New York's 23rd Congressional District elections, 2012
November 6, 2012
June 26, 2012
- 1 Fusion voting
- 2 Candidates
- 3 Election results
- 4 Race background
- 5 Impact of redistricting
- 6 District history
- 7 See also
- 8 References
|Candidate Filing Deadline||Primary Election||General Election|
Primary: New York has a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party may vote in that party's primary.
- See also: New York elections, 2012
Incumbent: Heading into the election was incumbent Bill Owens (D), who was first elected to the House in 2008. Due to redistricting, Owens ran in the redrawn 21st District, and 29th District incumbent Tom Reed ran for the new 23rd.
This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 23rd Congressional District is located in the southwestern portion of the state and includes Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany, Steuben, Yates, Schuyler, Seneca, Tompkins, Tioga, and Chemung counties and part of Ontario County.
New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.
Opponents of fusion voting argue that the process results in dealmarking to ensure that patronage is rampant. Proponents maintain that fusion voting allows for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.
Candidates appearing in the general election will be listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they will represent on the ballot.
Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.
General election candidates
June 26, 2012 primary results
|U.S. House, New York District 23 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Tom Reed Incumbent||49.2%||137,669|
|Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"|
New York's 23rd was considered to be Leaning Republican according to the New York Times race ratings. Republican incumbent Tom Reed was challenged Nate Shinagawa (D), a 28 year old Asian Cornell graduate, in a district which strongly favored Republicans.
Attorneys Leslie Danks Burke and Melissa Dobson joined county legislator Nate Shinagawa in seeking the Democratic nomination in the June 26, 2012 primary. The national Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee took an interest in the race, citing the three challengers as evidence of opposition to the Republican incumbent.
Local Democratic officials and organizations had their endorsements mainly between Burke and Shinagawa.
All three Democratic challengers supported Obamacare and opposed hydrofracking. In regards to the economy, Burke and Shinagawa wanted to tax corporations more heavily, and Dobson wanted to link education and technical training.
Impact of redistricting
- See also: Redistricting in New York
Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.
- 8 percent from the 22nd Congressional District
- 17 percent from the 24th Congressional District
- 20 percent from the 27th Congressional District
- 54 percent from the 29th Congressional District
As of October 29, 2012, District 23 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:
|New York Congressional District 23|
|Congressional District||District Total||Democrats||Republicans||Other & Unaffiliated||Advantage||Party Advantage||Change in Advantage from 2010|
|"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.|
FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study
- See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012
In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 23rd District became more balanced because of redistricting.
- 2012: 47D / 53R
- 2010: 45D / 55R
Cook Political Report's PVI
In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 23rd Congressional District had a PVI of R+3, which was the 202nd most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 50-50 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, George W. Bush (R) won the district 55-45 percent over John Kerry (D).
|Candidate ballot accecss|
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On November 2, 2010, Bill Owens was elected to the United States House for a second term. He defeated Matthew A. Doheny (R who also ran on the Independence Party ticket), and Douglas L. Hoffman (Conservative).
- United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2012
- United States House of Representatives elections, 2012
- United States Senate elections in New York, 2012
- York ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012 (dead link)
- New York State Board of Elections, "Voting Deadline Page," accessed June 30, 2012
- New York Redistricting Map, "Map" accessed September 25, 2012
- Clarence Bee, "State Senate candidate calls for an end to fusion voting", accessed September 19, 2013
- Oregon Working Family Party, "What is Fusion Voting?", accessed September 19, 2013
- New York Board of Elections "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," April 18, 2012
- New York Board of Elections "List of Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," accessed May 30, 2012
- New York Times, "House Race Ratings," accessed August 10, 2012
- Messenger-Post, "Three-way Democratic primary in 23rd Congressional District," June 20, 2012
- Dunkirk Observer, "Endorsements muddle primary," June 1, 2012
- Washington Post, "The Fix," "Redistricting battles hit a fever pitch," June 3, 2011
- Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer, "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
- Labels & Lists, "VoterMapping software voter counts"
- New York State Board of Elections, "District Active Enrollment 2012," April, 2012
- "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in New York," September 2012
- Cook Political Report, "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" accessed October 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013