Counties in North Carolina
Types of local government
The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments shows that, as of September of 2012, local government in North Carolina consists of:
653 General Purpose units, including:
- 100 Counties
- 553 Cities, Towns, and Villages
311 Special Districts
Initiative process availability
State law NC Gen. Stat. Section 160A-104 mandates an initiative process for citizens to propose and vote on charter amendments regarding specific subject matters. The available subject matter is contained in NC Gen. Stat. Section 160A-101.
State law does not grant ordinance initiative power to all cities. However, the General Assembly has granted initiative power to certain cities, such as Raleigh and Greensboro, through special acts. In any city where initiative has been made available, NC Gen. Stat. Section 159-17 states that "The adoption and amendment of the budget ordinance or any project ordinance and the levy of taxes in the budget ordinance are not subject to the provisions of any city charter or local act concerning initiative or referendum."
County website evaluations
As of 2009:
- 62 of the 100 counties posted their county budgets online.
- 84 counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
- 79 included information about the county's elected officials.
- 78 included information about the county's administrative officials.
- 51 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
- 55 of the counties put information on their websites about external audits.
- No counties gave information about contracts with county vendors.
- No county websites disclosed whether the county belonged to any government sector lobbying associations.
- One county provided information on how to request public records using the North Carolina Public Records Law.
- 44 county websites provided some information about county taxes.
- National Association of Counties Website, "County Seats," accessed September 18, 2013
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- North Carolina League of Municipalities, How NC Municipalities Work
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- Municode, Raleigh City Charter and Ordinances
- Municode, Greensboro Charter and Ordinances
State of North Carolina
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