Counties in New York

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Counties in the United States

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There are 62 counties in New York.[1] Five of those counties are coterminous with the five boroughs of New York City and do not have functioning county governments. These counties are instead subject to the jurisdiction of the city. New York City is considered the county seat for each of these counties.[2]

Types of local government

Local government in New York consists of:

  • Counties: There are 62 counties in New York. Five of these counties fall under the jurisdiction of the City of New York. 38 are governed by general law and 19 have charters.
  • Cities: There are 62 cities in New York. All cities have charters.
  • Towns: There are 932 towns. No towns have charters, being governed by the Town Law. The area of each county (excluding cities) is divided into towns.
  • Village: There are 551 villages. No villages have charters, being governed by the Village Law. Each village exists within a town.[3][4]

Note: The distinction between villages and cities is not based on population, but organization.[5]

  • In addition, there are 1,172 special districts and 679 independent school districts.[6]

Initiative process availability

See also: Laws governing local ballot measures in New York


All of New York's 62 cities have charter amendment by initiative under state law.[7][8]


Suffolk County has an initiative process authorized by a special state law. Also, five counties are under the jurisdiction of New York City. As such residents of these counties enjoy an initiative process at the city level.[9][8]

County website evaluations

See also: Evaluation of New York county websites
  • 49 of the 62 counties posted their county budgets online.
  • 54 counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
  • 58 included information about the county's elected officials.
  • 61 included information about the county's administrative officials.
  • 11 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
  • 23 of the counties put information on their websites about external audits.
  • Four counties gave information about their contracts with county vendors.
  • No county websites disclosed whether the county belonged to any government sector lobbying associations.
  • 26 counties provided information on how to request public records using the New York Freedom of Information Law.
  • 36 county websites provided information about county taxes.

List of counties

County County seat
Albany County, New York Albany, New York
Allegany County, New York Belmont
Bronx County, New York** New York City**
Broome County, New York Binghamton, New York
Cattaraugus County, New York Little Valley
Cayuga County, New York Auburn, New York
Chautauqua County, New York Mayville
Chemung County, New York Elmira, New York
Chenango County, New York Norwich, New York
Clinton County, New York Plattsburgh, New York
Columbia County, New York Hudson, New York
Cortland County, New York Cortland, New York
Delaware County, New York Delhi
Dutchess County, New York Poughkeepsie, New York
Erie County, New York Buffalo, New York
Essex County, New York Elizabethtown, New York
Franklin County, New York Malone
Fulton County, New York Johnstown
Genesee County, New York Batavia, New York
Greene County, New York Catskill
Hamilton County, New York Lake Pleasant, New York
Herkimer County, New York Herkimer
Jefferson County, New York Watertown, New York
Kings County, New York** New York City**
Lewis County, New York Lowville
Livingston County, New York Geneseo
Madison County, New York Wampsville
Monroe County, New York Rochester, New York
Montgomery County, New York Fonda
Nassau County, New York Mineola
New York County, New York** New York City**
Niagara County, New York Lockport, New York
Oneida County, New York Utica, New York
Onondaga County, New York Syracuse, New York
Ontario County, New York Canandaigua, New York
Orange County, New York Goshen
Orleans County, New York Albion
Oswego County, New York Oswego, New York
Otsego County, New York Cooperstown
Putnam County, New York Carmel, New York
Queens County, New York** New York City**
Rensselaer County, New York Troy, New York
Richmond County, New York** New York City**
Rockland County, New York New City
Saratoga County, New York Ballston Spa
Schenectady County, New York Schenectady, New York
Schoharie County, New York Schoharie
Schuyler County, New York Watkins Glen
Seneca County, New York Waterloo
St. Lawrence County, New York Canton
Steuben County, New York Bath
Suffolk County, New York Riverhead
Sullivan County, New York Monticello
Tioga County, New York Owego
Tompkins County, New York Ithaca, New York
Ulster County, New York Kingston, New York
Warren County, New York Queensbury, New York
Washington County, New York Fort Edward
Wayne County, New York Lyons
Westchester County, New York White Plains, New York
Wyoming County, New York Warsaw
Yates County, New York Penn Yan

**Consolidated city/county government