George Pataki backs Tim Bishop challenger," accessed October 11, 2013
  46. Tim Bishop for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 6, 2014
  47. 47.0 47.1 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  48. Lee Zeldin for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 6, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop Summary Report," accessed July 30, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop April Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Tim Bishop October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Lee Zeldin Summary Report," accessed April 24, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Lee Zeldin Year-End," accessed April 24, 2014
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Lee Zeldin April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "George Demos Summary Report," accessed June 26, 2013
  62. Federal Election Commission, "George Demos October Quarterly," accessed April 8, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "George Demos Year End," accessed April 8, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "George Demos April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  65. New York State of Politics, "In TV Ad, NRCC Blasts Bishop," accessed May 24, 2014
  66. NY State of Politics, "Zeldin TV Spot Ties Demos Closely To Pelosi," accessed April 22, 2014
  67. YouTube, "Money Bags," accessed May 5, 2014
  68. YouTube, "Integrity and Character," accessed April 22, 2014
  69. YouTube, "Demos for Congress TV Ad: 'Seen It All'," accessed May 23, 2014
  70. NY State of Politics, "A Super PAC Slams Demos," accessed April 22, 2014
  71. Roll Call, "GOP Group Boosts House Candidate in New York Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  72. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013